Visual Culture and Literacy, Week 17
Visual Culture and Literacy, Week 17 FACS 150
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carole Boulware on Wednesday July 20, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FACS 150 at University of Southern California taught by Erin Silver in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Visual Culture and Literacy I in Art History at University of Southern California.
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Date Created: 07/20/16
sm Wednesday, October 21, 2015 8:02 AM "The Surrealist Painting" - 1925 first surrealist exhibitions Masson, Ray, Klee shown Characteristics of Surrealism Biomorphic life forms Automatism Dictation of thought without control of the mind Exquisite corpse Largely abstract Natural Surrealism Recognizable scenes, but as in a dream/nightmare Dali, Magritte - most well known images of surrealism Salvador Dalí - first seen as draftsman, older (dead) brother had the same name Experimented with cubism, expelled from school 1926 - goes to Paris, encounters with work by Picasso Examined the erotic - development of sexology Intention - "materialize the images of concrete irrationality" Salvador Dali "The Persistence of Memory" 1931 Don’t know where location is Time has ended Setting sun illuminating landscape Sleeping creature - represent artist himself - potenially in a dream state Ants swarming on watch, fly - death, morbidity, decay Contrast between rigidity and softness Critic Addes - "watches = relativity of space and time" Salvador Dali "Dream caused by the flight of a bee around a pomegranate a second before awakening" 1944 Hand painted dream photograph Woman is Dali's wife - could be Dali's dream or wife's dream Pomegranate = fertility, resurrection Bee = virgin Fish, tigers, rifle Elephant carrying obelisk - historical reference Reference an abrupt awakening "To express the first time in images… a dream that causes a person to wake up" Salvador Dali "The Great Masturbator" 1929 Egg = prenatal, intrauterine Distorted human face looking downward Figure coming out of the back of the head, close to male crotch, male has bleeding knees Locust = irrational fear of insects Three smaller figures below main subjects Conflicted feelings about sex Rene Magritte 1898-1967 Studied in Brussels 1926 started surrealist style, moved to Paris Rene Magritte "The Treachery (or Perfidy) of Images" 1928- 1929 Collection of objects that are placed into unusual contexts Optical illusion Representation of an object Calligram = typeface creates a visual image Undermine truth of the object Rene Magritte "The Human Condition" 1933 Challenge what we think we see in the real world Object to hide what lies behind them - common motif Rene Magritte "The Son of Man" 1964 Self portrait Psycho-analytic Left arm turned backwards at the elbow Always wanting to see what is hidden Surrealist Sculpture Meret Oppenheim "Objet (Le Dejeuner en fourrure)" 1936 Origin - conversation with Picasso Functionality Animalistic quality Readymade object made dysfunctional Seen as erotic - fur, concave form Quintessential object of surrealism Meret Oppenheim "My gouvernante - my nurse - Mein Kindermadchen" 1936 Femininity with meat Fetish becomes cliché in surrealist work Invited to participate in surrealist exhibitions Frida Kahlo - not technically surrealist Personal struggles exhibited in paintings Intentionally distanced herself from surrealism Recovering from bus accident "The Two Fridas" 1939 Two sides of personality Holding scissors and a child (Diego Rivera - husband) Joan Miro "Painting" 1933 Automatism Planned accident to revoke reactions in a subconscious Fantasy, hallucenation The picture asserts itself, suggest itself