Visual Culture and Literacy, Week 15
Visual Culture and Literacy, Week 15 FACS 150
Popular in Visual Culture and Literacy I
Popular in Art History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carole Boulware on Wednesday July 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FACS 150 at University of Southern California taught by Erin Silver in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Visual Culture and Literacy I in Art History at University of Southern California.
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Date Created: 07/20/16
Development of multiple perspective Analytic cubism Picasso and Braque Dissecting forms - viewer puts together forms for themselves 'analyzing forms' and visual vocabulary Georges Braque "The Portuguese" 1911 Matisse named cubism by describing it as "painted with little cubes" Portuguese musician Dynamic interaction with the space around it Monochrome tones - focus on form rather than color Figure is 'hinted' at Viewer must work to retrieve forms - 'clues' Large intersecting planes Stenciled letters - adds to works complexity, flattens the canvas Robert Delaunay "Champs de Mars" 1911 Brings color into cubism Orphism Expresses emotion Fragmentation - violent chops/cuts Synthetic cubism moving away from focus on form, complete abstraction Pablo Picasso "Still life with Chair Caning" 1911-1912 Significance of collage Oilcloth with lithograph, framed with rope (representation of object) "more real than the actual objects" "JOU" heading of newspaper - could mean "game" in french Georges Braque "Fruit Dish and Cards" 1913 Abstracted still life Wood grain and paper - sense of dimensionality, or as flattening *No sense of conventional perspective Contradiction of perspective of table - placed vertically Shading - emphasize the flatness of some surfaces, but transparency too Optical illusions Structuralism - linguistic & science de Saussure - object that stands in or represents a sign (ex. Text) Pablo Picasso "Guitar" 1912 Considerations around space - makes space one of sculptures materials Sense of external surface Impact of cubism - social and political Revolutionary and subversive - attacks on traditions and artistic conventions Economic upheaval - producing social critiques Equated with anarchism and revolutionism and distain for tradition (France) Futurism - Italy "Le Futurisme" in Le Figaro 1909 Not only artistic that is also political - promotion of war Marinetti gave it its name - began as literary movement Advocating revolution in society & art Doing away with the past - progression Essential for propaganda of advant garde Mass production Views of beauty and aesthetics Viewed museums and libraries as "places of the dead" Notions of speed, dynamism Edweard Muybridge "The Horse in Motion" 1878 Focus on motion/speed Background movements - symbolism, cubism Photo-dynamism Giacomo Balla "Dynamism of a dog on a leash" 1912 Conveying motion through repetition of shapes Influence of cubism Representation of different times - several views at once Photo-dynamism focuses on Synesthesia - one sense replaced with another Kinesthesia - breaking down of rest and motion Technology on canvas Condemnation of culture of the past - embrace of tech innovation (warfare) Umberto Boccioni "Unique forms of Continuity in Space" 1913 Convey sensation of motion Not focused on the source itself Broken plane/contour Predated moving image (film) Glorification of war Gino Severini "Armored Train" 1915 Futurists belief in the cleansing power of war - no scenes of death Focus on technology, not people Joyous Contrast with Francisco Goya "The third of May" 1808 Focus on people, darker, gruesome Fascism in Italy linked condemnation of past and necessity of combining art and tech
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