5_Film_and_Culture.pdf FILM 2332
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anu on Thursday July 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FILM 2332 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by John Petty in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views.
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Date Created: 07/14/16
Film and Culture ROSHOMON Director: Akira Kurosawa Cast: Toshiro Mifune (Tajomaru) Noriko Honma (wife) Masayuki Mori (samurai) Takashi Shimura (witness, narrator) Minoru Chiaki (priest) Kichijiro Ueda (thief) NOTES Akira Kurosawa - leading director in Japan August 25, 1950 - based on 2 stories o japan occupied by american forces o different cultural model audience raised in aesthetic and different philosophical environment based on Japanese traditional theater o japanese films must be approached from different perspective o "film is film" -- not valid WESTERN THEATER= representational o attempts to recreate reality to extent possible o actors act as if audience is not present o based on concept of "ideal forms" (Plato and Aristotle) JAPANESE THEATER= presentational o "a plausible lie" Klakamura Kichiemon, Kabuki actor o actors in Kabuki plays frequently acknowledge audience o eastern aesthetic o 1. YUGEN= dark, hidden inner beauty, finding beauty in something not beautiful "Gaze through cherry blossoms to huts fading in background" 2. WABI-SABI= beauty that is imperfect, impermanent. beauty that fades or changes over time Buddhist concept related to understanding of "non-self" 3. AWARE= melancholic sadness brought on by acute sensitivity invoked by natural objects that are finite and preishable "the cry of crickets, autumn" japanese films = philosophies of shints and Buddhism o moral, religious and philosophical percepts to common man 1950: o WWII until 1952 o govt. had tight control of films, only patriotic only 10 films made o postwar: japanese films was not known beyond borders Akira Kurosawa o 1910 - 1988 o "Western" of all japanese directors o western techniques with japanese forms o inspiration form western art and literature o "hands on" 1936: film assistant director several propaganda during war years Drunken Angel (1948) Rashomon Golden Lion at Venice film festival academy award for best foreign film 1954: the seven samurai cements reputation Rashomon o recaptures and recreates aesthetics of silent filmmaking o the RASHOMON EFFECT important in journalism o how we see ourselves I. SYMBOLISM The rashomon gate o entering into another world o separation between sacred and profane The Forest o journey through forest, journey through human heart o a dark, labyrinth path Sunlight o truth, through trees is obscured Triangular compositions o husband, wife, bandit o woodcutter, priest, commoner LECTURE I. WHAT IS POPULAR CULTURE ideas, attitudes, conventions, images, etc adopted and embraced by culture or society o example: film, tv, art, literature, music, dance, cartoons, toys popular culture <------> society (influence) II. CULTURAL STUDIES interdisciplinary field culture informs and transforms aspects of human existence democratic field o (assumes all aspects of cultures worthy of study) o example: Feminist studies, history, philosophy, literary theory, film/ video, media theory, political economy, etc. more interested in texts embedded in social matrix o has consequences examines social, institutional, which meaning produced and received interactions between spectators, institutions, and overall culture III. AMERICAN HORROR FILM: BIRTH Edison studies of Frankenstein (1910) - Charles Ogle Public: repulsive and shocking horror genre shut down until 1923 o Phantom of the Opera o Hunchback of Notre Dame o BOTH BY UNIVERSAL STUDIOS WWI: advancement of medicine o wounded coming home o mutiles de guerre: confront horrors of war 1920: Lon Chaney (actor) o man of 1,000 faces o character Blizzard in movie o represented vets coming home (no legs) brought German Expressionist films (style for horror) o Karl Freund (1890 - 1969) first to emigrate from Germany (jewish) during WWII o Frankenstein (1931) influenced German Expressionism until WWII III. EXAMPLES "I am a fugitive from Chain Gang" o convicted of minor crime o 6-10 years jail sentence o forced govt. to change gang system Raiders of the Lost Ark (1980s) o world was america's playground o we could go anywhere and take what we want o colonialist narrative Dark Knight Rises o wall street movement END OF NOTES
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