New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Notes for Weiss Final

by: Lauren Smith

Notes for Weiss Final spmt 302

Lauren Smith

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

study help
Intro sport management
Dr. Jim
Class Notes
global, perspective, Sport
25 ?




Popular in Intro sport management

Popular in Sport management

This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Smith on Tuesday July 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to spmt 302 at George Mason University taught by Dr. Jim in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro sport management in Sport management at George Mason University.

Popular in Sport management


Reviews for Notes for Weiss Final


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 07/19/16
Topics we need to know How humans interact and how the brain works 4 Human Weaknesses that disrupt learning are 1. Cognitive Dissonance - Rejection of new information that contradicts prior knowledge which profession takes advantage (magicians), illusions that lead to errors in judgment, control -> tendency in humans to believe they can control or influence outcomes, Optical -> seeing things incorrectly 2. Cognitive bias - systematic deviations from good rational, if someone is called upon to learn something which contradicts 3. Cognitive Blindness - Illusions that lead to erroneous judgement. Examples Big Brother government; Clustering (seeing patterns where they don’t exist) Ponzi (believing the corrupt are actually honest) what they already think they know, particularly if they are committed to that prior knowledge 4. Ego Defences - protecting one’s sense of self through defense mechanisms ex. Projection, compensation, rationalization,denial, defence mechanisms, aggression, flight away from danger Assumptions : accepted as true or certain to happen without proof Amygdala: emotional brain located in frontal cortex, responsible for fight or flight reaction Always unpack assumptions, think out loud and ask questions to get to the root cause of unsupported beliefs  These 4 dont let us change our mental models  SUMMARY: we either go left towards denial, stay in the middle towards dissonance(make up shit), or go right towards confirmation bias.  EMOTIONAL MIND (LEFT) WISE MIND (MIDDLE) REASONABLE MIND (RIGHT)  What can we do about it, Assumptions ( accept as true without proof) (belief, guess)  Solution: define everthing you know as conditional, detach yourself from your belief, stress test your belief, Dont defend them ( slow down your reflexes), think and converse SOCIALISM: “we the people” people have shared wealth Communism: no private property, sharing of everything idealistic in theory but in most examples throught history has evolved into a fightening kaos. - Russia, China, geb Fascism: wealth control the country ( corp + govt = rule ) ex. Hitler, Stalin, Mussolini Capitalism: USA free market -How important a cultural perspective is in today's management of sports what is required to be a good manager - How Geert Hofstede and his Cultural Dimensions of National Cultures can help us in Sport Management Cultural Competency is need for cross-cultural success as a manager. Avoid Ethnocentrism (evaluation of other cultures according to preconceptions originating in the standards and customs of one's own culture..viewing one’s own cultural practices as the only correct/natural way.) Understand basic etiquette can very drastically in different cultures. (greetings, eating, gifts etc.) Iceberg theory Hofstede’s Dimensions of Cultural Differences 1. Power Distance - Questioning of authority, do different levels of power communicate openly and work close together? Example Russia: high pd and Sweden: low pd 2. Time Orientation - Long term v.s. Short term view 3. Uncertainty Avoidance - A society’s tolerance for uncertainty and risk ex. Japan high avoidance v.s. Sweden low. High UA = a lot of rules and regulations, bureaucracy. 4. Masculinity v.s. Femininity How rigid the gender roles are in a given culture 5. Individualism v.s Collectivism - USA high! Culture ^Assumptions → Behavior --> Results Culture Shock: result of being introduced to a new culture with a lack of cultural competency/awareness - The regional and global intricacies and issues that we covered as we studied sport and human behavior around the world Sectarianism Catholic (Celtics) v.s. Protestant (Rangers) -The match between these two is called The Old Firm and plays a large role in the sectarianism in Glasgow. Rangers first major signing of a catholic player wasn’t until 1989, Maurice Johnston. - How Soccer can explain EVERYTHING! Why is Barcelona so important? Long standing rivalry with Real Madrid -El Classico. Represents the rivalry between Catalonia and Castile Catalonia - made into outcast for cultural differences great with adopting foreigners and those from different cultures, history of being great tradesmen. Essential to Spanish economy and not permitted to recede from Spain.- The political, economic, geographical, and social relationships within each global region we covered. Se  No advertisements, turn on insufficient enthusiasm, fire coaches that adopts utilitatiran tactics, only wants romance over victory, stadiums filled with child/women, immigrants, redeems nationalism, barca shows that you can love a country, without wanting dominacne over others, created in 1899 (swiss, english), trading city, industrial giant, middle of medditereanean,  Seny = instinct towards going along, pragmatism + Canniness  Rauxa = tendency towards violent outbust  Hristo Stoichkov, believed barca should play for cause over money. Race, Gender, and Age: the first characteristics and subconscious biases we focus on when evaluating people…. All done to defend ourselves. How does the brain play tricks on us? - takes a look at our innermost fears and emotions Learning is modifying or changing mental models based on new experiences American Exceptionalism GERMANY LOST WAR: 4 sectors (usa, france, GBR, USSR)  Communism came down when churches in lietsh were fed-up, in 1989 east germans escaped through poland-hungry-austria, beggining of end of communism HELMUT KLOFEISH, german, HERTH FAN, Wall rose in 1961, fell in 1990  DYNAMO, least loved club in europe at time, most succesfull, 79- 88, created after the war with aim of keeping east germany league title in capital, Erich Mielke was president of club and chief of Stasi,  ERICH honacher, leader of GDR (east germany)  Stuck on east side of german because of wall, restricted from crossing by stasi (german police)  STASI, east german secret police, combined communism with neo-nazism, worked towards keeping germans in their sides of germany  Soccer explains both germanys by categorizing them in their respective sides. The fans long to connect and love the most peaceful game because its all thats left for them to love after the war. It is a battle within a battle that doesn't result in death. The west side being rich and the east being powerful fighting to gain trust and order within their sides. ALAN GARRISON, jewish, CHELSEA headhunter hooligan 1960s-80s  started in 1963(hooliganism)  Globalization + Chelsea, gentrification, cosmopolitan, foreign lineup, Combat 18, right extremism (conservative), like to show superiority, ethnocentrism. ARKAN-DRAZA  Red star biggest club in serbia, violent fans, gangs through intimidation,  Arkan biggest warlord, gangester, broke out of prison, 1986 helped milosevic before being taken down by him, in charge of crowd control, appointed as center, changed name to delije, killed thousands, looked as hero, bought oblic club, threatened other teams  Croatia,slovania wanted independence from serbia/war, serbia inflicted fear on croatia  Draza, leader of red star (ultrabad boys)  1990, fan club played pivotal role in revival of serbian nationalism, patizan are their begrade rivals, 3 finger salute (holy trinity, serb belief that they are most authentic)  Economic deprivation and displaement are obvious explanations (susan faludi) talked about men who wanted to resurect masculinity  Croatia elects unltranationalist tudjman, partizan belgrade president, uses ustachions as symbol of croatfascist who worked with nazis against serbs,  Serbia vs croats “hidden history of WWII  Tito ruled yugoslavia, demoted serbs in croation constitution  Red star vs dynamoo, first time in 50 years they fought after soccer game, dynamo threw rocks, red star used shields OTTOMAN EMPIRE, 13th century  Creation of football club, from asia-minor which is western turkey, then spread towards europe,  Battle of kosovo 1389  Basketball in the balkans, Albania, serbia, masedonia, greece, GROWING EXPANDING ULTRAS  Super fans, political ties, political muscles, violent, commercialization ITALY SOCCER  Pierluigi collina (ref),  1960 started defensive strategy, limit goals, leads to pleading ref for help, 1999 roma bribes refs (watches),  AGNELLI family, represent preglobalization, industrialists (sly,quiet)  Country ran by christian democratic politicians and southern mafia  Burlusconi, mogul, managed to operate at global stage, current moguls have harder time with money and influence, passes law granting him blanket immunity from prosecutions, no presistent for his conflict of interests  Rivalry between juve vs milan created by politics  Mario Sconcerti, (important through winning over media, Powerpoints on different section of the world Culture Matters - The key to cross cultural success is to develop an understanding of, and deep respect for cultural difference - Ethnocentrism: The universal tendency for any culture to see its own values and practices as natural and correct - Ethnocentric Behavior, US VS THEM or MY WAY IS BETTER THAN YOUR WAY ( greetings, punctuality, attire, business cards, yesnomaybe, language, gender roles, saving face, meals, ) - ICEBERG Theory: what you see (words, tonality, body language, gesture) What you don’t see(beliefs, values, biases, prejudices, experiences, fears, dreams, feelings) - Geert Hofstede's 5 Cultural Dimensions: Power distance, time orientation, masculinity/femininity, individualism/collectivism, uncertainty avoidance - Power Distance: all people (ceo,vp,dir,staff) working closely together -> low PD - Uncertainty avoidance: many rules, Regulations -> High UA - Individualism vs group: USA -> high score -> values individualism - Masculinity, femininity: - Long term vs short term: - Organizational culture: Behavior 3 levels: assumptions, values, artifacts Sport in North America - 1776 independence, sport began in 1870-1930, GB influence in world - USA on their own path, own identity, Exceptionalism ( no football,rugby,cricket) (american, baseball) - Unique Delivery System: All levels (pro and amateur, separation) - Event centric: not just a game - Championship centric, not league centric Sport in US - Very different than rest of world - Clear separation between amateurs and pros - Single league's, championship centric, many games, - Pro sports are run like businesses, Huge market and infrastructure Sport in NE asia - Common core: economic powers(25% of global GDP, total world=75 trillion) - Languages (Chinese characters), Confucianism: balance lifestyle, harmony,patience, Highly civilized societies, - COLONIALISM: opium wars, conflict between huge rivalries between big three countries nd - CHINA: 1.4 billion people, 2 largest econ (9 trillion GDP), Communist 1949- today, (martial arts, table tennis, popular, soccer, basketball, 30% participants in sport, 72% watch, 33% spend on clothes, 70% of all sportwear produces, Centralized sport government system, rd - JAPAN: 130 million people, 3 econ in world (6 trillion), (judo, karate, sumo) 2000 years old, baseball most popular sport, Mixed sport government system - South Korea: 48 million people - Sport = political instrument, Olympic medals=economic development, Sport in Europe - 56 countries, 3 time zones, 820 million people, 232 languages, 28 EU members - 1914, triple entente, central powers, neutral - 1949, creating the borders of all countries - 1945-1990 ( cold war, two models of sport) WEST: democratic, power sharing, free market econ, GOVT and NGOS, media growth, private finan EAST: commun, govt state control, govt fund, socialist themes, production belongs to commun - Pro and amateur leagues overlap - Promotion and relegation, large volunteer system - 1989 berlin wall fell, 1991 ussr nyet, 1992 balkan wars, rehab through sports, EU funded sport projects, Change from communist state controlled to free market system. - INCREDIBLE divers and culture rich, sport for all charter, different sport systems in eastern and western Europe between 1940-1990, huge difference between us and Europe, different club/cost structure for participants, sport business is blooming How Soccer Explains the world: gangster paradise - Where: bosnia-herzegovina, Serbia, Macedonia, Croatia, slovenia - Who: fans, public, supporters, Red star ultras, BAD BOYS - WHY: 1940 WWII, SOVIET union pushing against the west, Germany standing on the other side - Create hooliganism, South ASIA - 0 developed countries ( >$ 10,000 per capita income) - 2 developing ( < 10,000) - 1 less developed (<5000) - 1.5 billion people, many ethnic groups (Buddhist,hindus, muslims, Christ), over 1000 language (india has 18 official), cradle of civilization, nuclear technologies, emerging econ force(paki,india) SE asia - 500 million, many ethnic groups (animism,budd,Taoism,Hinduism,islam,Christ), over 1000 language, Indian traders, kingdoms, european search (dutch, brit, span,port), STRAIT OF MALACCA, Oceania - 37 million, WHY IS SPORT SO INFLUENTIAL IN ASIA - Media,internet, 4.4billion in asia, strong traditions in sport, hosting events(2000 olympics, 2002 WC, 2010 hockey WC, 2010 commonwealth games) - Sport Development: Broad grassroots level, elite level, international recognition - WEST VS EAST: individual vs group, strategy vs social interest, rules or obligations to authority, commercialism vs thrift


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Anthony Lee UC Santa Barbara

"I bought an awesome study guide, which helped me get an A in my Math 34B class this quarter!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.