Psychology 260, Week 1 Chapter 1 Notes
Psychology 260, Week 1 Chapter 1 Notes PSY 260
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Notetaker on Sunday July 24, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 260 at University of Miami taught by Dr. Jill Kaplan in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see Personality Psychology in PYSCHOLOGY at University of Miami.
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Date Created: 07/24/16
Chapter 1 – Personality Psychology 08/24/2016 ▯ 3 BIG QUESTIONS (tie ancient philosophy to contemp. personality psych) WHO AM I? HOW DO PEOPLE DIFFER? WHAT IS MY FUTURE? ▯ Who am i? Origins o Socrates…interested only in self-knowledge Secondary realization o It is hard to know oneself o Unconscious influences Today o Implicit personality theory o Personality psychology ▯ How and why are people different? Origins o Characterology: the literary study of different personalities o Humoural Theory: the attempt to find biological bases for individual difference Developed by Hippocrates; Galen 4 types: Sanguine (even-tempered; blood; air) Choleric (irritable; yellow bile; fire) Melancholic (depressed; black bile; earth) Phlegmatic (low energy; phlegm; water) o Hans Eysenck Theory of Personality ▯ Contemporary o Assessment of personality o Mental measurement o The study of individual differences ▯ What will my future be? Origins o Since the ancient oracle at Delphi, people have wondered about their futures Contemporary o Personality psychology tells us Given characteristic, x How will x influence life outcomes ▯ Wundt’s Views: Psychology’s Job Wilhelm Wundt: Founder of experimental psychology The disciple of psychology studies various mental systems one by one o Sensation o Perception o Memory, etc. Analyzing Wundt’s Conception Personality is a sytem A system is a set of interrelated parts ▯ Definition of Personality Personality is the organized, developing system within the individual that represents the collective action of that individual’s major psychological subsystems ▯ The Molar Molecular Continium MOLAR (big) SOCIOLOGY PYSCHOLOGY BIOLOGY CHEMISTRY MOLECULAR (small) PHYSICS Sociological level: groups including or interacting with personality Psychological/symbolic level: internal personality, external situation Biological level: nervous system, situational elements Occupations Contributing to Personality Psych Professor teaching personality psych Pyscho-therapists interested in personality psych Human resource personnel studying job performance Researches in artificial intelligence Education psychologists studying learning styles Comparative biologists ▯ ▯ ▯
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