Notes for Weiss Final
Notes for Weiss Final spmt 302
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Smith on Tuesday July 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to spmt 302 at George Mason University taught by Dr. Jim in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro sport management in Sport management at George Mason University.
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Date Created: 07/19/16
Topics we need to know How humans interact and how the brain works 4 Human Weaknesses that disrupt learning are 1. Cognitive Dissonance - Rejection of new information that contradicts prior knowledge which profession takes advantage (magicians), illusions that lead to errors in judgment, control -> tendency in humans to believe they can control or influence outcomes, Optical -> seeing things incorrectly 2. Cognitive bias - systematic deviations from good rational, if someone is called upon to learn something which contradicts 3. Cognitive Blindness - Illusions that lead to erroneous judgement. Examples Big Brother government; Clustering (seeing patterns where they don’t exist) Ponzi (believing the corrupt are actually honest) what they already think they know, particularly if they are committed to that prior knowledge 4. Ego Defences - protecting one’s sense of self through defense mechanisms ex. Projection, compensation, rationalization,denial, defence mechanisms, aggression, flight away from danger Assumptions : accepted as true or certain to happen without proof Amygdala: emotional brain located in frontal cortex, responsible for fight or flight reaction Always unpack assumptions, think out loud and ask questions to get to the root cause of unsupported beliefs These 4 dont let us change our mental models SUMMARY: we either go left towards denial, stay in the middle towards dissonance(make up shit), or go right towards confirmation bias. EMOTIONAL MIND (LEFT) WISE MIND (MIDDLE) REASONABLE MIND (RIGHT) What can we do about it, Assumptions ( accept as true without proof) (belief, guess) Solution: define everthing you know as conditional, detach yourself from your belief, stress test your belief, Dont defend them ( slow down your reflexes), think and converse SOCIALISM: “we the people” people have shared wealth Communism: no private property, sharing of everything idealistic in theory but in most examples throught history has evolved into a fightening kaos. - Russia, China, geb Fascism: wealth control the country ( corp + govt = rule ) ex. Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini Capitalism: USA free market -How important a cultural perspective is in today's management of sports what is required to be a good manager - How Geert Hofstede and his Cultural Dimensions of National Cultures can help us in Sport Management Cultural Competency is need for cross-cultural success as a manager. Avoid Ethnocentrism (evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one's own culture..viewing one’s own cultural practices as the only correct/natural way.) Understand basic etiquette can very drastically in different cultures. (greetings, eating, gifts etc.) Iceberg theory Hofstede’s Dimensions of Cultural Differences 1. Power Distance - Questioning of authority, do different levels of power communicate openly and work close together? Example Russia: high pd and Sweden: low pd 2. Time Orientation - Long term v.s. Short term view 3. Uncertainty Avoidance - A society’s tolerance for uncertainty and risk ex. Japan high avoidance v.s. Sweden low. High UA = a lot of rules and regulations, bureaucracy. 4. Masculinity v.s. Femininity How rigid the gender roles are in a given culture 5. Individualism v.s Collectivism - USA high! Culture ^Assumptions → Behavior --> Results Culture Shock: result of being introduced to a new culture with a lack of cultural competency/awareness - The regional and global intricacies and issues that we covered as we studied sport and human behavior around the world Sectarianism Catholic (Celtics) v.s. Protestant (Rangers) -The match between these two is called The Old Firm and plays a large role in the sectarianism in Glasgow. Rangers first major signing of a catholic player wasn’t until 1989, Maurice Johnston. - How Soccer can explain EVERYTHING! Why is Barcelona so important? Long standing rivalry with Real Madrid -El Classico. Represents the rivalry between Catalonia and Castile Catalonia - made into outcast for cultural differences great with adopting foreigners and those from different cultures, history of being great tradesmen. Essential to Spanish economy and not permitted to recede from Spain.- The political, economic, geographical, and social relationships within each global region we covered. Se No advertisements, turn on insufficient enthusiasm, fire coaches that adopts utilitatiran tactics, only wants romance over victory, stadiums filled with child/women, immigrants, redeems nationalism, barca shows that you can love a country, without wanting dominacne over others, created in 1899 (swiss, english), trading city, industrial giant, middle of medditereanean, Seny = instinct towards going along, pragmatism + Canniness Rauxa = tendency towards violent outbust Hristo Stoichkov, believed barca should play for cause over money. Race, Gender, and Age: the first characteristics and subconscious biases we focus on when evaluating people…. All done to defend ourselves. How does the brain play tricks on us? - takes a look at our innermost fears and emotions Learning is modifying or changing mental models based on new experiences American Exceptionalism GERMANY LOST WAR: 4 sectors (usa, france, GBR, USSR) Communism came down when churches in lietsh were fed-up, in 1989 east germans escaped through poland-hungry-austria, beggining of end of communism HELMUT KLOFEISH, german, HERTH FAN, Wall rose in 1961, fell in 1990 DYNAMO, least loved club in europe at time, most succesfull, 79- 88, created after the war with aim of keeping east germany league title in capital, Erich Mielke was president of club and chief of Stasi, ERICH honacher, leader of GDR (east germany) Stuck on east side of german because of wall, restricted from crossing by stasi (german police) STASI, east german secret police, combined communism with neo-nazism, worked towards keeping germans in their sides of germany Soccer explains both germanys by categorizing them in their respective sides. The fans long to connect and love the most peaceful game because its all thats left for them to love after the war. It is a battle within a battle that doesn't result in death. The west side being rich and the east being powerful fighting to gain trust and order within their sides. ALAN GARRISON, jewish, CHELSEA headhunter hooligan 1960s-80s started in 1963(hooliganism) Globalization + Chelsea, gentrification, cosmopolitan, foreign lineup, Combat 18, right extremism (conservative), like to show superiority, ethnocentrism. ARKAN-DRAZA Red star biggest club in serbia, violent fans, gangs through intimidation, Arkan biggest warlord, gangester, broke out of prison, 1986 helped milosevic before being taken down by him, in charge of crowd control, appointed as center, changed name to delije, killed thousands, looked as hero, bought oblic club, threatened other teams Croatia,slovania wanted independence from serbia/war, serbia inflicted fear on croatia Draza, leader of red star (ultrabad boys) 1990, fan club played pivotal role in revival of serbian nationalism, patizan are their begrade rivals, 3 finger salute (holy trinity, serb belief that they are most authentic) Economic deprivation and displaement are obvious explanations (susan faludi) talked about men who wanted to resurect masculinity Croatia elects unltranationalist tudjman, partizan belgrade president, uses ustachions as symbol of croatfascist who worked with nazis against serbs, Serbia vs croats “hidden history of WWII Tito ruled yugoslavia, demoted serbs in croation constitution Red star vs dynamoo, first time in 50 years they fought after soccer game, dynamo threw rocks, red star used shields OTTOMAN EMPIRE, 13th century Creation of football club, from asia-minor which is western turkey, then spread towards europe, Battle of kosovo 1389 Basketball in the balkans, Albania, serbia, masedonia, greece, GROWING EXPANDING ULTRAS Super fans, political ties, political muscles, violent, commercialization ITALY SOCCER Pierluigi collina (ref), 1960 started defensive strategy, limit goals, leads to pleading ref for help, 1999 roma bribes refs (watches), AGNELLI family, represent preglobalization, industrialists (sly,quiet) Country ran by christian democratic politicians and southern mafia Burlusconi, mogul, managed to operate at global stage, current moguls have harder time with money and influence, passes law granting him blanket immunity from prosecutions, no presistent for his conflict of interests Rivalry between juve vs milan created by politics Mario Sconcerti, (important through winning over media, Powerpoints on different section of the world Culture Matters - The key to cross cultural success is to develop an understanding of, and deep respect for cultural difference - Ethnocentrism: The universal tendency for any culture to see its own values and practices as natural and correct - Ethnocentric Behavior, US VS THEM or MY WAY IS BETTER THAN YOUR WAY ( greetings, punctuality, attire, business cards, yesnomaybe, language, gender roles, saving face, meals, ) - ICEBERG Theory: what you see (words, tonality, body language, gesture) What you don’t see(beliefs, values, biases, prejudices, experiences, fears, dreams, feelings) - Geert Hofstede's 5 Cultural Dimensions: Power distance, time orientation, masculinity/femininity, individualism/collectivism, uncertainty avoidance - Power Distance: all people (ceo,vp,dir,staff) working closely together -> low PD - Uncertainty avoidance: many rules, Regulations -> High UA - Individualism vs group: USA -> high score -> values individualism - Masculinity, femininity: - Long term vs short term: - Organizational culture: Behavior 3 levels: assumptions, values, artifacts Sport in North America - 1776 independence, sport began in 1870-1930, GB influence in world - USA on their own path, own identity, Exceptionalism ( no football,rugby,cricket) (american, baseball) - Unique Delivery System: All levels (pro and amateur, separation) - Event centric: not just a game - Championship centric, not league centric Sport in US - Very different than rest of world - Clear separation between amateurs and pros - Single league's, championship centric, many games, - Pro sports are run like businesses, Huge market and infrastructure Sport in NE asia - Common core: economic powers(25% of global GDP, total world=75 trillion) - Languages (Chinese characters), Confucianism: balance lifestyle, harmony,patience, Highly civilized societies, - COLONIALISM: opium wars, conflict between huge rivalries between big three countries nd - CHINA: 1.4 billion people, 2 largest econ (9 trillion GDP), Communist 1949- today, (martial arts, table tennis, popular, soccer, basketball, 30% participants in sport, 72% watch, 33% spend on clothes, 70% of all sportwear produces, Centralized sport government system, rd - JAPAN: 130 million people, 3 econ in world (6 trillion), (judo, karate, sumo) 2000 years old, baseball most popular sport, Mixed sport government system - South Korea: 48 million people - Sport = political instrument, Olympic medals=economic development, Sport in Europe - 56 countries, 3 time zones, 820 million people, 232 languages, 28 EU members - 1914, triple entente, central powers, neutral - 1949, creating the borders of all countries - 1945-1990 ( cold war, two models of sport) WEST: democratic, power sharing, free market econ, GOVT and NGOS, media growth, private finan EAST: commun, govt state control, govt fund, socialist themes, production belongs to commun - Pro and amateur leagues overlap - Promotion and relegation, large volunteer system - 1989 berlin wall fell, 1991 ussr nyet, 1992 balkan wars, rehab through sports, EU funded sport projects, Change from communist state controlled to free market system. - INCREDIBLE divers and culture rich, sport for all charter, different sport systems in eastern and western Europe between 1940-1990, huge difference between us and Europe, different club/cost structure for participants, sport business is blooming How Soccer Explains the world: gangster paradise - Where: bosnia-herzegovina, Serbia, Macedonia, Croatia, slovenia - Who: fans, public, supporters, Red star ultras, BAD BOYS - WHY: 1940 WWII, SOVIET union pushing against the west, Germany standing on the other side - Create hooliganism, South ASIA - 0 developed countries ( >$ 10,000 per capita income) - 2 developing ( < 10,000) - 1 less developed (<5000) - 1.5 billion people, many ethnic groups (Buddhist,hindus, muslims, Christ), over 1000 language (india has 18 official), cradle of civilization, nuclear technologies, emerging econ force(paki,india) SE asia - 500 million, many ethnic groups (animism,budd,Taoism,Hinduism,islam,Christ), over 1000 language, Indian traders, kingdoms, european search (dutch, brit, span,port), STRAIT OF MALACCA, Oceania - 37 million, WHY IS SPORT SO INFLUENTIAL IN ASIA - Media,internet, 4.4billion in asia, strong traditions in sport, hosting events(2000 olympics, 2002 WC, 2010 hockey WC, 2010 commonwealth games) - Sport Development: Broad grassroots level, elite level, international recognition - WEST VS EAST: individual vs group, strategy vs social interest, rules or obligations to authority, commercialism vs thrift
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