Week 6 global
Popular in intro to global studies 1
Popular in Global Studies
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anahit Ghaltaghchyan on Sunday July 31, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to global at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Dr. Philip McCarty in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see intro to global studies 1 in Global Studies at University of California Santa Barbara.
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Date Created: 07/31/16
07/31/2016 ▯ Haiti betrayed ▯ US didn’t support the revolution in Haiti ▯ Believing Haitis economic future tied to France, Toussant welcomed Napoleons army in 1802 ▯ French betrayed and imprisoned him, died in jail in 1803 ▯ French eventually lost and Haiti gained independence. ▯ Documentary ▯ Zambia- rich in resources, yet one of poorest countries in world ▯ 10 times as much money is taken out of their country as given in as aid ▯ ▯ Lecture 8-Modern Imperialism ▯ Addition and subtraction ▯ Enlightenment liberal politics ▯ Democracy ▯ Nationalism ▯ Enlightenment liberal economics ▯ Capitalism ▯ Modern capitalism ▯ Industrialization ▯ Urbanization ▯ =modern industrial society ▯ 400 years of colonialism ▯ ▯ Imperialism defined ▯ Expansion of modern states powers through subjugation and rule of other people, exploitation and their resources ▯ Reference of the age of imperialism (180-1914) when rival European powers, USA, Japan, extended their spheres of influence through colonial rule and exploitation ▯ Great powers justified policies by claiming to extend benefits of “civilization” ▯ Civilizing the natives was referred to as the “white mans burden” ▯ ▯ Variants of Imperialism ▯ New, modern, or neo imperialism ▯ Independent country suffers domination from foreign government which didn’t have a colonial relationship with it ▯ Cultural imperialism ▯ Use of political/economic power to spread values of foreign culture at expense of native culture ▯ Pax Britannica ▯ Period of relative peace in Europe ▯ 100 years between the end of Napoleonic wars in 1815 to start of world war in 1914 ▯ Crimean war (1853) interrupted that peace ▯ British navy controlled ocean trade routes and the sun never set on the British empire ▯ Victorian era in England (1837-1901) ▯ Belle Epoque in Europe ▯ Gilded age in US ▯ Suez Canal-strategic importance. Boom to British empire ▯ ▯ Scramble for Africa ▯ Suez canal ▯ Europeans ruled only 10% of Africa in 1880 ▯ Theory of evolution and racism coalesced in social Darwinism in advanced societies ▯ Railroads, guns, telegraph, quinine ▯ Strategic imperial rivalry among European powers ▯ By 1913, nearly all 40 political units in Africa ruled by Europeans (except ethipia and Liberia) 34 years ▯ Imperial empires ▯ Early impulse of modern imperialism was exploration and mapping ▯ Exploration followed by missions and trade ▯ Trade followed by annexation ▯ By the 1930s about 84% of world lived under some kind of imperial rule ▯ European geographical discovery ▯ Royal geographical society ▯ Congo river ▯ South pole ▯ Polar flights ▯ Transatlantic ▯ Mount Everest ▯ Heroic imperialism ▯ Fir henry Stanley meets Dr. David Livingstone ▯ Romanticized ▯ Cecil Rhodes ▯ ▯ American empires in 1898 ▯ American Imperialism ▯ American expansion policy pre dates modern imperialism ▯ Manifest destiny, expansion west ▯ Mexican American war ▯ Alaska, Hawaii and panama ▯ Philippines, Cuba, Puerto Rico, Haiti ▯ Korea and Vietnam ▯ Iraq and Afghanistan ▯ Dark side of Imperialism ▯ Competition among European nations ▯ Created a moral free zone ▯ Terra nullius- nobody’s land ▯ Roman la-finders keepers ▯ If we don’t take it, someone else will ▯ 100 years of Pax Britannica heroics hides a gruesome history of conquest and annihilation ▯ short term economic exploitation ▯ murder for profit ▯ Imperial wars during 1830-1899- many conflict going on ▯ ▯ King Leopold of Belgium ▯ One of the worst ▯ In 20 years killed approx. 8 million people, nearly half of the adult population of the congo ▯ The idea of civilizing the natives it the only thing that makes imperialism sound good. Joseph Conrad. Flatters the conqueror ▯ ▯ Romanticizing the slaughter of Dehumanizing others ▯ Colonials in Africa, India, and south America ▯ Repeated images of heroic white males using superior disciple and weapons to slaughter dark, primitive, irrational blood thirty savages ▯ Dehumanization seen all the time ▯ ▯ Allied dehumanizing propaganda ▯ Japan used propaganda to dehumanize the chinese before they invaded china ▯ Us and allied forced dehumanized both the germans and japanaese ▯ Why use media and propaganda to dehumanize people ▯ Moral free zone ▯ Suspending moral consideration ▯ Dehumanizing the savage other ▯ Claiming self defense ▯ Race of international competition ▯ Ends used to justify any means ▯ Result is license to commit “total war” ▯ ▯ Prelude to war ▯ Dehumanizing is a crucial step in going to war ▯ Dehumanizing makes it easier to kill people ▯ Soldiers, civilians, women and children ▯ Indiscriminate weapons ▯ Targeting civilian populations ▯ Dehumanizing is a big step on the road to genocide ▯ Legacy of the total war logic ▯ cold war and godless commies ▯ Koreans and Vietnam wars ▯ mcCarthyianism ▯ war on drugs ▯ Dehumanizing today ▯ Who are we dehumanizing right now? ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯
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