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HIST 1010 Lecture One: Mesopotamian Society 6000 BC - 1500 BC

by: Sarah Phillips

HIST 1010 Lecture One: Mesopotamian Society 6000 BC - 1500 BC Hist 1010

Marketplace > Auburn University > History > Hist 1010 > HIST 1010 Lecture One Mesopotamian Society 6000 BC 1500 BC
Sarah Phillips

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These notes are an outline of what was covered in the first lecture of HIST 1010, discussing how one should define a civilization and the role of Mesopotamia.
World History 1
Dr. Morris Bian
Class Notes
world, history, mesopotamia, west, Asia, Asian, Civilication, ancient, Muhammad
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Phillips on Wednesday August 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1010 at Auburn University taught by Dr. Morris Bian in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see World History 1 in History at Auburn University.


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Date Created: 08/03/16
World History Unit One: West Asian Civilization Lecture One: Mesopotamian Society 6000 BC – 1500 BC Questions For Today  How should one define civilization?  How did regional empires merge in Mesopotamia?  What are the salient characteristics of Mesopotamia as a civilized society?  What constitutes the primary political tradition of Persian civilization? Supplemental Resources  Encyclopedia Brittanica Online at  Internet History Sourcebooks Project at Muhammad: A Prophet For Our Time Complete Reading by Tuesday, Sept 13 Book Suggestions  The basic facts about Muhammad and his life  The structure and organization of Arab society  The development of Islam and Muslim community  Author’s main ideas, arguments, and explanations  Author’s key terms and concepts Defining Civilization A form of human culture characterized by the existence of cities, a distinct religious structure, new political and military structures, a new social structure, and writing. 1. Characteristics of a Civilized Society a. Urban revolution b. Distinctive religious structure – Where Gods and Heaven are deemed essential for the survival of human communities; emergence of professional priests c. New political and military structures i. Bureaucracy – Refers to administration of a government chiefly through bureaus or departments staffed with nonelected or appointed officials. More broadly, it refers to a type of human society characterized by the existence of an dominance by such a bureaucracy. d. New social structure e. A writing system 2. Mesopotamia: The Formation of a Civilized Society, 6000-1500 BC World History Unit One: West Asian Civilization Lecture One: Mesopotamian Society 6000 BC – 1500 BC a. Mesopotamia i. Lies between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers b. Sumerians and the Rise of Cities, 3000 BC (Sumerians were the dominant people of Mesopotamia) i. Ur, Uruk, Eridu, Legash ii. Characteristics of cities c. From City-States to Regional Empires (CitiesCity- StatesRegional Empires) i. Akkadian Empire under Sargon 1. In 2340 BC, Sargon established the Akkadian Empire—the first regional empire in Mesopotamia ii. Babylonian Empire, 1800-1600 BC 1. Empire – A political unit having an extensive territory or the territory that includes such a unit. 2. Replaced the Akkadian Emire 3. Babylonian Empire under Hammurabi (1792- 1750 BC) a. The Code of Hammurabi was the most extensive and most complete Mesopotamian law code (circa 1750 BC) b. Two codes i. The penal law prescribed death penalities for crimes such as murder. ii. The civil law provided regulations on prices, wages, and commercial transactions. c. Significance: The Code of Hammurabi marked the transition of Mesopotamian society from one governed primarily by customs and conventions to one governed primarily by bureaucratic laws. d. Invention of Writing i. Cuneiform (“Wedge-Shaped”) Writing, 3000 NC 1. Reed Stylus


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