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by: helanna salinas

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by helanna salinas on Monday July 25, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at University of Mississippi taught by in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.


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Date Created: 07/25/16
Salinas 1 Helanna Salinas Howell BISC 163 22 March 2016 Oral Presentation: Article Summary #1 The article I chose to read about is called “Continued survival of Hispaniolan  solenodon Solenodon paradoxus in Haiti” by Samuel T. Tirvey, Helen Meredith, and R.  Paul Scofield.  The article goes into depth about a study they conducted in the Duchity  region of the Massif de la Hotte. The Hispaniolan solenodon Solenodon paradoxus is one of two Hispaniolan mammals and has declined excessively in Haiti.  They mentioned in  the article that these mammals of the Masiff de le Hotte might embody a “distinct taxon”  (Meredith) making research and conservation a critical priority. This species was even  classified as Endangered in 2007 by the IUCN.  Researchers; Woods and Ottenwalder (1992) and Sergile and Woods (1996)  outlined that the population decrease was due to many anthropogenic threats. Threats  such as; predators (dogs and mongoose), deforestation, and subsistence agriculture from  farmers in the region.  Woods and Ottenwalder initiated a plan that included “habitat  protection and management, including… reduction of solenodon morality from human  and exotic mammal predation” (Meredith) but the plan was not carried out after all.  The probability of this species surviving longer than the 21  century was slim to  none until the introduction of three dead solenodons that were recovered followed by new surveys and interviews with subsistence farmers and regional villagers. Turvey,  Salinas 2 Meredith, and Scofield performed an 11­day survey (April 2007) to get more information about the decline of the solenodons in Haiti.  Interviewees were requested to answer a list of detailed questions based on an  array of laminated pictures. The pictures showed various rodents that looked similar to  the Hispaniolan solenodon. Rodents like the Hispaniolan hutia, brown and black rats,  mongooses, and the nine­banded armadillo as a control illustration. For whoever claimed  they saw the armadillo were claimed as “unreliable” (Meredith).  Yet more interviewees  identified the mongoose, rats, and hutias as the solenodon then the actual picture of the  solenodon itself, hutias because of their similar trait; elongated snouts.  The survival of the solenodons was proven with the three remnants that I had  mentioned earlier. The three dead solenodons were recovered and brought to Turvey,  Meredith, and Scofield in Duchity while on their study. Farmers who found the remains  were hired as guides to specific sites, “all three sites were close to karstic outcrops…  adjacent to bean fields… belonging to subsistence farmers” (Meredith).  To conserve more solenodons that were still alive they discouraged the farmers to  not partake in any engagement of killing them purposely. Turvey, Meredith, and Scofield  laid emphasis on the importance of the conservation of this species. The conservation of  the solenodons in Massif de la Hotte is a vital arrangement.  “Continued community surveys and local awareness­raising across the… region  are now underway, and a wider­scale field project to investigate solenodon  distribution, habitat utilization, density, and interaction with introduced  predators… is currently being developed” (Meredith). Salinas 3 This article was of interest for me because it told the ways that the solenodon  species was being conserved and explained to the communities of Haiti why it is of so  much importance. It also shined light on why the solenodons are becoming extinct in the  first place.  Salinas 4 Works Cited Meredith, Helen M.R., R. Paul Scofield, and Samuel T. Turvey. "Continued Survival of  Hispaniolan Solenodon Solenodon Paradoxus in Haiti." Short Communication.  ResearchGate, 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.


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