Week 1 ANTH 21
Popular in Intro to Biological Anthropology
Popular in Biology/Anthropology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Notetaker on Wednesday July 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 21 at Pennsylvania State University taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Intro to Biological Anthropology in Biology/Anthropology at Pennsylvania State University.
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Date Created: 07/20/16
What is Anthropology? Anthropos: ‘humankind’ Biology is very similar to other animals: Eat like other animals and have similar body functions Share vast majority of our genes with animals Common anatomy and physiology Human capacity for culture: Learned behavior transmitted from person to person: customs, religion, kinship, language, food, marriage, politics For ﬁelds of anthropology 1. Cultural Anthropology Study of cultures and societies of human beings 2. Archaeolgoy study of past societies and their cultures 3. Linguistic Anthropology study of language, how it is structured and evolution 4. Physical Anthropology also called biology - study of human evolution, past and current Asses variation and use the comparative method Evolution Cultural and Biological Adaption Advantageous changes and cultural d biological Biological Anthropology: Study of human biological evolution and bicultural variation Anthropology Paradox: Unique human capacity for culture and complex behavior Ability evolved following the same biological principles that affect other organisms Anthropology is a science Scientiﬁc method: Data: Empirical observations or evidence of a phenomenon Hypothesis: testable statement concerning a natural phenomenon, veriﬁed by consistency with data Darwin’s hypothesis of human bipedalism (walking on 2 feet) ?: why do humans walk on two feet? hypothesis: human began walking on 2 legs when they left the trees of travel on the savanna, needed to carry tools for protection Prediction 1: earliest human bipedal fossils found in the savanna Prediction 2: earliest bipeds found in association with stone tools Hypothesis tested it fossils: Evidence: bipedalism one of the earliest human characteristics
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