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ANSC 103, HORSE Material

by: Samantha Brown

ANSC 103, HORSE Material ANSC 103

Samantha Brown
GPA 3.5

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About this Document

Week 5-6 Horse tools and types of diseases.
Working With Farm Animals
Cobb, AHurley, WParsons, C
Class Notes
health, equine
25 ?




Popular in Working With Farm Animals

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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Brown on Friday August 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANSC 103 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by Cobb, AHurley, WParsons, C in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Working With Farm Animals in Animal Science at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.


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Date Created: 08/05/16
Ansc 206 Review Hoof Nippers: trim hoof wall Shoe Pullers: remove old shoes Hoof Knife: Trim excess dead sole from bottom of foot Applying New shoes Driving hammer: Drives nails through shoe holes, through hoof wall and then twist off points. Clinch Block: Held under broken off ends of nails ,whicle striking nail head. Clinchers(alligator clinchers) Rounding hammer: shapes hot shoes. Cutoff hardy: cut off the heels of hot shoes Pritchel: makes holes in hot shoe Normal Vital signs -Temperature: 99.5-101.5 Pulse: 33-55 beats per minute Respiration: 8-15 Capillary Refill time: 1-2 sec Mucous Bring, clear pink, moist. Tetanus: Mortality above 70% Two times 2-4 weeks after primary immunization Yearly Boosters Mares- prefoaling so foals have colostrum protection Foals at 3-4mths Boosters given when injuried Sleeping Sickness(EEE, WEE, VEE) Caused by mosquitos EEE-90% mortality but WEE only 20-30% 2 x 2-4 weeks apart Yearly/Twice a year Foals 3-4mths West Nile Virus 2x 2-4wks Yearly boosters 3 Doses for young horse Influenza Equine Virus Morbidity High Mortality Low: immunity only lasts about 3-4 mths 2x 2-4 wks Booster only if needed. Start foals at 6mths of age Rhinopneumonitis: Equine Herpesvirus(EHV1) Morbidity high Mortality low Abortion rates vary Immunity lasts 2-3mths 2 x 2-4 wks Booster if needed Pregnant mares at 5,7,9mths Start foals at 3-4mths Strangles: Streptococcus Equi Morbibity vary Mortality low Immunity?? Rabies: 2 x 2-4wks Yearly boosters High Risk areas Valuable animals Equine Viral Arteritis Viral Disease imilar to Rhino or flu May cause abortions in pregnant mares Only give vaccination in the event of an outbreak MLV vaccine Test prior to vaccination Abortion?? Potomac Horse Fever Ehrlichia Ristici 2x 2-4wks Effective? Only in high risk areas Recommended Vaccines: West Nile Virus Tetanus Toxid Encephalomyelitis (EEE,WEE,VEE) Influenze-6mths Rhino(EHV1+EHV4) Strangles Rabies Considerations: Time of year Type of disease Value of animals Money Prevalence of disease Common Parasites Ascarids: Foals and yearlings Strongyles: Large-> bloodworms. Blood Flow blockages to gut- colic Small->encysted larvae in intestinal walls that are hard to kill Pin Worms- irritate Rectum- tail rubbing Bots- Insect parasite Eggs laid on body of horse, during grooming, ingestes them and stomach lining filled with them Dewormers 1. Ivermectin 2. Moxidectin 3. Fenbendazole (Panacur, Safeguard)  4. Oxfenbendazole (Benzelmin) 5. Piperazine 6. Pyrantel tartrate, etc. (Strongid) 7. Praziquantel (usually in combination w/ an avermectin to control tapeworms) Management to reduce Parasite Load Regular Cleaning of stables and paddocks Feeding hay in mangers or nets Don’t spread manure where horses may encounter Avoid wet pastures-rain,dew, flooding Chain harrow Graze cattle in horse pasture Coggins testing (Equine Infectious Anemia test- no vaccine for EIA) Farrier Dental Care Nutirition Emergency supplies External parasites Housing for Horses Stabled horses prone to vices Wood Chewing Pawing Weaving Cribbing Horses in Houses barn: Remove CO2 Manure Dust Water vapor Molds Ammonia Stall Flooring Durable Non-slip Absorbent Easy to clean Resistant to pawing and digging Stall Size: Height 8ft Alleyways: 9ft 10 x 10 min Stallions: 12x 14 Foaling stalls: 12x 16 Tie stalls: 5x 9 At least 1 foot between top of partition and ceiling for air movement. Stall doors: 4 ft wide by 8 ft high Sliding One-piece hinged Hinged double doors Air Quality Control 4-8 air changes per hour to reduce contaminants to tolerable levels. Keeps temp from rising more than 5 degrees New barns, should have at least 6 inch ridge vents with a min 12-14in overhang and a vented soffit running the full length At least one foot of ridge ventilation for each horse or stall in the barn Horse Fencing Board fencing: traditional. Attractive, visible, relatively safe Higher maintenance costs than some types of fence. Wire Fences Lower maintenance, problems with visibility Pipe Fencing Low maintenance, good visibility Digestive Tract Stomach-- Small intestine- AA, soluble CHO from grain, fats, oils Cecum/Large Colon- bacteria to digest cellulose to VFAs Small Colon- water and urea Hind gut fermentation Fiber-------VFAS( proprionate, acetate, butyrate)-------absorbed coverted to glucose Geriatric- may need to have feed finely ground to compensate for poor teeth/absorption Protein High quailtiy and amount. AA Soy and Milk based. NOT DISTILLER GRAINS OR CORN BY PRODUCTS MacroMinerals Calicum, phosphorus, Magnesium, Potassium, Sodium, Chloride


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