The Nature of Art and Creativity
The Nature of Art and Creativity ARTS1101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Moriah Kemp on Saturday July 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARTS1101 at Chattahoochee Technical College taught by Julia Safer in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Art at Chattahoochee Technical College.
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Date Created: 07/23/16
Chapter 1 The Nature of Art and Creativity The ability to create is a special characteristic of humans. o Art as common experience • Janet Echelman, Her Secret Is Patience o Large, distinctive public artwork in Phoenix, Arizona o Inspired by saguaro cactus § Artistic creation as a two-way street What is art? o Generally refers to: Music Theater Literature Visual arts Including drawing, painting, sculpture, film, architecture, and design Communicates meaning beyond verbal exchange o Work of art: The visual expression of an idea or experience, formed with skill, through the use of a medium. o Medium: A particular material along with its accompanying technique (pl. media) o Medium: Chosen by artist to enforce the function of the work Echelman's use of flexible netting that responds to wind Traditional or modern materials o Mixed media: Describes art created with a combination of materials What is Creativity? o The ability to bring forth something new that has value Relevance or new way of thinking Not a novelty o Potential to influence future thought or action o Five traits that define creativity: 1. Associating 2. Questioning 3. Observing 4. Networking 5. Experimenting o Visual creativity: Use of imagery to communicate beyond words o Robin Rhode He Got Game Low-tech chalk drawing of a basketball hoop Artist imitates slow-motion photography and performs an impossible flip Prevalence of Ritual: Tidings Photomontage Suggests Christian Annunciation Romare Bearden, 1911–88 o Jazz Musical spacing and structure Relationship between color and melody o Memory African-American roots in his work Childhood in North Carolina Fascination with the idea of homecoming Trained and untrained artists o Training In the past, via apprenticeships Today, in art schools and/or colleges and universities Not always necessary o Folk artists Naïve or outsider artists with little or no formal training o Nuestro Pueblo (Our Town) Use of cast-off materials Towers built without power tools, rivets, welds, or bolts o Philadelphia Wireman Unknown creator, likely male More than a thousand-sized sculptures of small objects wrapped in wire o Retablo paintings in Mexico and the American Southwest Giving thanks to God o Children Intuitive sense of composition Depict world symbolically until about age 6 Begin to doubt creativity by age 9/10 Representational art: Depicts the appearance of things o Magritte's La Trahison des Images (Ceci N'est Pas une Pipe) Viewer may wonder "if it's not a pipe, what is it?" Answer: it is a painting. o Beldner's This is Definitely Not a Pipe Complicated relationship between art and reality Figurative art: When human form is the primary subject Subjects: Objects depicted in representational art Abstract o Works that have no reference at all to natural objects o Works that depict natural objects in simplified, distorted, or exaggerated ways May be obvious to viewer or may need a verbal clue o Common in many cultures o Chief's stool from Cameroon People representing the community that supports the chief § o Abstraction of a Cow van Doesburg's exploration of how far he could simplify a cow while still capturing its essence Nonrepresentational o Nonobjective or nonfigurative art o Presents visual forms with no specific references to anything outside themselves As in pure sound forms of music o Two-color pattern in Thomas's Gray Night Phenomenon Neither gray nor night-like Depicts a mood o Maori women's geometric tukutuku panels Rich and varied texture o Learning to "read" visual language "Real"-looking paintings in the French trompe l'oeil style, lit. "fool the eye" o A Smoke Backstage Looking o Implies taking in what is before us in a mechanical or goal-oriented way Seeing o More open, receptive, and focused o "Looking" with memories, imaginations, and feelings attached o Appreciation of a form beyond function o Edward Weston's Pepper #30 Quality of glowing light from a time exposure of over two hours Seemingly common object elevated to represent the artist's achievements Sense of wonder about the natural world o The process of seeing is different for every person every person. Form o Total effect of the combined visual qualities within a work o Includes materials, color, shape, line, and design o Seeing and responding to form The artist is the sender of the work's message. The viewer must receive and experience the work. Learning to respond to form Subject matter can interfere with perception of form. o Look at pictures upside down. Unfamiliar becomes fresh Georgia O'Keeffe's Jack-in-the-Pulpit Enlarged to 4 feet in height Focusing on only the flower Viewer takes time to observe an object that would normally be too small or be passed over Content o The message or meaning of a work of art o What the artist expresses to viewer Iconography: Subjects, symbols, and motifs used in an image to convey its meaning o Mother and child as Mary and baby Jesus o Not all works contain iconography. o The Virgin of Carmel Saving Souls in Purgatory Christian iconography Winged figures as angels God holding the orb of the world Holy Spirit as a dove Mary wearing crown Cross signifying Christ Scapular garment o Asian traditions Amida Buddha Long earlobes representing life as wealthy prince who wore heavy earrings Simple garment Hands folded in meditation Lotus flower - Symbolizes that enlightenment can come in the midst of life o Popular Culture Alexis Smith, Black 'n' Blue (for Howie Long) Howie Long, a defensive lineman in the NFL His most famous statement on an artist's palette with a photo of wrestlers and weapons
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