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INTEL 310 Intelligence Analysis

by: Matthew Staley

INTEL 310 Intelligence Analysis INTEL 310

Marketplace > Coastal Carolina University > Politics > INTEL 310 > INTEL 310 Intelligence Analysis
Matthew Staley
GPA 3.5

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Intelligence Analysis
Jonathan Acuff
Class Notes
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Matthew Staley on Thursday August 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INTEL 310 at Coastal Carolina University taught by Jonathan Acuff in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Intelligence Analysis in Politics at Coastal Carolina University.


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Date Created: 08/04/16
Staley 1 Country Background Assessment First Draft. Matthew Staley INTEL 300 th 20  October 2015.  Staley 2 Introduction: The country Kenya is located in eastern Africa that borders the countries of Somalia,  Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, and finally, Sudan. Kenya population currently is approximately 47  million people with Nairobi being the most populated city in Kenya. Kenya is composed of  different divisions mainly composed of the Kikuyu, and other divisions being the dominant  division as well as divisions such as the Luhya which is the third most populated ethic tribe in  Kenya, Luo, Kamba, Kalenjin, Kisii, Meru, and Asian, Europeans, and Arabs (country watch,  2015). All different tribes, and groups that surround different parts of Kenya and they mainly  speak the languages of English, Swahili, and other languages from their own tribe. When people  think of Kenya, they think of Kenya as any other African nation. Kenya as a third world country. They would be right to say that it is the case. According to foundation for sustainable  development, or FSD, their current trend estimated that by 2015, “65.9 percent of the population  will live below the poverty line”. (Foundation for sustainable development, 2015). In turn, with  the number being high below the poverty line, it is affecting the issue of education, gender  equality for men and women, as well as people being more susceptible to dieses such as HIV,  and AIDS, lack of food and water, and lack of stewardship in the environment. To make matters  worse, Kenya is currently in low human development at 128 according to country watch (country watch, 2015). Although better than the year before where the trend had them ranked as 147  (Human development index, 2014), they are still in low human development nonetheless. Not  only is Kenya having problems domestically, they are also facing an issue of National Security.  In order to understand what is actually going on in Kenya, we need to understand one aspect that  Staley 3 make up the country; the Kenya military. The Kenya military is composed of the Kenya Defense  Force (KDF), an armed force that contains the army, navy, and air force that its mission is to  protect the country from world threat inside the country. We will need to look at the different  components of Kenya. The first step will be to look at the background of Kenya to see how  Kenya is shaped up toward the current situation. We will need to then look at the current  situation to get a sense of what key actors, events, and other factors that are influencing the  Kenya military. Finally, we will need to look at Kenya’s aspirations and drivers to see what will  happen to Kenya in the next 10­20 years not only from the leadership that wants to happen for  Kenya to become a better nation, but also the trends that are beyond anyone that may have an  impact on the country. Background: Kenya as a country has been through so much as they are trying to develop themselves  into a well­developed country. Especially with the history of Kenya that had an impact of what  happened after World War II ended. At the time, where Kenya was trying to gain independence  from the British that called it British Kenya. Kenyatta, the president of the Kenyan African  Union “had become the main vehicle of Kikuyu nationalism” (Small Wars, Faraway Places,  2015, p. 360). Which means that the Kikuyu nationalists, Mau Mau, knew that they had found  the main piece of the puzzle with Kenyatta leadership in defeating the British, and the British  loyalist. Originally, Mau Mau used violence against the Kikuyu loyalists who “refused to take  such oaths… Attacks on loyalist Kikuyu continued, and there were dozens of cases of arson on  remote farms, where the dry grass suddenly blazed up”. (Small Wars, Faraway Places, 2015, p.  363). Kenyatta Mau Mau nationalist use violence against the British, and the British loyalist even Staley 4 though they been militarily defeated in 1957 (Small Wars, Faraway Places, 2015, p. 374). Also  in 1959, when the British declared a state of emergency after the attack on the farms and  government outposts, they denied the Kenyans to have a fair trial which for that reasons did two  things: It increased the Mau Mau “credibility of the nationalist movement “, and it caused more  people to actively participate in the political process (Country Watch, 2015). For those two  reasons,), it was at the point where it would finally lead up to Kenya independence in 1963 from  the UK Commonwealth of Nations. Another important background issue that Kenya has been through that can still be  explained from the current situation is the incident that happened in the international criminal  court in Kenya in 2007. Although it is very recent and it happened eight years ago, it mentions  how the incident happen and the changes that will be implemented to make the system better. To  start with, it was once a stable election with the 2002 election having a smooth and fair election  even though it had a political change and crises in their neighboring countries (Kuria, et al. 2015, p. 8). It was a peaceful election between both parties without any fears or violence and people  were able to do what they wanted to do. But then the incident happened in the criminal court. In  December 2007, after the Kenyans voted in the electoral process, it was then the violence began  by “rioting, excessive use of force by police in response, and ethic fighting led to 1,000 deaths…  Large selection of the population fled their homes and displacement affected 300,000 people in  various locations in the country”. (Kuria, et al. 2015, p. 16). The violence had probably been  about what had happened prior to the 2007 election between both the Orange Democratic  Movement Party of Kenya (ODM), and the Party of National Unity (PNU) about the factors of  unfinished constitution making, ethnicity with ethnic bias, and for selfish gains such as  Staley 5 “increased salaries, personal emolument, and gratuities”. (p.16).  Another factor that caused the  2007 incident is that the Kenyans as they were involved in the election just lost hope in both in  “their political, and legal institution resulting in culture of impunity”(Nichols, 2015, p.21).  Resulting in more vigilantes groups in the process giving people more protection and security.  As a result, it produced systemic violence from the environment they were in since Kenya has  lost its monopoly. (p.21). All of these factors explained the political motivation as to why the  voters commit those violence and their purpose for doing it.  Current Situation: Furthermore, looking back at the background situation of both Kenya’s independence,  and the situation with the 2007 incident at the International Criminal Court, what both have in  common is that both revolve around either terrorism, or violence. Kenya still today face violence and currently, their threat is coming from one of their bordering countries Somalia specifically  from Al­Shabaab.  At the start of the new decade of 2010, Al­Shabaab has been reported of doing things  such as, kidnappings, killings, and setting up attacks toward Kenya. The current president of  Kenya, Uhuru Kenyatta, who is also commander in chief of the military, sends the KDF toward  Somalia and according to Odhiambo, the only mission that KDF has to do in Somalia is to go  and fight Al­Shabaab (Odhiambo, et al, 2013, p. 8). The KDF, a year later in when they were up  in Somalia on the southern side of Kismayo, they did two things: to not only invade Kismayo by  the use of the military, but also get rid of Al­Shabaab Islamist militia out of the country  (Anderson, 2014, p. 1.). The invasion was actually planned out two years prior by the Kenyans in 2009 as a task to “undermine Al­Shabaab’s influence and build an internal force against them…  Staley 6 The United States trained elite Kenyan troops for the task, helping the country establish a  Ranger­style fighting force” (p.4). 


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