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ANSC 250, Week 1Notes

by: Alice Trellakis

ANSC 250, Week 1Notes ANSC 250

Alice Trellakis
GPA 3.3
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About this Document

These notes cover the first two lectures.
Companion Animals in Society
Albert, S
Class Notes
Domestication, animal, companion animals




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alice Trellakis on Friday August 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 250 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by Albert, S in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views.

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Date Created: 08/05/16
ANSC *first reflective post due Monday via Compass  What is a companion animal? o Provide company to humans, kept for pleasure rather than utility, receives personal attention, main benefits are non-commercial, “pets” o Additional roles: Guarding/Protection, Search/Rescue, Racing, Hunting, etc.  Human-Animal Bong o Mutually beneficial and dynamic relationship b/w people & animals that’s influenced by behaviors that are essential to the health/well-being of both  Benefits: Reduce stress, promotes healthier lifestyles, increases social interaction, self-esteem, etc.  Domestication & Social History of Companion Animals o Domestication (Refers to a population of animals where traits are passed to offspring and changes in physical and behavioral traits) o Guns Germs & Steel by Jarod Diamond  Flexible Diet  Reasonably fast growth rate  Ability to be bred in captivity (Increased reproduction)  Pleasant disposition  Even temperament  Modifiable social hierarchy  We also often see physical variability (size, color, etc) o NOT TAMING  Refers to an individual animal  Retention of wild characteristics  Traits are not passed on to offspring o Finding one animal and managing to tame it doesn’t mean “tameness” in its genes o “Functional Domestication” (Morphological changes)  When and Where – Dogs o Believed to come around 16,000 years ago o Where is highly debated and currently unknown o How:  Human Mediated Domestication  Clutton-Brock “Wolves as resources for food/fur, pups are a travel snack”  Taking in orphaned wolf puppies, keeping the most tame, culling those too aggressive to handle  Self Domestication  Dogs domesticated themselves  Most naturally tame wolves scavenged close to human settlements and got more food -> became more fit/likely to successfully reproduce  Natural selection creates the domesticated dog o Tameness vs. Domestication  Raising Wolf Puppies=  Taming  Silver Fox Experiment =  Domestication o Origin of Variability  Pariah or Village dogs  First purebred was the Saluki (5-6,000 ya)  Selective Breeding (intentionally choosing wanted traits)  Pre 1800s used purely for function  Early 1800s concern with form  Post WWII became family dog (“American Dream”) and increased demand for purebred  Today very selective breeding with Kennel Clubs o Kennel Clubs were founded in 1873 in the UK for dog breeders (ie. American Kennel Club, Cat Fancier’s Association) o Issues with breed standards and inbreeding (182 commonly known inbred diseases)  When and Where – Cats o Emerged 8,000 years ago from the Fertile Crescent to catch mice o Origin of Variability – mostly relied on different coat colors, fur length  Ancient Egypt first domesticated for respected religious rituals  Middle Ages changed the perception of cats to be connected to witchcraft, the devil to be killed o Majority today are called domestic short, medium, and longhaired cats (mutts) o


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