Global Studies 1 Notes
Global Studies 1 Notes global
Popular in intro to global studies 1
Popular in Global Studies
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anahit Ghaltaghchyan on Friday July 8, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to global at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Dr. Philip McCarty in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see intro to global studies 1 in Global Studies at University of California Santa Barbara.
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Date Created: 07/08/16
07/08/2016 ▯ Non western civilization ▯ Civilization started 3000 BCE in Sumer ▯ Long before Europe great empires developed in the middle east, north America, india, china and the Americas ▯ Europe was considered not as advanced as Asia, etc ▯ ▯ Eurocentrism- Europe acts- the rest of the word responds. Rest of the word is passive. The west is the “center of the universe”. Most civilized and sophisticated ▯ ▯ Problems with development schemes ▯ Turns world history into moral success tory ▯ Everything before these developments treated as pre modern and irrelevant ▯ page 27 of book ▯ Whole page before rise of social sciences ▯ ▯ Marshall Hodgson ▯ Maps are ways to express our feelings and assumptions ▯ We emphasize some features and reduce others ▯ Temptation to place oneself at the center of the map runs deep ▯ ▯ Greenwich- London Prime meridian. Different time zones ▯ Global cartography ▯ ▯ ▯ Lecture 3-Imperial History Graphic ▯ Saturday 3PM young Pakistani woman who was a public activist, shot by Taliban ▯ Who has conquered the Middle East over the course of world events? ▯ Constant development of new empires ▯ Empire- multiplicity of cultures, cities and regions unified under domination of single government ▯ System of governance based on conquest ▯ Foreign people ruled by dynastic metropolitan, or clannish state ▯ Extension of states power through subjugation of other people and exploitation of their resources. ▯ Very much about capturing resources and exploitation ▯ All empires come to an end ▯ Non colonial empires- holy roman, mongol, great zimbobwe, ottoman, austrian, zulu kingdom ▯ ▯ Colonial- Spanish, Portuguese, Russian, Dutch, British, French, US ▯ ▯ What is a colonial empire?- were a product of the European age of exploitation that began with a race of exploration between the then most advanced powers, Portugal and spain. ▯ Colonialism- is the exploitation by a stronger country of a weaker one, the use of the weaker country’s resource to strengthen and enrich the stronger country ▯ Neocolonialism- control by a powerful country of its former colonies by economic pressures ▯ ▯ The Mongol Empire- greatest empire in history ▯ Herders pressing at northern frontiers of China ▯ Organized in family clans by military leaders ▯ Using iron stirrup to set themselves in saddles ▯ Because of abilities as equestrians and archers, formed tightly knit fighting units capable of riding in close formation ▯ Europeans named this fighting force a “horde” ▯ ▯ Genghis Khan (1162-1227) ▯ Temuchin’’s rise ▯ ▯ Wars with Persia 1218-1222 ▯ Mongols in Europe- conquered Russia, Hungary, within three months got control of most of eastern Europe ▯ ▯ Fall of Western Europe- no army. Fall of WE was looming ▯ Great Khan dies- traditionally armies return back to their homeland. Europe never actually invaded. ▯ Kublai Khan* ▯ Largest continuous run empire ▯ Delivered Black Death to Europe ▯ Split into four functionally independent realsm ▯ China and Mongolia ▯ Central Asia ▯ Russia ▯ Persia ▯ Alexander the Great 323 BCE ▯ Roman empire ▯ Effect of early empires ▯ Vastly increases contact between ruling and ruled ▯ Spreads forms of governance ▯ CRUSADES 1096-1204 ▯ Spread of Christianity ▯ Recaprute of the holy lands ▯ Spreads through Europe, down into mediterranian and into Jerusalem ▯ Mostly about resource capture ▯ ▯ Conceptual dividing using East/west, Muslim/Christian, uncivilized/Civilized ▯ ▯ Marco Polo travelled to the court of the great Mongol leader Kublia Khan ▯ Visited China/ mongola and told of the wonders of their “culture” ▯ Opposite effect of the crusades ▯ ▯ Columbus read Marco Polo’s stories, and was influenced ▯ ▯ Fall of Constantinople (1453) ▯ Ottoman empire ▯ Marked the end of ancient Roman empire and Christian control ▯ Cut off Europe’s access to middle east and trade routes to China and India ▯ Cut off white slave supply from central and eastern Europe ▯ Drove scholars to Italy who played important role in Renaissance ▯ Drove exploration of ocean trade routes across Atlantic ▯ Age of exploration ▯ Columbus 1492 ▯ Vasco de Gama 1497 ▯ Columbus stopped at Canary Islands. Carried Christianity and sugar and slavery into the new world ▯ Ferdinand Magellan circumnavigated the world 1522 ▯ Spanish established a port of Manila ▯ ▯ New oceanic connection of the continents ▯ ▯ ▯
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