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C Lit 30C Week 1

by: Emilie Notetaker
Emilie Notetaker

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About this Document

Covers themes in Madam Bovary, as well as a general over look of the course.
Major Works - European Literature
Class Notes
comparative literature
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Popular in Comparative Literature (C LIT)

This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emilie Notetaker on Thursday August 4, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to C Lit 30C at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Boscagli in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Major Works - European Literature in Comparative Literature (C LIT) at University of California Santa Barbara.

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Date Created: 08/04/16
Charles, Emmart, Madame Bovary, Class: European Lit Date: 8/2 Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: FLAUBERT * died 1888 * late nineteenth century * father was a doctor (hence the doctor in the book) * parents wanted him to be a lawyer, but he wanted to be a writer * art is feared by the middle class * set in Normandy * took him five years to write Madame Bovary * had to go to court to defend this novel, this book was considered dangerous against religious, scandalous * went to the “Orient” * he wrote this book to write a book about nothing * realist writer * Madame Bovary: a study in provincial manners * took the plot of the bored housewife and combined it with erotic, humor, and tenseness * very influential to Proust, James Joyce * Flaubert’s signature is free indirect speech * gets into the minds of his characters, and switches from character to character ASTUDY IN PROVINCIAL MANNERS * anything outside of France is provincial (this idea was spread by French writers) * people in the province are simple (provincial = narrow-minded) stereotypes, but Flaubert perpetuates these stereotypes * * clash between the aesthetic life vs. the production life MADAME BOVARY * Emma * kind of a progressive woman * bad mother * cheats on her husband * squanders her family’s fortune * there’s not one point where Flaubert makes you feel a certain way about Madame Bovary * “Madame Bovary c’est moi” I am Madame Bovary (this might be because of his uprising) * fantasy * characters in tragedies are IMPORTANT IDEAS often times heroes * the characters in this book * clash between the producer and the consumer are very trivial, this book isIs Emma a tragic figure? * more set up for a comedy * How come this book begins with Charles? Why do we watch him grow up? Who narrates Charles life? (told from one of his classmates) (then it transfers into someone who knows his family) CHARLES * very weak growing up * pathetic * pathetic hat * very content with the way his life has transgressed * hat = him * bad family * passive * he fails the doctor’s exam the first time * first wife is found by mother, mother being very bossy, whining all the time Topic: Genreal Preview Class:Eng 147 OM Date:8/1 Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: WHATARE THESE BOOKS REPRESENTATIVE OF? * European culture and history * specific culture and tendency WHY? * art is never simply representing the world, how it’s related to history and culture. The text “converses” with reality. Sometimes it has contradictions that isn’t in reality. 17TH CENTURY * Modernity, the way of living is closer and closer to our own (compared to the middle ages, renaissance) Many different modernities - * * Early modernity in 17th century - birth of the national state, beginning in individuality and privacy ex. until the renaissance and after, people in Europe all eat from the same dish in the middle of the table.After that people now eat with a fork ex. the invention of the nightgown. Before that people slept naked. ex. the memoir and the journal also invented. Born from puritanism, and skepticism, looking inside yourself * Rene Descartes ( I think therefore I am) he says people are people because they reason. Reason turns you into a subject. This is all bout 17th century 18TH CENTURY * Industrial revolution * Time of “The Enlightenment” scientific philosophical movement * Encyclopedia * time of knowledge * light is like the reason (scientific reason) brings people out of fear of nature and God * Church is pushed to the corner * If you know the laws of nature, you can dominate nature * Religion is now represented as a superstition (you can almost be God yourself) * French Revolution (enlightenment flows into this) middle-class uprising. They wanted political power.All about social class 19TH * Second and more significant industrial revolution * bicycle train * * a new sense of time and space, everything goes faster * urbanization, people moving into metropolis. City is full of spectacles things to look at. None of us are as dumb as The individual (rational) vs. the crowd (more irrational) * * all of us * consummation. the chief consumer is the woman. woman, by definition (so much irony), is irrational because the consumer is irrational. * systemic sexism The subject becomes irrational. Disturbs people because they feel * that they are not in control of themselves. That’s why they blame it on the woman * judea-christianity. opposite of people being one with nature Henri Bergson, french philosopher (vitalism - the desires of life that * you repress) * Great faith in technology - communities that don’t participate in technology are viewed as backwards. Technology is viewed as progress * * Marx thought that society was moving theological thought telos (end) * Key narrative form is realism Madame Bovary is all about that realism * 20TH CENTURY * Doubt about technology around WWII Technology’s not just the car and the TV, it’s also the machine gun * and the tank - now there’s fear of technology * Movie: Metropolis (1927) german film based on a book written by dir. Fritz Lang’s wife. Made this during Nazism. Center of the story is a robot, and the robot is out of control. The robot is trying to manipulate it’s workers. It manipulates crowds. The robot is represented by a woman’s body * monopoly capitalism - big businesses corporations Fathers- the importance of the father- Kafka attacked and disliked * his father * Faster and faster, moving into cities is exciting, people moving away from the countryside because it is boring Cities promise of jobs and social life * * Offices and shops, creation of white collar jobs * New woman - moved to city, lived by themselves, and chose to live by themselves Crisis of experience - everything we experience now is superficial. * This modern shocking reality is too scary * Boredom is a modern affect * Energy Realism is harder in this energetic world, creators are trying to * capture * Modern Times - Charlie MODERNISM IN GENERAL Chaplin * modern life is faster, but also more regimented * In 19th century we have the crowd, the masses * Crowds have something uncontainable (the barricades) * people need to do “something” * 1920s, 1930s, 1940s, totalitarianism, racism (nazis) * The aestheticism of technology is now starting to enter the work place, this is where teloism comes into place (conveyor belt, assembly lines, same movement over and over again) * Henry Ford used teloism * 1890s there was a big push for marketing, connected to colonialism, colonialism is an act of exploitation for resources RATIONALAND THE IRRATIONAL * Facism, your own self determined in your subject. Your expected to listen to everything your leader says, and identify with him WHYALLTHIS? * These are all the issues that will emerge when we start reading these texts * technology, urbanization, consumption, rationality of consumption, institutionalized religion, vitalism etc. * Zola, modern cathedrals are the department store, where people go to worship objects not God * Freud and the unconscious, a new form of rationality * Context MADAME BOVARY * Bored woman * Lives in Normandy country side * 19th century * marries a doctor * fantasizes and takes lovers, often known for being bored * consumer * Emma is more interested in the theatre ZOLA * later 19th century Denise is the opposite of Emma Bovary * * producer * goes to work for her uncle * Denise comes upon a huge of department store, and she starts to work there despite people makes fun of her. Ending is very optimistic. She’s not a squanderer * new woman PROUST * Remembrance of things past * All about experience, and the different experiences and memory * Memory is no longer something that can be evolved by an object * Real memory is something that might come to you. You can’t just recall it WOOLFE * book about memory autobiographical * * set in the south close to Ireland * eulogy for her mother who had died * book about loss, and how art can compensate for that loss Trying to paint people and the people she loves * * character that creates this art of togetherness with her family MANN * Modernist * German author who ran away from Nazism to LA * Magic Mountain * Olden man who is in love with a younger man * autobiographical * in Venice with his family, this young boy arrives and Mann thought he was the most beautiful thing he had ever seen * Older man in the book goes to Venice to better his heart, juxtaposes the erotic to the aesthetic. I’m admiring this boy as art. KAFKA * Czechoslovakian * Sansa, traveling salesman, wakes up one morning and finds that he turns into a bug * about humanism, and the story of a man who cannot go to work PEREC * production and consumption * youth they don’t want to grow up * * growing up is exciting, but these characters want to linger * happiness - consumerist version of happiness CALVINO *Late 70s, 1960s book though * narrative experimentation * One book that contains ten stories * everything falls in place in the end * 1960s book because it attacks authority * puzzle TABUCCHI *portugese novel story about the 1930s, italianism and facism in Portugal under the * Tsalazar *One day a man comes to his office and asks to be hired *the man tells him to write obituaries This young man is part of the resistance * *In life no matter what you do you get involved Summary: Topic____________________ Class: C Lit 30C ________________________ _ Date: 8/3 Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: PLOT OVERVIEW * Emma starts her life as a bored married woman * She gets so bored that she gets ill * Begins with Charles ends with the Pharmacist * Assistant (leion) falls in love with Madame Bovary, he is also very bored, they bond over their love of Paris * They almost fall in love, and then he moves * Emma gets more depressed * Love affair with the servant, Rudolph * Agriculture fair in Part II PICKING UP FROM THE CONVENT * What does she learn? painting, geography, piano. Basically how to be an ornamental wife. * She gets very into romance novels * She’s after a pallid existence or she wants the life of someone from the upper class * women actually become sick from boredom BALL * Charles is just a weeb (he literally stands for 5 hours doing nothing) * Emma wants to dance and not be a week * women were allowed to drink wine EMMA, MOTHERHOOD, NATURE * Emma goes to visit her daughter in the countryside being breast fed by a wet nurse with Leion all about dirt and death, so motherhood is kind of associated with * this * Emma is not a being of nature * Marx’s species being? AGRICULTURALAFFAIR * Emma goes to fair with Rudolph * They give prizes to people who work the hardest Emma’s hand vs. the old woman’s hand * * Not enough work vs. too much work GENDERAND POWER * Emma and Rudolphe: who’s in charge? Rudolph. * Emma and Leon: Leon still. Summary: Topic____________________ Class: C Lit 30C ________________________ _ Date: 8/4 Questions/Main Ideas: Notes: * Homais is basically the child of enlightenment “Instead of poison, she would have been necessary” - Homais * Coach driver is drunk, Homais scolds him * Homes scolds the beggar * Madam Bovary recognizes the beggar before she dies, jumps up on the bed * Homais believes that the beggar, the coach driver, and Emma are all in the same category, they need to be removed from society * “shame” - very social affect, you broke a law that is kept by us all * the defining mode for Emma is intoxication, addiction, refusal of reality, the refusal to reject herself to the social law * drugs for Emma is literature, the stuff she buys, and her own desire * Emma is on the side of the artificial (drinks vinegar, eats unripe fruit) ANTAGONISTS * Emma and Homais Emma melts * * Homais consolidates * Emma romanticizes * Homais is cynical Addiction vs. war * * The subject of modernity is a subject of desire * illegal vs legal DRUGS * you cannot have a society without drugs * can there be the law without the outlaw * EMMAAND LEON *famous scene - inside the coach with the blinds closed, coach isn’t going anywhere in particular, every time the coach tries to stop they tell the coach to keep going, the whole town kind of knows * this is the scene that takes Flaubert to court, this is basically like porn for the 19th century COUNTERFIGURE * the blind man Abject - physical repulsion, disturbance that we all distance * ourselves from * because Emma is the abject, she must die TRANSGRESSIVE * she sleeps out * she sets up a desire * she identifies with fictional characters Summary:


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