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SPEA-V 161 Week 1 Class Notes

by: Jessica

SPEA-V 161 Week 1 Class Notes SPEA-V160

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1) Policy Analysis Thomas R. Dye: Understanding Public Policy, Ch. 1: Policy Analysis. 2) Models of Politics Thomas R. Dye: Understanding Public Policy, Ch. 2: Models of Politics
National and International Policy
Professor Christine Glaser
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica on Saturday July 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SPEA-V160 at Indiana University taught by Professor Christine Glaser in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.


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Date Created: 07/16/16
01/14/2016 ▯ SPEA-V 160 ▯ DEFINED: Public policy is defined as what govs choose to do or choose NOT to do  Public policy includes: o Constitution o Statutes o Agency decisions o What gov chooses not to do o Regulation o Provide goods and services o Taxation o Provides legal framework and a judiciary (case law) o Provides processes for electing govs ▯ Political Science Studies:  Gov institutions (provide legal authority to govern) o Federalism (like the U.S.) o Separation of powers (how they control each other) o Role of president, congress, senate o Role of courts  Political processes o Campaigns/ elections o Voting, lobbying, legislation  Public Policy o Description of policies o Explanation of their causes o Consequences What can be learned from Policy Analysis?  Study of Public Policy (Policy Analysis) o Involves many disciplines besides political science ▯ Why does gov get involved?  In other words, why does it create policies? o Shifts in political climate? (time is ripe in society and in political parties to take on an issue)  EX:  Civil Rights Movement leading to federal legislation  Environmental Movement and Earth Day in early 70’s o Moral and Ethical Reasons (something is the right thing to do)  EX:  Chancellor Merkel opening German borders to refugees o Market Failures  Monopolies (one business that dominates the market have too much power, ruins the idea of free market/ Ex: cable services, electric service) and Oligopolies with too much power  Externalities (Positive or Negative)  Education  Burning coal (creates emission of mercury and SO2 people can become ill company that burns coal and provides electricity is not coming up with money for the people who are getting sick from exposure consequences of electricity (electricity price does not reflect the cost of everything considering they don’t include paying for people’s illnesses)  Information Failure (incomplete info limited capacity to be well informed gov steps in with labels, regulations on products, etc.)  Regulation of medical drugs  Nutrition- food safety  Public Goods (collective goods)  Difference between private and public goods (exclusion, joint consumption) ▯ Why Study Public Policy?  Members of Congress, President…  Government agencies  Scholars o Non-profit agencies working in the public interest (advocacy groups) o Profit and non-profit agencies working for private interest (advocacy groups) o Citizen lobbies ▯ Policy analysts…  Dissect problems and possible solutions  Show how certain goals can be accomplished effectively and efficiently  Point out inconsistencies (case of tobacco.. we tax them, but we promote growing of tobacco in agriculture)  THEY DO NOT PICK GOALS THEMSELVES ▯ ▯ 01/19/2016 ▯ 1/14 In class assignment:  banned research on gun violence o Why is this policy? policy b/c decides what entity (government) does or does not do o Describe: 1996 Dickey amendment to funding CDC: funds cannot be used to advocate or promote gun control/ after sandy gook shooting Obama says do research on gun violence o Causes/Context of Policy: 1993 CDC found that homes with firearms are at increased risk of homicides/ NRA lobbied for shutdown of CDC, claiming CDC was lobbying for gun control/ Sandy Hook  called for stricter gun control o Consequences of Policy: research on firearm related injuries has come to halt in past 20 yrs, since it was funded by CDC/ other institutions stop funding research too/ questions about whether current gun control laws are effective are not researched/ questions of how injuries from firearms can be reduced and prevented are not researched/ policy makers lack scientific basis for crafting legislation that would reduce injuries to firearms/ NRA & advocates can continue to make claims about benefits of guns without verification/ gun control advocates likewise lack knowledge and research ▯ Models of Politics:  Models that can be used to understand how/why public policy comes about  Provides simplified versions of reality  Should help us identify what is significant (direct our thinking to the real causes and consequences of public policy  Simplify and bring order to analysts thinking  Congruent with reality  Facilitate communication about policy (because of shared understanding about the meaning of important concepts  Refer to variable s and interrelations between variables tach can be observed measured,  F ▯ PROCESS MODEL: policy as political activity  All policy goes through o Prob identification o Agenda setting o Formulation- writing out exactly what you want o Legitimation- presented to people who can actually make a decision about it o Implementation o Evaluation o PHASES CAN OVERLAP  What insights can be gained from applying the process model to banning research on gun violence? o ▯ ▯


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