Global Studies week 7
Global Studies week 7 global
Popular in intro to global studies 1
Popular in Global Studies
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anahit Ghaltaghchyan on Friday August 5, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to global at University of California Santa Barbara taught by Dr. Philip McCarty in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see intro to global studies 1 in Global Studies at University of California Santa Barbara.
Reviews for Global Studies week 7
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 08/05/16
08/06/2016 ▯ Lecture 9-Modern Warfare ▯ War changed in the 20 century th ▯ Alliances created by nationalism ▯ No longer combined to battlefields ▯ Total energies of citizens of all nations involved ▯ Fought to point of exhaustion ▯ Destroyed seven empires- Ottoman, Russian, German, Austro- Hungarian, Japanese, British, Soviet ▯ World war I- War of attrition ▯ Nations fought over relative national status roles in world affairs ▯ Roles defined by shifts in boundaries, colonial possessions, military power ▯ Neither side sought massive consequences ▯ War of attrition in which weapons of defense dominated ▯ Machine guns, barbed wire, trench ▯ Trenched Warfare ▯ Double line of opposing defensive trenches ▯ Eventually extended from Swiss border to North Sea ▯ In 3.5 years never moved more than 10 miles either direction ▯ Getting caught in the wire ▯ ▯ Cost of WWI ▯ 16 million dead ▯ 9.7 million military ▯ 6.8 million civilians ▯ 21 million wounded ▯ eviscerated an entire generation ▯ UK 9% men aged 25-40 killed ▯ Bankrupted combatants ▯ Introduced indiscriminant weapons of mass destruction ▯ WWI destroyed ideals ▯ Industrialized killing destroyed romance of war ▯ Destroyed “tragedy of death” ▯ “not only did the young suffer in the war, but every abstraction that would have sustained and given dignity to their suffering. The war made traditional morality unacceptable” ▯ ended an era ▯ ended pax britannica ▯ ended high modernity ▯ ended the European class system ▯ ended faith in empire ▯ survivors left to face world in which long held values were questioned ▯ Irony becomes a big part of literature ▯ Because of ghastly disproportion between ends and means ▯ Only way to recall, locate, explain or express the events of the war became by seeing it ironic ▯ Treaty of Versailles 1919 ▯ Ended war with Germany ▯ Established league of nations ▯ War guilt clause assigned sole responsibilities to Germany ▯ Germanys leaders tried as war criminals ▯ Germany required o pay reparations, lost territories and colonies ▯ Shandong province retuned tod Japan instea of returning it to China ▯ US and WWI ▯ The US was late to join WWI ▯ Us participation was very limited ▯ US losses did not compare to France, Germany, England, and colonial contributors such as Australia ▯ US returned to isolation ▯ Roaring 20’s ▯ Causes of WWII ▯ Nationalism and imperialism ▯ Resentment over treaty of Versailles ▯ Great depression ▯ Competing economic ideologies ▯ Anti-communism in Germany ▯ Rise of fascism and militarism in Italy, Germany, and Japan ▯ Japanese search for raw materialism ▯ Aims of world war II ▯ Ideological capitalism/fascism/ communism ▯ Combatants sought a fundamental reordering of globe ▯ Struggle not only for control of resources and territory but who should control the world ▯ Extermination of the whole peoples ▯ Enslavement of tens of millions of others ▯ Changes in the scope of the world ▯ War ranged over all oceans and continents ▯ No longer confined to battlefield ▯ Total energies of industries and citizens of all nations involved ▯ Fought to point of exhaustion ▯ Destroyed remaining empires: German, Japanese, French, American and Italian ▯ War/Depression ▯ By the time the US entered WWII in 1941 much of Europe had already been devastated by 27 years of conflict ▯ Pear Harbor ended isolationism for us ▯ Proxy war- Spanish civil war 1936-39 in Spain. Spanish Civil War. Communists, fascist and capitalists all get involved ▯ ▯ Battle of Kursk 1943- on the Russian front. German blitz__ got stopped. Russian intelligence knew that the Germans were going to invade. Pre staged ▯ Still holds records for biggest tank battle in history (1000) ▯ Biggest aerial losses ▯ First time Blitzkrieg stopped before it could penetrate enemy defense ▯ Changed the ride of war ▯ Germany began a long retreat ▯ Dday June 6, 1944-US shows up to germany. Stops Germany from being attacked by the Russians and ultimately becoming communist. Russian forces were pressing towards Berlin ▯ Europe was about to fall to the communists ▯ ▯ Dresden Fire bombing 1945 ▯ One of the biggest massacres: Fire bombing of Dresden, allied bombers killed 25000+ killed in one night after the outcome of the war was already clear ▯ Cost of WWII ▯ Extent of physical destruction and loss of life was catastrophic ▯ Double or triple losses of WWI ▯ 55 million killed ▯ excludes people in Burma, China, Japan and other East Asian nations ▯ Bankrupted Germany Japan Italy France and Soviet Union England ▯ Ruined Europe’s infrastructures and with it most of the industrialized capacity of the world ▯ Only US came out of the war much stronger economically ▯ New form of Despotism Fascism ▯ Form of political behavior marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation, victimhood ▯ Cult of national unity and ethnic purity ▯ Party of militant nationalists ▯ In collaboration with traditional elites ▯ Abandon democratic liberties for internal cleansing and external expansion ▯ With redemptive violence and without ethical/legal restraints ▯ ▯ At Auschwitz some 12,000 Jews killed per day ▯ Murder industrialized and bureaucratized cancels guilt ▯ Rest of world watched with mixture of horror and indifference ▯ Ex.Milgrim experiment came out of this ▯ ▯ ▯ Movie Life and Debt ▯ ▯ Lecture 10- Universalizing Human Rights ▯ ▯ Ancient rights ▯ Indian and Chinese concept ▯ Greek and Roman citizens ▯ Biblical basis of God Given rights ▯ Magna Carta ▯ Black forest ▯ ▯ Natural rights of individuals ▯ Derived from 18 century rights language th ▯ Portraiture in the mid to late 18 century th ▯ The novel of letters ▯ These art forms reflected in literature and art ▯ Portraits typically of royals before. Rise of middle and working class.. Portraits of common people. Novels and literature about ordinary people ▯ ▯ Constitutional Rights ▯ Enlightenment ideas written into constitution ▯ American revolution and bill of rights ▯ French revolutions declaration of the rights of man and citizen ▯ Rights exclusively associated with citizenship ▯ No longer god given, natural, or universal ▯ With nationalism rights became more secular, contractual ▯ ▯ Natural rights to civil and political rights ▯ With the spread of nationalism and democracy our basic rights become tied to, or you could say trapped within the nation-state ▯ Gradual expansion of who could claim rights ▯ White men with property ▯ All men ▯ All women ▯ Minorities, indigenous people, disabled, children ▯ LGBT communities? ▯ Undocumented workers? ▯ Throughout the modern era, there was a struggle to differentiate different conceptions of natural, civil and universal human rights to reach beyond the boundries of the nation-state ▯ Rights beyond the state ▯ If the modern concept of rights developed within the nation state, then how did we move form national to international rights? ▯ Geneva conventions I to 4 ▯ Rights of the wounded and sick on the battlefield ▯ Napoleon III and Italy ▯ Red cross (founded in 1863)- first international humanitarian organization ▯ American civil war (1861-65) ▯ Sharpsburg/Antietum (1862) 23,000 dead. Single bloodiest day of civil war. Taken place on union soil. ▯ Era of photography ▯ ▯ Conventions II and III ▯ Russian Japanese war 1905 ▯ Naval battles ▯ Sailors left adrift of marooned ▯ Third convention 1929 ▯ WWI the rights of prisoners of war ▯ ▯ Assumptions behind human rights? ▯ Intuition that humans beings belong to one rather than many species ▯ Entitles all the equal moral consideration ▯ Negatively this means that perceiving differences between people is morally irrelevant ▯ Positively it means treating others ▯ As we would like to be treated ourselves ▯ Fairly (with justice) reduces cruelty and undeserved suffering ▯ Big bang od human rights ▯ Human rights took a giant leap toward universal, international rights at the end of WWII ▯ At the end of modernity ▯ ▯ Hiroshima and Nagasaki ▯ ▯ Atomic victory/nightmare ▯ Realization that if there was a WWIII it could kill nations ▯ Civilization itself could die ▯ This primal fear of extinction was the primary motivation behind ▯ Geneva convention IV ▯ United nations and human rights ▯ Nuremberg trials ▯ McCarthyism (second red scare) ▯ Cold War (1945-1991) ▯ Context of Human rights ▯ Part of wider reordering of international relations after WWII ▯ Before WWII the phrase international rights applied to only nation states ▯ Rights revolution paradoxically led by states that didn’t always practice what they preached ▯ Race, gender and class segregation ▯ Employment, housing and education discrimination ▯ Jim crow laws still in place in USA. End at civil rights at 1964 ▯ ▯ ▯
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'