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POLS 1101 Paper

by: Elizabeth Wilson

POLS 1101 Paper POLS 1101

Elizabeth Wilson

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American government paper example
American Government
Class Notes
MLA, Paper, Example, slo, AMERICANGOV
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Wilson on Wednesday August 3, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 at Georgia Southern University taught by in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views.


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Date Created: 08/03/16
Wilson 1 Elizabeth Wilson Harold Willis American Government 18 July 2016 Framework of The Government: SLO Paper Every major project requires a blueprint or some kind of pre­planned structure and the  structuring of the American government was no exception. America’s blueprint is the United  States constitution. Within the constitution lies the framework of our government’s structure  throughout the amendments. The amendments identify and give specific rights and privileges to  the American people. The framers of the constitution wanted to address the systems and  government and ensure that they work together in a way that promotes the ideology that the  United States was founded upon. The principles that frame that are identified in the constitution  are limited government, establishment of a republic, federalism, separation of powers, and check  and balances. Each principle has been at work within our government and work together to  ensure a balanced democracy.  The idea the founding fathers had behind the framework of the American government  was limited government. This implied that a system of checks and balances and separation of  powers be used to keep the government from becoming too powerful. In the constitution, several  various sections prohibit various actions. For instance, Article 1 section 9 states that “…No  Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the  Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any  King, Prince, or foreign State.” (Madison Art 1, Sec 9) This limits the power of those who hold  Wilson 2 office. No action can be taken by the president or any other office unless the consent of congress  is given.  Establishment of a Republic was something that the founding fathers found essential  when it came to writing the constitution. They wanted a balance of power and a government  structure where the power was placed in the hands of the people. Voting is a major part that  keeps America a republic because through it the people are given the power to elect  representatives that will relate their power. Americans have the opportunity to vote for  representatives that represents their personal needs and appeal to their taste. Americans elect  representatives that they trust will make an impact in the ways they want through holding various positions of power.  Along with the National government exists state governments and federalism which is the idea that the two can share power. These also play a role in the system of balancing the powers  that the framers of the constitution wanted to ensure. However, this balance of power has not  always gone over well. A modern conflict between the federal and state governments which is  wildly controversial is the decision to legalize same sex marriage. According to NPR, the  decision to legalize same sex marriage “… Adds new definition to an issue that has remained  controversial even as an increasing number of Americans say they support equal marriage rights  for same­sex couples.” (Chappell). Even with its growing support, the conflict between state and  national government remains a longstanding issue.  The framers of the constitution wanted to focus on separation of powers as well. The  three branches of government in place help to achieve that principle. These three branches are  Legislative, Judicial, and Executive. The Legislative branch is responsible for enacting the laws  Wilson 3 and is responsible for the financial side of the government. The two members of the legislative  branch are the two house of congress: The Senate and The House of Representatives. The Senate represents the individual states by a set number of 2 whereas the House represents the states by  population. The second branch of government, the Judicial Branch, is home to the Supreme  Court and is responsible for handling conflicts that may arise in interpreting the constitution. The Executive branch has the President of the United States as the head of it and is responsible for  administering the laws that are given by the legislative branch. According to the National  Conference of State Legislatures website, “Separation of powers is key to the workings of  American government, no democratic system exists with an absolute separation of powers or an  absolute lack of separation of powers.” (Unknown)  The system of checks and balances really ties together the idea of the individual parts of  the American government working together to ensure that the democracy’s power lies within the  hands of the people. The most popular example of check and balances is it’s work in the 3  branches of government. The executive branch cannot take any action when it comes to law  making unless it is approved by the the legislative branch and should the integrity of the  constitution ever rise to become a problem, the judicial branch resolves those conflicts. This  system keeps the government flowing in a way that no single branch or person can have  complete control. The officials are elected by the people and work with each other for  accountability.  The constitution is the frame of our government and the Founding Fathers worked  effortlessly to ensure the power of the country rest with the people. The principles laid out in the  constitution keeps the government in check so as to ensure a peaceful democracy that is for the  Wilson 4 people. The framers wanted to make sure the government was limited in its power and that the  separate governments, state and national, work together to run a republic. By allowing citizens to vote official into office where they comply with the needs of their constituents, there is always a  level of accountability to be had with each elected office. The representatives the citizens elect  promise to give the people the power and use their offices to ensure their voices are being heard.  Wilson 5 Works Cited Chappell, Bill. Supreme Court Declares Same-Sex Marriage Legal In All 50 States. n.d. NPR. 10 July 2016. < way/2015/06/26/417717613/supreme-court-rules-all-states-must-allow- same-sex-marriages>. Madison, James. Transcript of the Constitution. Ed. U.S. National Archives & Records Administration. n.d. U.S. National Archives & Records Administration. 17 July 2016. < >. Unknown. SEPARATION OF POWERS -- AN OVERVIEW. n.d. 7 July 2016. < powers-an-overview.aspx>.


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