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GEOG 203 12/03

by: Seleste Garcia

GEOG 203 12/03 GEOG 203

Seleste Garcia
Texas A&M

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Globalization of the Village
Peter Hugil
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Seleste Garcia on Friday July 22, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 203 at Texas A&M University taught by Peter Hugil in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Globalization of the Village in Geography at Texas A&M University.

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Date Created: 07/22/16
History of Europeans expansion in pacific  Spanish controlled seas of region 1500s to 1700s but never mapped it  Cook’s voyages (1770s) defined pacific region. He mapped from Australia to sandwich islands and on to pacific NW  Cooks second-in-command, Vancouver brings squadron home after cooks death, later explores pacific NW gave British some claim to Alaska & Cali coast  European commanders had very real probs maintaining discipline on long voyages from home into regions where indigenous pop had very diff attitudes to sexuality & private property  Region again”fought over” in later 1800s for telegraph routes  * Demographics  pop of region minimal  tfrs 2 largest states at european/n American levels  are 1.77 and 2.06 only bc of considerable increase in immigration  for NZ is great concern over declining pop and migration of old stock NZers to Britain & Australia  abonded “white Australia” policy for soame reason, tho more pop has meant less out migration  most migration into austrailia & NZ from reast of oceania  despite vast empty areas, Australia, NX most urbanized states on earth 14.18 populations  Convicts- most ppl transported for minor crimes like – in debt, young women having loose morals –hung for stealing  W Australia convict settled 1850-68  Pursued “white Australia” policy til 1960  * 14.20  British brought over mammals- dogs and rats-humans first mammals  furtur than Australia need more than boat  NZ and oceania settled much later by sophisticated seafaring polunesian cultures NZ flora & remnant of godwana – vegetation  Not like American- looks like alien  NZ broke off from gondwana very early before modern flora and fauna  Ferns dominated (Dubious) evolutionary strategies in NZ (or anywhere)  Birds are every where- flys to avoid predators  Maoris found giant birds up to 14 feet tall (moa) plus many smaller species (kiwi)  Last moa prob killed by Europeans- skeleton found & shows marks of steel NZ is geologically highly unstable  Earthquakes worse than cali  Fault moved over 1 ft. in 1750s causing earthquakes and tsunami, killing everyone Maori settlements highly fortified, well-defended  Maori & other Polynesian islanders politically sophisticated formidable warriors and sailors  Prone to inter-tribal warfare  British allied w/ tribes against maori wars, ended 1840  S Island & best ag lands of N Island ceded to Britain at treaty of Waitangi, 1840  Treaty of Waitangi- divided N & S  European diseases kills them pop down to 42,000 by 1896 Australian & (oceanian) ag  Grapes-*worlds best wine in Australia*  S Aust developed major wheat region before br repal of corn laws o Corn law-Heavy tariff on wheat- profitable to grow wheat in Ireland, when potatoe famine hits british backs off on tariffs  Suited to cane sugar in N,NZ to dairy farming  * Europeans intro new crops, domestic animals  s Island NZ deemed ideal for brititsh agric. Maoris gone  sheep on freeway


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