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Africam 159, Week 2

by: Brianna Alleyne

Africam 159, Week 2 Africam 159

Brianna Alleyne
GPA 2.24

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Week 2 information
Special Topics in African American Literature
Frederick Vincent
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Alleyne on Wednesday July 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Africam 159 at University of California Berkeley taught by Frederick Vincent in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Special Topics in African American Literature in African American Studies at University of California Berkeley.

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Date Created: 07/27/16
Notes: ● 1960s Gospel (Sam Cooke and  Soul Music (fusion of  Bobby Womack) gospel and rhythm and  blues) Blues Rhythm and Blues (Ray  Black Rock (fusion of  Charles) rhythm and blues and rock  and roll) Rock and Roll Jazz Fusion (Miles Davis;  fusion of rock and roll and  jazz) Jazz (swing, bop) ● Gospel: you can tour and play in venues but when you try to leave Gospel, they  curse you (if you leave music of the Lord, you will receive backlash); no racial and moral  troubles ● Rhythms and Blues: was for black youth ● Rock and Roll: was for white youth ● Berry Gordy: created Motown (Detroit) to show an upscale version of Black  Americans. Show “sound of young America”. He had acts like Supremes, Smokey  Robinson and Miracles, Marvin Gaye, Little Stevie Wonder, and Temptations. Artists  songs and themselves were famous. He brutally crushed other black organizations and  studios. ● Civil Rights: was focused on showing middle America that “Negroes” were  eligible to be included ● Stax Records; Memphis. Jim Stewart, Estelle Axton (siblings who created Stax  Records in the black neighborhood). Became an integrative place of races in a black  neighborhood. Famous singers out of this place were Otis Redding, Sam and Dave,  Carla Thomas, Staple Singers (these artists songs were more famous than them). This  record label was out of a movie theater and Estelle would run a little music studio out of  it where young black kids would hang out at. More into selling music like Ray Charles  rhythm and blues. ● Soul Music: groove (Rhythms and Blues) and meaning (Gospel). Ray Charles is  responsible ● Aretha Franklin: remade men’s song and flipped it ● Country: blues music without the sadness HW (due tomorrow): ● Reader: Page 39, “The Dream” ● Funk Ch. 5 Notes: ● James Brown: born 1933. Barnwell, SC. Mother left when he was 4 and his  father was a drifter (took odd jobs) due to being impoverished. Father at age 6 took him  to his sister’s place. It was a brothel in Augusta, GA. Young entrepreneur to a petty thief. People are desperate when they are poor and most black responses are to adorn  themselves. Caught stealing garment and was sentenced to 8 years at youth camp due  to being 16. He got out in 1952 after 3 years there. Met Bobby Byrd­ Gospel starlighters  then became James Brown and the Famous Flames in 1956. Came out with “Please  Please Please”. Became known as “Hardest Working Man In The Show Business”  because he was touring every night. He had to use his own money to make “Live at the  Apollo” in 1963. 1965 recorded Papa’s got a Brand New Bag. Maceo Parker came up  around this time­1st person James turned to when he needed a change in beat. Jimmy  “Chank” Nolen. 1968 James Brown goes to Vietnam. First entertainer to say I’m black  and Im proud and you wouldn’t understand. ● Say it loud importance ○ 1) JB is back on top ○ 2) Began era of “explicit social messages” in black popular music ○ 3) Connected James Brown to the movement HW (due tomorrow): ● 300­500 page answering “Who had a greater impact on black culture Malcolm X  or James Brown” HW (due Wed): ● Radio Review Paper


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