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Health Chapter 1 Notes

by: Shania Moore

Health Chapter 1 Notes Health 101

Shania Moore
Ozarks Technical Community College
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

The first set of notes from Health class. Chapter 1
Lifetime Wellness
Class Notes
health, wellness, Introduction, Introtohealth
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shania Moore on Saturday August 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Health 101 at Ozarks Technical Community College taught by in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Lifetime Wellness in Health at Ozarks Technical Community College.

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Date Created: 08/06/16
Wednesday, August 10, y Health Ch. 1  ­ A century ago, the term health was used to mean merely the absence of illness or  injury.  ­ Physical Health: How well your body functions, and how well you care for it.  ­ Intellectual Health: A willingness  to take on new intellectual challenges, openness  to new ideas and skills, a capacity to think critically and a sense of humor and  curiosity ­ Psychological Health: Mental health, emotional health, and aspects of spiritual  health.  ­ Spiritual Health:  The beliefs and values held that lend meaning to life.  ­ Social Health: The quality of interactions and relationships with others ­ Environmental Health: The quality of home, work, school, and social environments  as well as the health of our planet ­ Occupational Health: The quality of our relationship with work  ­ Acute vs. Chronic Illness ­ An acute illness is one that comes on suddenly and intensely ­ Chronic Illnesses become noticeable only gradually and last a long time ­ Signs and Symptoms:   ­ A Sign is an objective indication of a person’s health status ­ Symptom is a subjective experience reported by a patient  1 Wednesday, August 10, y ­ Health Promotion is the process of helping people improve their health ­ Disease Prevention refers more specifically to actions taken to reduce the incidence  of diseases  ­ A Cause is a factor that is directly responsible for a certain result ­ A Risk Factor is  characteristic that increases the likelihood that a person will  develop a disease or illness ­ Life Expectancy  is the average number of years a person may expect to live.  ­ The current life expectancy at birth in the United States is a record 78.7 years.   —  • This is nearly 15 years longer than it was in 1940  ­ Top Five Causes of Death in the US  • Heart Disease • Cancer  • Chronic lower respiratory disease • Stroke  • Accidents/unintentional injuries  • Social Determinant: Social determinants are the economic and societal conditions in which people live and which can impair their health or help them thrive • Physical Determinants are physical conditions in the environment • Health services include availability of quality preventative and medical care as well  as access to that care.  2 Wednesday, August 10, y • Policy­Making: Policies at the local, state, and federal levels also affect health.   Increasing taxes on cigarettes for example, improves health by reducing the  number of people who smoke.  ­ Policy making also includes corporate initiatives.  Factors that influence behavior change •  Predisposing factors: The physical, mental, emotional, and environmental factors  that shape current behavior • Enabling factors: The skills, assets, capacities, and resources you have at your  disposal to help make lasting changes • Reinforcing factors: Encouragements and rewards that promote behavior change.  • Self­Efficacy is both the conviction that you can make successful changes and the  ability to take appropriate action to do so.  • Strategies for change • Self­Talk is a persons internal dialogue, which you can use to fill your mind with  thoughts that affirm your ability to change. Avoid negative self­talk  • You can also engage in self­monitoring, observing and recording aspects of your  behavior change process.  • Two strategies that prevent lapses include • Cue Control­ in which you learn to change the stimuli that provoke your unwanted  behavior • Counter­Conditioning ­ in which you learn to substitute a healthful or neutral  behavior for the unwanted behavior when it’s triggered by a cue beyond your control • Campus Advocacy • Advocacy: working independently or with others to directly improve services in or  other aspects of your environment, or to change related policies or legislation.  3


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