Africam 159 Week 4
Africam 159 Week 4 Africam 159
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Alleyne on Wednesday July 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Africam 159 at University of California Berkeley taught by Frederick Vincent in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see Special Topics in African American Literature in African American Studies at University of California Berkeley.
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Date Created: 07/27/16
Notes: ● KC and the Sunshine Band: ○ Took energy and spirit out of Sly and Family Stone Music and took all the messages out of it too. Florida band. Changed the flow of music ● “The Death of Rhythm and Blues” : ○ Nelson George. Out of Brooklyn. Accomplished journalist ● Harvard Report: ○ Pg 100 of reader. Business school implicated how to get control of black music ● Process ○ Writing arranging producing recording engineering manufacturing distributing promoting (radio, tv, print) performing (venues, tours, etc) ● Columbia said we have all this but we aren’t getting paid so they decided to put writers, arrangers, producers, and recorders under contracts ● Black Radio became disco radio ● Define black music instead of community defining it which is how we got term urban contemporary ● Disco: ○ Club dance music. Thrived in LGBT community. Took edge out of black music.DJ music (not necessarily performance based). Safety zone for LGBT. economically efficient ● Crossover: ○ Corporate control ● Beginning of hip hop was dj music ● Telecommuting act of 1996 increased monopoly of companies ● 1979 Rapper's DeLight 1982 “The Message” 1984 Run DMC “king of rock” 1986 “Walk this way” 1987 Eric B and Rakim, Public Enemy, BDP (Sampling Year) 1988 Major labels took interest; Def Jam was swallowed up by Columbia street rap was getting national attention. Major distribution meant deletion of messages and censorship. Black music became a product, commonality ● Marketable music became more important than substance and good music ● PFunk: ○ Stayed on the 1 heavily. Music is rooted in the rhythm, bass, drum ● Earth, Wind, Fire: ○ They came more simple and melodic to be heard on the white radio HW: N/A Notes: ● PFunk: ○ Complicated things ○ Jim Crow didn’t allow blacks to swim ○ People were constantly told that they need to simplify and make songs people can dance to ○ Short for Parliament Funkadelic ○ Built around George Clinton, Bootsy Collins , Bernie Wornell, and 50+ people ○ Bernie Wornell: ■ Keyboard, child prodigy, Mama’s Boy, advance performer in classical music ○ George Clinton: ■ Oldest of 9 kids, ran a barbershop as a teenager (ran like it a comedian), celebrity in the hood at an early age ○ 1955 was called “The Parliaments” (cigarette) recorded in Detroit ○ People would sit on the street corner and would harmonize silly love songs (this determined your gangstaness) ○ Funkadelic started in 1970 ■ Lead guitarist was Eddie Hazel “Maggotbrain” ○ “Parliament” came back in 1974 ○ Bootsy: ■ Left James Brown unofficially in 1972 and officially in 1974. In order to keep him, George Clinton got him a record deal which was “Bootsy’s Rubber Band” ○ “Chocolate City”1975 ■ About black folks taking over big cities HW: ● Paper 6 to 8 pages due June 28th Notes: ● Juneteenth: celebrate emancipation and end of civil war (South find out a year later) ● Four elements of Hip Hop (Black and Latino neighborhoods in NYC): ○ DJ ○ Breakers = break dancers ○ EMCEES = rappers ■ Came from Broadway, supposed to be host but as time went on took over show, and kept party jumping ○ GrafArtTagging ■ Break in, tag, and get out (all while not getting caught) ● Grandmaster flash and the furious 5 ● DJ Jazzy Jeff and the Fresh Prince (Will Smith ● Eric B and Rakim ● 1971 Gang Truce ○ “Afrika Bambaataa” (best DJ in town) ■ “Zulu Nation”: similar to Nation of Islam but hip hop version ■ Responsible for changing gangs to crew ● Films watched: “Wild Style” and “And You don’t stop 30 years of hip hop” HW: ● Read pg. 181183 ● Read Rivera Raquel Ch. 2 and 3 ● 1 page essay on Graf Art Commentary : Locate an example of graffiti art write up brief description (Where was it? Materials? Message? What did it look like? Notes: ● Rastafari and Nyabinghi are Jamaican roots of hip hop ● James Brown said Negroes can’t go back they don’t have a past before slavery ● Jamaican are heavily influenced by American rhythm and blues but they have a heartbeat felt ● Jamaican have/try to incorporate R&B voice ● Marcus Garvey: ○ Black SelfDetermination. Never said Back to Africa. Buy your own property and teach your own schools. “United Negroes Improvement Association”. Black Star Line got busted by FBI. Served 5 years for mail fraud. Deported back to Jamaica and after that UNIA depleted. ● WEB Dubois: ○ Went to Harvard. “Talented Tenth”notion to recruit more blacks into higher education and get more intellectual). Groom the elite. Founded NAACP. Attacked Booker T. Washington and Marcus Garvey. ● Booker T Washington: ○ “Atlanta Compromise” (1895). Advocated for going to college and learning a trait. Founded Tuskegee college. We can be separated as fingers but be one as a hand. Focus was not on desegregating but building own community. ● Ethiopia: ○ Wasn’t colonized until WW2 ● 80s dreads was radical and then nowadays it is just a fashion statement ● Bob Marley: ○ Spent a lot of childhood traveling between Jamaica and Delaware. Favorite American artists were Curtis Mayfield and James Brown. Died due to Cancer started with melanoma in toe. Extreme naturalist. ● Stevie Wonder was a huge fan of Bob Marley. Went out of his way to talk to Bob Marley and Third World. Third World was on Soul Train. ● Latinized Funk= R&B Influenced Latin Music ● James Brown was 1st act to have a congo in his act ● 1965 Immigration Act eliminated immigration quota from across the world. Opened immigrant paths to all who qualified. Flood of immigrants from West Indies. ● Jamaica recreational event was Sound System (outdoor DJ parties) ● Sound system was thing and an event (play records select A “Dub Plates” Instrumental B sides) ● Toasting syncopated rhyming insults over beats ● Clyde Campbell: ○ DJ Kool Herc. Cool Jamaican teenageer and in 1973 moved to Bronx. ● James Brown was popular in West Africa (was their hero) ● Fela Kuti: ○ African James Brown HW: ● Raquel Rivera Intro and Ch. 1
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