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Drugs and Crime Week 9 Study Guide

by: Ryan Desjardins

Drugs and Crime Week 9 Study Guide CCJ 3651

Ryan Desjardins

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About this Document

Covers vocab and review questions from chapter 11 Abadinsky
Drugs and Crime
Mark Feulner
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ryan Desjardins on Wednesday July 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CCJ 3651 at Florida State University taught by Mark Feulner in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Drugs and Crime in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Florida State University.

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Date Created: 07/06/16
CCJ 3651­ Drugs and Crime Chapter 11 Key Terms Criminalization­ One of the three methods used by the moral­legal model to control drugs.  Creates statutory limitations which makes the manufacture or possession of certain dangerous  substances a crime and empower specific public officials to enforce these statutes. Disease Model­ One of the two basic models developed for responding to the use of dangerous  substances. States "the abuser is helpless and blameless, analogous to the cancer or coronary  patient. This model defines substance abuse as a disease to be prevented or treated". Fetal Liability­ Prosecution of pregnant women for using illegal drugs Medical Auspices­One of the three methods used by the moral­legal model to control drugs.  States the use of certain potentially harmful substances is permitted under medical supervision.   The medical profession is given control over legal access to specific substance that have medical  uses because when the substances are taken under the direction of a physical, their value  outweighs their dangers. Moral­Legal Model­ One of the two basic models developed for responding to the use of  dangerous substances. This "defines alcohol and other psychoactive drugs as either legal or  illegal and attempts to control availability through penalties. Utilizes three methods to control  potentially dangerous drugs­ regulation, medical auspices, and criminalization. Political Knowledge­ Concerns public attitudes towards drug use. INCLUDES SCIENTIFIC  KNOWLEDGE Regulation­ One of the three methods used by the moral­legal model to control drugs. States  certain substances that may be harmful to their consumers can be sold with only minimal  restrictions.  They are heavily taxed, providing government with an important source of revenue,  special licenses are usually required for the manufacture, distribution, and sale of these specific  substances. Scientific Knowledge­ The body of facts and theories related to drug use Review Questions 1.How does the disease model differ from the moral legal model? The disease model states addiction is something that is always there, and the non­use of drugs are a  prevention against it.  Treats addiction more as a disease, where the moral legal model treats addiction as  a direct result of thought through drug abuse. 4.What are some unintended consequences of successful drug law enforcement? Enforcement success may simply eliminate the less organized criminal distributors, resulting in an  increase in the profits of criminal organizations that are strong enough and ruthless enough to survive. 6.Why does the 'war on drugs' appear racist? Because a variety of statistics indicate that the 'war on drugs' is often a 'war on blacks'. 8.Why is an increase in penalties for drug trafficking unrealistic? Unrealistic because sentences for trafficking are already high, and there is a lack of evidence indication  that it reduces the supply of drugs 9.What are the potential adverse reactions to reducing the market for drugs? Reducing the drug market can have unpleasant outcomes, competition will increase among dealers,  perhaps violently because selling drugs is a primary source of earning and many poor adults who may  turn to other forms of crime. 10.What was the connection between the oversupply of cocaine and crack? Crack was a response to an oversupply of cocaine 11.What are the problems of attempting to reduce the supply of drugs at their source? These result in displacement and human rights violations 12.What are practical and ethical issues raised by the prosecution of pregnant women who use illegal  drugs? Issues include lack of treatment programs for pregnant women and discounting fetal harm caused by  nicotine and alcohol. 13.What have been the results of coercive treatment of drug addicts? Outpatient compulsory treatment for drug users has proven cost effective. 14.What is the controversy that surrounds medical marijuana? While marijuana possession remains a federal crime, at least 16 states and the District of Columbia have  laws permitting medical use of marijuana 15.Why is it difficult to measure the effects of drug use vis­a­vis changes in drug policy? Difficult to measure due to nonpolicy factors such as popularity trends, availability of drugs, etc.


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