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PSY 101 Week 6 Notes

by: Shale Brenner

PSY 101 Week 6 Notes PSY 101

Shale Brenner
GPA 3.7
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About this Document

Social Behaviors/Mental Disorders Notes
Introduction to Psychology
Heather Cate
Class Notes
social, behaviors, mental, disorders




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shale Brenner on Monday July 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 101 at Arizona State University taught by Heather Cate in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychology at Arizona State University.


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Date Created: 07/18/16
Social Behaviors/Mental Disorders 1. In bystander intervention, there are steps that individuals need to take in order to determine if they will help others or not. What are they? And define them in your own words. 1. Attention: Noticing the situation 2. Appraisal: Is the situation an emergency? 3. Social Role: Is it your responsibility to help? Are there others around you? 4. Taking Action: Deciding to help in the situation 2. When are bystanders most likely to fulfill these steps and help others? When are they least likely?  Most Likely:  When the person appears in need of necessary assistance  If the person is a woman, or is similar to us in some way  If the person is in a small town or rural area  If we are in a good mood 3. Define in your own words the following terms. -Utilitarianism: Trying to find the best solution for the greatest number of individuals -Social Responsibility: We are depended upon to do the right thing and to take the initiative while with others -Social Exchange: If the payoff is high, then the risk will be less of a cost (reduced guilt versus inconveniencing oneself) -Reciprocity: We give back to those who have helped us, we no longer owe them 4. There are three components that get altered by the definition of a psychological disorder. What are they? What does “dysfunction” mean? 1. Emotions: How someone feels 2. Cognitions: How someone thinks 3. Behaviors: How someone acts -Dysfunction: Behaviors that interfere with one’s daily life negatively 5. Explain, in your words, what the biopsychosocial approach is used for. What is its purpose? What is the message it is trying to get across?  The purpose is to try to come to a conclusion on what types of factors cause psychological disorders instead of only examining biological, social, or psychological factors. The disorders are complex with multiple possible causes from multiple categories. 6. Jimmy has always had an extreme fear of trees. He doesn’t like to go near them, so he avoids them at all cost. However, he still goes to work every day and maintains steady relationships. Is this considered a psychological disorder? Why or why not?  It is not a psychological disorder because it doesn’t affect his life daily in a negative way.  More of a phobia than a disorder.


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