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by: Dayna Wallace


Marketplace > Towson University > Education > EDUC 203 > EDUC 203 LECTURE NOTES
Dayna Wallace
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About this Document

Notes I took from lectures and discussions throughout class meetings for EDUC 203 with Professor Whitehair.
Teaching in a Diverse Society
Eric Whitehair
Class Notes
Education, diversity, religion, sexism, racism, poverty, socialclass, patriarchy
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dayna Wallace on Monday July 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC 203 at Towson University taught by Eric Whitehair in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see Teaching in a Diverse Society in Education at Towson University.


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Date Created: 07/25/16
Diversity  Differences o Genetic v. Experience  Discrimination  Power and privilege: how you see the world and how the world sees you System of Oppression  Oppression: discriminations, denial of opportunity, inferiority o A system of oppression is a number of factors working together to limit the freedoms, opportunities and access to resources for a specific and defined group of people  System of privileged is opposite of system of oppression o Prejudice: forming a judgment formed about a person based on their membership in a group o Discrimination: withholding freedom, opportunities and resources because of membership or perceived membership in a group o Stereotype: prejudice image of a group o Race: socially defined category based on skin color o Ethnicity: cultural background o Sex: biological o Gender: social WHAT RACISM LOOKS LIKE -Everyday racism is usually subtle, but just as bad as what we think about when we think of racism -America: 75% white, 12% African American  Racism: a system of oppression based on race o Has to be enforced by social, economical, or political powers  Race: a relatively recent concept (500 years) that creates social categories for people based on superficial characteristics that are physical like skin color, hair color, etc. Socially constructed category based on skin color o Usually has social meaning EDUCATION & DRYG WAR STATS IN NOTES SEXISM AND PATRIARCHY  Sex and Gender o Sexism: system of oppression based on gender o Sex: what you’re born with biologically o Gender: something that culture made  sex and gender aren’t binary  What does the system of oppression of sexism look like? o Wage gap o Job opportunities o Political representation o Education: boys and girls are treated differently in the classroom & encouraged differently o Social expectations o Media portrayal o Objectification: existing and being seen as an object o Rape culture: normalizes sexual assault  Patriarchy o A social system where men are the primary authority figures in the central societal roles of (a) political leadership, (b) moral authority, and (c) control of property. In short, a system where men primarily hold power and influence. o Women in political leadership  0 presidents, under 20% of house of reps, 20% in senate, 6 governors  male dominate o Women in moral authority  10% of leadership, pastoral, or ministerial positions in protestant places of worship around the county. In many religious sects, they are barred form leadership positions altogether.  In the nonprofit world, which includes charitable organizations, political activists, and educational institutes, they only hold 21% of leadership positions, despite the fact that women make up 75% of nonprofit workers. o Women in control of property  Fortune 500; only 14 are run by women CEO’s  Women earn less than men over their lifetimes  Unintentional Oppression o Benevolent sexism: places higher standards for a specific group of people  Can become sexist because if someone doesn’t reach those standards, they will be seen as less than  Social impact of doing something bad will be worse for a women than a man because a women is suppose to act a certain way RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY IN AMERICA Problem when doing a religious census  How do we decide who associates with what and where?  The idea of drawing a distinction between religion and association with religion are hard to define o EX: one might say Mormons are Christian and another might say they’re not  World largest religion: Christianity. Largest religious institution: Catholic church; Second largest: Islam; Third Largest: “nonreligious” Religious Diversity In America  Christian (76%) ABRAHAMIC RELIGION o Includes all branches  Roman Catholic  Protestant  Evangelical  Eastern Orthodox  Other denominations as well o Believe that there is one God  Came to earth as Jesus Christ  Trinity: God comes in 3 forms o Christmas: celebrates the birth of Jesus; Easter: resurrection of Jesus  No religious affiliation (7%) o Include atheist, agnostics, humanists and the unaffiliated o The “nones”  Judaism (2%) ABRAHAMIC RELIGION o Includes the three largest traditions (reform, conservative, orthodox), reconstructionist and “cultural Judaism” o All modern Jews see themselves as genetic descendants of Abraham o Monotheistic o High holidays: Rosh Hashanah, Yom Kippur, Passover  Buddhist (1%) o Includes both major and subdivisions  Traditional branch: Theravada  Monks  Less Traditional (bigger): Mahayana  Muslim (1%) ABRAHAMIC RELIGION o Includes both major divisions as well as American Muslim groups (Nol etc.) o Includes Muslims in all major ethnic groups o Ramadan  All other religious groups o The largest are Hindu, Pagan, Native American, Sikh o Many other small groups ISLAM, EXTREMISM AND ISLAMOPHOBIA  Began in 7 century nd  2 largest religion in the world  Muslims are no monolithic, multiple factions: theological, political, cultural, and national  Shi’ah Law: a way of thinking about the rules a good Muslim is supposed to follow  Islamic Fundamentalism: isn’t a sect of Islam, fundamental is a westernized word, there are several conservative/reactionary Islamic movements, they don’t all get along with each other  “Islamism” is not the dame thing as Islam, Islamism sees Islam as modern political program, most Muslim do not ascribe to Islamism  Extremists have killed more Muslims than members of any other religion  If you’re Muslim, you have a better chance of being killed by an extremist than being one  Islamists generally have a single goal of power in the government  Beware of people who use ignorance of Islam and fear of Muslims for their own political or economic gain; “us, them” mentality Social Class, Poverty, and Education  Poverty: social condition defined by lack of resources both physical and immaterial o Carries a negative and often stigmatizing connotation o Income is what money you bring in. It is related to poverty but not identical to it. Income can be used to compute poverty status. Ex: earnings, child support, employment  Social Class: a group defined primarily by wealth and income. Other defining factors include prestige and social influence.  Wealth: One’s total assets, especially those beyond expenditure that often generate their own income. o You can be rich, but not wealthy. Being rich is based on money, but wealth is based on many factors such as investments and what you spend your money on.  Economic Mobility: your ability to move between social classes  Meritocracy: a system where assets and resources and influence are allocated by individual merit 


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