Africam 159, Week 2
Africam 159, Week 2 Africam 159
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Alleyne on Wednesday July 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Africam 159 at University of California Berkeley taught by Frederick Vincent in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Special Topics in African American Literature in African American Studies at University of California Berkeley.
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Date Created: 07/27/16
Notes: ● 1960s Gospel (Sam Cooke and Soul Music (fusion of Bobby Womack) gospel and rhythm and blues) Blues Rhythm and Blues (Ray Black Rock (fusion of Charles) rhythm and blues and rock and roll) Rock and Roll Jazz Fusion (Miles Davis; fusion of rock and roll and jazz) Jazz (swing, bop) ● Gospel: you can tour and play in venues but when you try to leave Gospel, they curse you (if you leave music of the Lord, you will receive backlash); no racial and moral troubles ● Rhythms and Blues: was for black youth ● Rock and Roll: was for white youth ● Berry Gordy: created Motown (Detroit) to show an upscale version of Black Americans. Show “sound of young America”. He had acts like Supremes, Smokey Robinson and Miracles, Marvin Gaye, Little Stevie Wonder, and Temptations. Artists songs and themselves were famous. He brutally crushed other black organizations and studios. ● Civil Rights: was focused on showing middle America that “Negroes” were eligible to be included ● Stax Records; Memphis. Jim Stewart, Estelle Axton (siblings who created Stax Records in the black neighborhood). Became an integrative place of races in a black neighborhood. Famous singers out of this place were Otis Redding, Sam and Dave, Carla Thomas, Staple Singers (these artists songs were more famous than them). This record label was out of a movie theater and Estelle would run a little music studio out of it where young black kids would hang out at. More into selling music like Ray Charles rhythm and blues. ● Soul Music: groove (Rhythms and Blues) and meaning (Gospel). Ray Charles is responsible ● Aretha Franklin: remade men’s song and flipped it ● Country: blues music without the sadness HW (due tomorrow): ● Reader: Page 39, “The Dream” ● Funk Ch. 5 Notes: ● James Brown: born 1933. Barnwell, SC. Mother left when he was 4 and his father was a drifter (took odd jobs) due to being impoverished. Father at age 6 took him to his sister’s place. It was a brothel in Augusta, GA. Young entrepreneur to a petty thief. People are desperate when they are poor and most black responses are to adorn themselves. Caught stealing garment and was sentenced to 8 years at youth camp due to being 16. He got out in 1952 after 3 years there. Met Bobby Byrd Gospel starlighters then became James Brown and the Famous Flames in 1956. Came out with “Please Please Please”. Became known as “Hardest Working Man In The Show Business” because he was touring every night. He had to use his own money to make “Live at the Apollo” in 1963. 1965 recorded Papa’s got a Brand New Bag. Maceo Parker came up around this time1st person James turned to when he needed a change in beat. Jimmy “Chank” Nolen. 1968 James Brown goes to Vietnam. First entertainer to say I’m black and Im proud and you wouldn’t understand. ● Say it loud importance ○ 1) JB is back on top ○ 2) Began era of “explicit social messages” in black popular music ○ 3) Connected James Brown to the movement HW (due tomorrow): ● 300500 page answering “Who had a greater impact on black culture Malcolm X or James Brown” HW (due Wed): ● Radio Review Paper
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