Africam 159 Week 5
Africam 159 Week 5 Africam 159
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Alleyne on Wednesday July 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Africam 159 at University of California Berkeley taught by Frederick Vincent in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Special Topics in African American Literature in African American Studies at University of California Berkeley.
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Date Created: 07/27/16
Notes: ● 1970s political aspect collapsed due to Watergate. Watergate is when Nixon committed a real felon for covering up stuff (obstruction of justice) ● 1968 Nixon law and order candidate. Many people didn’t vote so he rolled in. “Cointelpro” FBI was only discovered by Leftist when they broke into the office and found paper. ● 1970 Kent St. national guard shot college students at UC Berkeley campus ● 1972 “CREEP” Committee to reelect president. Nixon was reelected due to this committee. People got caught getting in democratic committee office in DC Nixon hired high end Italian lawyers to help these low level convicts. Journalist was getting into the case and investigating it and Nixon tried to lock but unfortunately it got to the level of Congressional Hearings. President Serio Agnew got convicted of tax fraud and was fired and Gerald Ford took over. Freedom of Information Act is what took down Nixon and allowed public to have public access and have right to know government info. ● EPA was founded under Nixon’s rule. ● 1974 Congress impeached Nixon which meant that they weren’t going to fire him but it meant they was going to do a deep investigation into Nixon’s rule even under President Eisenhower. When Nixon found this out he walked out. Gerald Ford only legacy when he was President was that he pardoned Nixon so that he can’t investigate anymore. ● 1976 Jimmy Carter uprising Iran (Iranian students stormed US Embassy in 1979 and took 75 people hostage and spread them all around Iran so they couldn’t be rescued when Carter wanted to rescue them) and Nicaragua (Sandino, Sandinista Marxist. Had a problem with Nicaragua because they didn’t want them to become like Cuba) ● 1973 Arab Oil Embargo/ OPEC cut off oil to the US and this sent US economy in a whirl spin. 1st time US was vulnerable to outsiders. ● 1980 Ronald Reagan vs Carter and Reagan won. Carter would of won if he could rescue the US embassy hostages however Reagan partnered with the Iranian to keep them hostage and when Reagan won, that same day the hostages was released. Reagan wanted to go to war with Nicaragua but the US citizens and Congress said no due to the Vietnam War so Reagan did it back door. Reagan hired Oliver North who talked to Iran who worked with the “Contras” (middle/rich class people) to take back Nicaragua. Reagan said there was no limits to what he would do so Oliver North had free reign to do anything. North sold military guns to Iran, Iran gave money to US, US gave that money to the “Contras” to help them fight. “Contras” needed more money and support so Columbian crack dealers went to the US to sell crack cocaine to black people. Reagan was aware of this but turned his cheek the other way. HW: ● Essay Notes: ● Film: freestyle the art of freestyle ● Black/African Consciousness in HIp Hop ○ 7379: Before hip hop, localized ○ 7982: first rap recordings. Still localized. Rhythm and Improvisation ○ 8285: Planet rock. 83 Afrika Bambaataa began to make hip hop global. Hip hop is getting too much air so it began to go in two different directions Run DMC was helping it get played and others took it more seriously and made it more African looking. ○ 8687: Run DMC starts ruling the world and crosses over. Pop and black/african consciousness ○ Second part of 80s Hip Hop went thru a renaissance. ○ 88: Public Enemy takes a nation of millions ■ Developed videos that were major productions in their own right ■ WNA showed up and changed language and one of group members said some anti semantics stuff which turned media against them ● 1989 Berlin Wall ○ Germany was split into East and West Germany. Berlin was in East Germany and was controlled by Russia. However, the capital had a wall and road around it to be part of West Germany which was controlled by US. East was close to communist and West was free and open democratic. US decided to be friends with Russia and open the wall and make Germany whole again. Global North US, Russia, and rest of Europe due to them realizing they are all white. Global South “developing” countries ● AfroCentrism ○ Alot of philosophy in Egypt near pyramids was spread around all of Africa. Judah Christian in Greece, Rome, etc spread throughout Europe ● US (taking over) all this visibility ○ Spike Lee movie “Do the right thing” ○ Oprah ○ Arsenio ○ Tyga Woods ○ Serena and Venus Williams ○ Cosby Show ○ Black Quaterback ○ Living Color ● Songs Listened to: ○ Run DMC “Raising Hell” 1986 ○ USA for Africa We are the World ○ Sun City Artists United Against the Apartheid ■ Direct message from the artists themselves and calling out other artist for playing Sun City ■ The only difference between this and DMC and Aerosmith was the fact that this was a direct message ■ Rock and Rap were combining on songs and releasing them on the pop radio ○ Rakim and Eric B I Know You got soul ○ Bobby Byrd I know you got soul ■ Opened doors for artists to do a remake of previous songs. ○ Kool Moe Dee I go to work ■ Built his whole career out of remaking James Brown songs ■ Was a remade of Super Bad James Brown ○ Public Enemy Night of the Living Baseheads ○ Public Enemy Rebel without a pause ■ Drum pattern is the James Brown pattern ■ Put Chuck D and Flava Flav on the map ○ Public Enemy Bring the Noise ○ Public Enemy Can’t Truss It ○ X Men Heed the word of the Brothers ○ Queen Latifah Ladies First ○ Chubb Rock Treat ‘Em Right ○ KRS 1 You Must Learn ● Ronald Reagan said that what was happening/ US involvement in South Africa works. UC Berkeley had 3.1 billion in funding South Africa helping the apartheid and South Africa regime. HW: ● Read Hip Hop Chronicles What is Hip Hop and what is Rap (pg. 184) Notes: ● Roger Zapp: ○ Dayton Funk. Ohio ● GoGo: ○ Washington, DC. DC Funk. Play a lot of percussions. More heterostraight male funk theme ● Dayton: ○ 50% white 50% black. Working black and professional class got along. Apparently founding place of flight ● Chuck Brown The Party Roll ○ Original Go Go HW: ● Essay (music essay) ● Submit all missing assignments Notes: ● Monday ○ Art of 16bars ○ Take home final exam handed out (due Wed) ● Tuesday ○ Final lecture review ○ Interview and all papers due ● Wednesday ○ presentation/research paper due ● 1989 Central Park 5 ○ Teenagers got accused of raping and brutalized a white jogger who was passing by the park ○ Police coerced these teenagers to plead guilty ○ Police played on black fear on young teenagers ● 1992 LA Riots= Social Disruption/Confusion(Fear of Black Rage) ○ There wasn’t an expression of failure of industrial base before this. Exposed this ■ factory/manual labor can get out of high school and go to factory etc and find work ■ 70s declined, 80s dropped immensely ● Cheaper to send money to third world countries to make them vs pay American workers living wages ○ Elected a democrat by the name of Bill Clinton ■ Supported the republican ideas of fear and containing ■ Was considered 1st black president ● 1994 OJ Simpson ○ When OJ was acquitted and their was a parties due to the fact that a rich black man could be acquitted and go free ○ Whites were mad that a black man can go free for killing a white woman ● 1996 Bill Clinton authorized telecommunications Act ○ Give away to large corporations went and bought all the music stations all around the world/US ○ Used to be highly highly regulated no one company can be own more than one station in metropolitan company ○ Act deregulated this whole thing took away local and community control and brought company control ● Watched/Listened: ○ Dirty States of America ○ Beyond Beats and Rhythms HW: ● Read Rivera Ch. 4 and 5 ● In reader ○ “Rhythm Nation” pg 225 ○ 10 Commandments of Hip Hop pg.238
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