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Chemistry Acids and Bases

by: Ali Notetaker

Chemistry Acids and Bases

Marketplace > Iowa State University > > Chemistry Acids and Bases
Ali Notetaker
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Basic Chemistry notes of Acids and Bases
Class Notes
Chemistry, acids, bases




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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ali Notetaker on Tuesday July 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Iowa State University taught by in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.

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Date Created: 07/19/16
: 7.3 Notes mm if exothermic + sH= -393.6141mg Nzg 2mHz (g) heat K= . 0569 1) If 1 add more Nz gas , TP t Shift right =¥t£ 2) If1 removed Shift Kp )t3Hzcg)= : Hz , left, (P)(D#D3 3) WV PP , shift Ⱦ If the Collide more Shift to side WI least of mob , amount = ȼ 4) T Temp PP , shift 1<=10.1 = 502cg ) + Clzcgj 502 Clzcg ) sH= +33.5141mg latm latm latm kp = Q= I k= 10.1 , Shift Right (Pso=) (Psoz )( PCID What total P @ equilibrium ? 502 Clz 7 SOZCK 10.1 = (1+4 =# ( HXI -A §+#~ 1- 10.1 l- 1- × × Hx ( 2x+x2)= ltx) 10.1- 20.2×+10.1×2 = Itx 9.1-21.2×+10.1×2=0 0602¥ z , .z±j44f44T49l° 0.1) ⾨ 398 -398 , , 1.602=2.404+51 . e d i f l u s i d n o b r a c f o n o i t a r t . s e s a e r c n i m e t s y 4) When the volume of the following mixture of gases is increased, what will be the effect on the equilibrium position? 4HCl(g) + O2(g)↔ 2H 2(g) + 2Cl2(g) 5) Predict the effect of decreasing the volume of the container for each equilibrium. (a) 2H 2(g) + N 2g)↔ 2H 2g) + 2NO(g) (b) SiO 2s) + 4HF(g)↔ SiF4(g) + 22 O(g) (c) CO(g) + H 2g) ↔ C(s) + 2 O(g) 6) Predict the effect of decreasing the temperature on the position of the following equilibria. H ) a ( 2(g) + 2l (↔) 2HCl(g) + 49.7 kJ H N 2 ) b ( (g)↔ N (g) + 3H (g) ∆ H = 37.2 kJ 3 2 2 (c) CO(g) + H 2(g) ↔ CO 2g) + H 2g) ∆ H = -27.6 kJ O f o n o i t a r t n e c n o c n i e s a e r c O f o n o i t a r t n e c n o c n i e s a e r c HCH e) = + ' zcoocaq )+HzOc Hzotcaq ) CHZCOO caq ) Ktl E- 5 .8 9 [HCH £00 ] lKa=thanCH±ooImore reactants HCI = hydrochloric Acid HCIOZ = Acid CChloric acid Hao } = 7.4 Nmmes Pogil 1 main Ideas : ' HBR bromide Hydrobnmic Acid HBR 04 perbnmate Perbromic Acid * ones wl per . or Only HBR bromate Bwmic Acid - ( Can Occur 03 hypo only HBROZ bromine Bromous Acid WI Halides Cl , ,I,F ) HBRO hypobwmite Hypobnmous Acid : Pogil 2 ' HCI + HZO = Hzot + C 1 Acid ( . COhj . base onj base acid * HCI is the acid bc there is an H infrontsbk it 1 donates an Htion . gives Mmr Bronstad Lowry Delfin . ' Hzott Cl = HCI + HZO "ni Acid base CF'd Base ' NH + -- NH + OH * now as } HZO 4 HZO acting base COMA CYfkse : Base Acid .cid amorpnic Changes the way it acts Water : endothermic ZHz0( e) = H3O+caq ) + OHTAQ ) Kw=[ ] [0+5] Hzot KW = I E -14 - [ ph= log Hzo - = - ' - POH log [OH ]_Pht±eH= 14 10g [ IEH ]= 14 ' AS add heat , Ph W Poh 9 Even though [Hzot ][OH ] remain equal you hot water . acidic Coldwater = basic , Hclcaqst Hzoce) -- Hzotcaq ) + Cltaq ) 1<=10,000 1.01 E 0 = . 01.101 x-±=±e =o 2 Ph= log[ .OD 10,000 =[¥][O# [ 01-x] -10,000+-5×-4400×1 ) X2+ 10,000×-100 Kail .8t-5 CH3C00Hcaq)+ HZO = Hzotcaq ) TCHZCOOHTAQ , Ni x tx 1.01 . IJEJ ( 01- ) 1.8E -5=1 - × =×2 (-01-x) 1.8E- 1 .8E-5×=×2 ⾨-= ×= -1.8E . - ) X= -000415 -51=7%55-(4 =#. t.SE = -00041] = 3.38 1.8 DH=log[ ' NHZT HzO=N04ttO0 kb=t8E F-I .21x 10.21 × X 1.8-15= ×421x 1.8£.at =×2 3.7Eh-1 .8E5×=2 ×2t18E-3.E-6 ×= -1.8€ =.001935 .tt#sL4T.7TEx - logoH=1]4 2.71 14-2.71=11.296 ' +Hz0= H0O++ D ka= ¥398 .08398 .03002 www ¥ 4 .1 02 2.4logx] ×=00389


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