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Review of Chapters 22-26

by: AshleyPsch

Review of Chapters 22-26 History 1302

Marketplace > Dallas Baptist University > History > History 1302 > Review of Chapters 22 26

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About this Document

Includes key terms such as Black Codes, Credit Mobilier, and more. It also includes my answers to each question of both essays in bullet form.
History of U.S. Since 1865
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by AshleyPsch on Saturday July 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1302 at Dallas Baptist University taught by Mr.Kelm in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see History of U.S. Since 1865 in History at Dallas Baptist University.


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Date Created: 07/23/16
Ashley Green Chapters 22- Terms 1. Bl26k Codes were invented in 1865 by white southerners and land owners. They were invented In response to the passing of the 13th amendment which freed all blacks from slavery. Many slaves, however, searched to find their way as freedman back on the plantations working for their old masters. Masters used this and their bitterness toward the loss of the Civil War as an opportunity to limit black freedom in the south. This outraged northerners pushing the power from President Johnson to the radical Republicans of Congress during the Reconstruction Era. 2. Credit Mobilier was a construction company created by Thomas Durant who sought to seek more money by getting government contracts to build his own railroad. In his proposal he ensured big named congressmen that they'd receive a share of the money as well leading to the Credit Mobilier Scandal of 1872, taking down some of the Gilded Age's strongest leaders including the current vice president. This was also one of the many scandals under President Ulysses S. Grants presidency named "the Era of Good Stealings" despite his lack of involvement and know about. 3. Carl Schurz/ U.S.G were sent to the south after the end of the Civil War to report the attitude of the south to President Johnson in 1865. According to Grant, the south is compliant and even happy by Reconstruction. Schurz on the other hands reports a more bitter, revenge-seeking South who's not happy about the freeing of more than 4 million slaves and their way of life. Johnson relied more so on the easier to hear the report of USG turning a deaf ear to the trouble brewing in the south. 4. The Gospel of Wealth was originally an essay written by Andrew Carnegie in 1889. This had been in response to the new upper class of wealthy being created during the time of big business. He felt that it was God's plan for the rich to disperse their riches among the poor. This ideology allowed him to become one of the first American philanthropists. 5. The Standard Oil Company was created b John D. Rockefeller in 1870. He'd bought out all small oil companies or dropped his prices incomparably low until he was the sole controller of oil in the U.S and was responsible for more than 50% of the nations kerosine to foreign nations. This oil company gained the support of many corrupt politicians spurring the idea of trusts and monopolies during the Gilded Age. Many Americans feared and were angered by the monopolistic actions taken in the country and sought to find ways to bust trusts and Ashley Green end corruption. 6. The Interstate Commerce Act was created by Congress in 1887. It prohibited rebates or "free rides" on railroads and required them to publish rates. It also prevented discrimination against shippers in price inflation despite small or large size. This act also lead to the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission which enforced this new legislation. 1. American Federation of Labor was created in 1866 by Samuel Gompers made up of only the most skilled white male laborers. The federation operated like one with different areas of government that Samuel lead for four decades. The AF of L stood for the working man as it negotiated with employers for better wages, hours, and working conditions. 1. New Immigrants were those flooding In the U.S from southern and eastern Europe bringing with hem little experience in democracy but much culture. The huddled together in certain cities forming "Little Italy" and so on. They emerged in the 1880s, forming only 19% of American immigrants but grew to more than 66% by the early 1900s. 2. Populists were a party of farmers created out of the Farmers Alliance in the 1890's. The Populists Party a.k.a the "peoples party" were angry about the government focus more so on the eastern advancement of businessmen as opposed to the nations farmers. They sought a more nationalized government as well as the creation of a "subtreasury" that could give them government crop loans in exchange for crops until market became fair. They also as debtors sought for unlimited usage of silver. 3. Social Darwinism is the ideology of "survival of the fittest" spurred by Herbert Spencer and William Graham in response to Andrew Carnegie's Gospel of Wealth. Social Darwinism argued that the wealthy were destined to be so based on their natural talents. It also justified imperialism and superiority based usually on race. Essay  10%  1 of 2 topics presented 1. What were the major problems facing the South and the Nation after the Civil War? What were the proposed solutions? How did Reconstruction address them, or fail to do so? What was the purpose of congressional Reconstruction, and what were its actual effects in the Ashley Green South? What caused the end of Reconstruction? What did the North and South each gain from the Compromise of 1877? What is the legacy of Reconstruction? How does Reconstruction fit into the "big picture" of American history? 1A)Problems facing south and the nation after the Civil War 1. Getting South to join Union 2. South has been destroyed in every aspect (Political, Economic, Government, Social, Religious) 3. Presidents vs Congress "what to do with the South" 4. 13,14,15 Amendments and the treatment of Blacks(black codes, KKK, N.O Riots) 5. Women's Rights 1B) what were the proposed solutions? 6. 1863 Proclamation of Amnesty (Lincoln & Johnson's 10% Plan) 7. Wade Davis Bill(Congress) 8. 1C)How did Reconstruction address them, or fail to do so? 9. Wade Davis Bill gets south back into union 10.Military Reconstruction 11.Congressional Reconstruction 12.Congress Freedman's Bureau 13.Civil Rights Bill 14.Union League 1D) What was the purpose of Congressional Reconstruction, and what were its actual effects in the south? 15.To shift power from President Johnson to the Radical Republican Congress in terms of dealing with the south. This paved the way for the free blacks to not only utilized their new freedoms but to organize thus creating the Union League. Ashley Green 1E) what caused Reconstruction to end? 16.The Compromise of 1877 1F)What did the North and South each gain from the Compromise of 1877? 17.The North got a rep. pres. Rutherford B. Hayes 18.South got troops removed and more legislative control. 19.South also up to old antics (Jim Crow Laws, Steadfast Laws) 1G) What is the legacy of Reconstruction? 20.Reconstruction changed all of the America especially the South by emancipating slaves forcing all Americans both black and white to adjusts to these major changes and ways of life. This era brought forth the idea of equality and liberty for all and the question of how that idea can be enforced. 1H)How does Reconstruction fit into the "big picture" of U.S History? 21.Relationship between north and south post civil war 22.Era that freed A.A from bondage of slavery 23.Era of first assassinated president 24.Transition from agriculture to big business th 1 Discuss the period of industrial development that occurred in the latter 19 century. What is the “Industrial Revolution,” and what are its important ideas and defining characteristics? What are the major industries that advanced at this time? Who was involved? What were the effects on work/workers, the economy, society, and public policy? What were various reactions to the effects of industrial growth? How does industrialization fit into the "big picture" of American history? 2A)what is the I.R and what are its important ideas and defining characteristics?  The Industrial Revolution was the transition from agriculture to industry. It was also a change in how and where people worked and lived. Characteristics of the I.R include capitol, natural resources, labor, transportation, and laissez- Ashley Green faire. 2B)what were the major industries during the I.R?  Oil  Steel  Textile  Railroad  Cotton Mill  Coal Mines  Factories 2C)Who was involved  Eli Whitney  Andrew Carnegie  John D. Rockefeller  Thomas Edison  Alexander Graham Bell 2D)What were the effects on workers/work, the economy, society, and public policy?  sent people from farms to factories  Manipulated market by inflation  Bought out smaller competitors  Manipulated politics with corrupt businessmen  Division between rich and poor 2E)What were some of the various reactions to the effects of industry growth?  Gospel of Wealth  Social Darwinism Ashley Green 2F)How does the I.R fit into the "big picture" of American history?  It marks the transition from agriculture to industry  Shows the power of trusts/monopolies making Americans seek Free Enterprise Economy


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