ANT 2000 Week 1: Syllabus, Chapters 1 & 2
ANT 2000 Week 1: Syllabus, Chapters 1 & 2 ANT 2000
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jaye Wagner on Saturday August 6, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 2000 at Florida Atlantic University taught by Valentina L. Martinez in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Anthropology in Arts and Humanities at Florida Atlantic University.
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Date Created: 08/06/16
Lecture notes from Monday, August 25, 2014. Chapter 2: Culture Enculturation: Learning about/being immersed in your own culture ● The process by which a child learns about his or her culture ● Enculturation is universal ● We respond to a situation using our cultural context/values Anthropologist named Taylor: Cultures: Systems of human behavior and thought obey natural laws, so they can be studied scientifically. ● Nuclear Family (immediate) is an American culture characteristic, but is not universal ● Human culture learning depends on the uniquely developed human capacity to use symbols ● Symbols: signs that have no necessary or natural connection with the things for which they stand Theory of evolution, primates and humans come from the same stem although they are very different. We all come from common origin. Continuing to evolve: color vision, depth perception, dexterity of the hands, brain development, and most importantlyculture! We have been stable in evolution for millions of years, this we know through artifacts ● Cultural adaptation to the environment American culture Individualism (not universal) ● Emphasis on individuals instead of on groups Clifford Geertz: Culture is ideas based on cultural learning and symbols. Symbols require context to have meaning and they have different meanings in different countries. ● Culture is learned through direct instruction and observation Anthropologists in the 19th century argued for a “psychic unity of man” ● All human populations share the same capacity for culture Culture is integrated it is a patchwork machine ● Integrated, patterned systems > if one part changes, then another part will change too ● Core values: key, basic, or central values “Maladapted” practices: harmful adaptations made by a culture ● Segregation ● Agricultural practices (artificial/chemicals) ● Takes a lot of time and generations to change back ● Reinvention Culture is instrumental, adaptive, and maladaptive. ● Humans have biological and cultural ways of coping with environmental stresses ● Many modern cultural patterns may be maladaptive in the long term Culture’s evolutionary basis the nature of nonhuman primates How we differ from primates ● Cooperation/sharing are much more developed in humans ● Humans mate throughout the year ● Human females lack a visible estrus cycle and ovulation is concealed ● Humans are “monogamous” ● Humans pair off outside of their own group What we share with primates ● Substantial gap between primate society and fully developed human culture ● Ability to learn/change behavior ● Tools ● Aims and throw objects ● To hunt/organize/to kill Universality, Generality, and Particularity ● Universality Exists in every culture ● Generality: Exists in some but not all societies ○ Invention ○ Nuclear family ○ Diffusion ○ Colonization ● Particularity: Distinctive or unique cultural trait, pattern, or integration. Culture is very diverse, universal traits are seldom discovered. Human Rights: Rights based on justice and morality beyond and superior to particular countries, cultures, and religions. Cultural rights: Rights vested in religious and ethnic minorities and indigenous societies Intellectual Property Rights (IPR): ● An indigenous group’s collective knowledge and it’s applications Lecture notes from Wednesday, August 20, 2014. Chapter 1: What is Anthropology? ● We study culture; human beings and their products ● Explores human diversity across time and space ● Holistic and comparative ● Seeks to understand the human condition ● Diversity that comes through human adaptability ● Long term/short term biological adaptation ● We make culture visible observation, analysis, comparing in regards to other cultures, to realize patterns and make generalizations about human behavior Holistic: The study of the whole human condition: past, present, and the future; biology, nature, and culture. ● Anthropology is a holistic and comparative science ● Father of anthropology is Franz Boaz General Anthropology has 4 subfields 1. Sociocultural / Cultural Anthropology 2. Archaeology 3. Biological Anthropology 4. Linguistic Anthropology ● All subfields consider time, space, and consider the complex relationship between biology and culture. ● Early 19th century studies on Native Americans Cultural Anthropology human societies and culture explains society/culture similarities and differences ● Two kinds of activities: 1. Ethnography (based on fieldwork): a. Provides a description of a particular group b. Gathers field data to make an account c. Very diverse field settings 2. Ethnology: a. Provides interpretation of data gathered by ethnography b. Explains similarities and differences, test hypothesis, build general theories and generalizations. Archaeology Study of past human activity ● Go on excavations and collect data ● Reconstructs, describes, and interprets human behavior and cultural patterns through material remains. ● Sites: locations where people lived in the past ● Analysis of artifacts reconstruct patterns of production, consumption, and trade. ● Paleoecology: understanding the relationship between human groups and the environment by examining the ecology ● Prehistoric archaeology, historic archaeology Biological Also called Physical Anthropology (Multiciplindicinary) ● Human biological diversity ● Human evolution (paleoanthropology) ● Human genetics ● Human growth and development ● Human biological plasticity (the body’s ability to change as it copes with stress) ● Primatology (biology, evolution, behavior, and social life of nonhuman primates) Linguistic ● Studies language in cultural context ● Evolution of language ● Structure, description of language ● Relationship between language and cultural setting “Anthropology is one of the most humanistic of all academic fields because of its fundamental respect for human diversity.” Bronislaw Malinowski and the Oedipus Complex ● Fieldwork among the Trobriand Islanders in the South Pacific ● Oedipus Complex young boys jealous of fathers over mothers ● Malinowski observed a maternal society ○ Matrilineal society (consider themselves related to the mother and her family but not to the father) ○ Relative who disciplines the child is the mother’s brother ● According to Anthropology, individual psychology is molded in specific cultural context Applied Anthropology Two dimensions: academic and practical ● The application of anthropological data, perspectives, theories, and methods to identify, assess, and solve current social problems ● Subfields of applied: Health, Business, Market Research, Family Planning, Economic Development, and Cultural Resource Management Examples of Applied Anthropology Medical Anthropology Medical anthropologists draw upon social, cultural, biological, and linguistic anthropology to better understand those factors which influence health and wellbeing, the experience and distribution of illness, the prevention and the treatment of sickness, and the healing processes crossculturally. FAU Fall 2014 ANT 2000-001 Introduction to Anthropology (This is a 3-credit hour course) Time and Location: M/W 1:00 p.m. - 2:20 p.m., Bld. KH, # 102 Instructor: Prof. Valentina L. Martinez, M.A. in Anthropology, ABD. Office Hours: Mondays and Wednesdays 11: 00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m.; or by appointment. Office Location/Phone: SO Bldg., Room #181, phone (561) 297- 0991, Anthropology office (561) 297-3230. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org This course is included in the Intellectual Foundations Program, Foundations of Social Behavior (see below). This course uses I-Clicker for attendance. Make sure you purchase it at the FAU bookstore. Teaching Assistants: The professor and the teaching assistants work as a team and are available to assist you in your study and comprehension of the field of Anthropology. The teaching assistants are your first point of contact. They are available during discussion sessions, office hours, by email, or by phone. 1) Tony Chamoun, email@example.com Discussion Sections: ANT 2000-005 and ANT 2000-007 Office Location: SO Bldg., Room #180 Office Hours: M/W 11:30 am – 12:30 pm and 2:30 pm – 3:30 pm; F 11:30 am – 12:30 pm 2) Andres Garzon-Oechsle, firstname.lastname@example.org Discussion Sections: ANT 2000-004 and ANT 2000- 006 Office Location: SO Bldg., Room #180 Office Hours: M/W 4:30 pm – 5:30 pm; T 5:45 pm – 6:45 pm 3) Ryan Steeves, email@example.com Discussion Sections: ANT 2000-002 and ANT 2000-003 Office Location: SO Bldg., Room #180 Office Hours: M/W 2:30 pm – 4:00 pm Course Description: Anthropology encompasses the study of the prehistoric, historic, and present- day development of humans as both social and biological creatures. This broad topical and temporal framework for studying humankind typically leads to the division of anthropology into four fairly distinct fields: physical anthropology, archaeology, socio-cultural anthropology, and linguistic anthropology. For analytical purposes, we will discuss these four fields separately, but the links among them are debated repeatedly throughout the course. The course follows an integrative approach reflecting the broad character of our discipline where members of our species are studied in their totality. As anthropologists, we believe that in order to understand humanity in all of its complexity we need to learn the systemic interplay between humans, culture, 1 and the environment. We will begin with an exploration of the roots of humanity in the fossil and archaeological record, and then we will examine both the great diversity and the commonality amongst contemporary cultural groups. Course Goals: Students will learn about human ancestors and evolution. Students will learn about the domestications of plants and animals, the origins of settled life, and the development of the first cities and states. Students will learn about human cultural variations in terms of family, kinship, political organizations, economy, and religion. Students will learn about globalization and its impact in cultures today. Required Text and Other Materials and Resources: 1) This course requires a “special package” which includes your textbook “Anthropology: Appreciating Human Diversity,” by Conrad Phillip Kottak in a special binder-ready version and your ConnectPlus access code. ConnectPlus, is an online platform that contains your online textbook (as specified above) plus a series of resources such as, LEARNSMART and SMARTBOOK. These online resources are designed to facilitate studying and comprehension of the materials presented in class. This special package is available at the FAU Bookstore only. a. Connect Plus, contains chapter summaries, chapter quizzes, exam preparations, flashcards, films, access to external resources, etc. b. LearnSmart is a series of adaptive quizzing/learning modules. Each student will have a unique experience with this online resource as it adapts to your specific needs. c. SMARTBOOK is an adaptive reading experience. It takes the data from LearnSmart and highlights critical information on your online textbook to facilitate your learning needs. Please note that you can complete your LearnSmart assignments inside SMARTBOOK as well. 2) IClicker: This course uses I-Clicker for attendance. Make sure you purchase it at the FAU bookstore. Student Responsibility and Classroom etiquette policy I expect you to bring the following to every class Preparation – You are responsible for preparing diligently for each class by reading the applicable portions of the textbook as indicated in the tentative course calendar and by actively participating in class. Attitude –You are responsible for bringing a positive learning attitude to each class. A positive attitude helps create a vibrant learning environment. To facilitate a positive learning environment, the following classroom rules will be enforced: 2 Use of electronic devices (i.e. cell phone, laptop, ipod, etc.) is not permitted. The only exception is that students may use laptops for taking notes. However, laptops should not be used during class for visiting social networking sites, surfing the internet, chatting or any other purposes. Talking with classmates during lecture is not permitted. Sleeping during class is not permitted. Eating during class is not permitted. Students violating the classroom rules will not be permitted to attend class. Professional Conduct To foster a more professional learning environment, and to develop habits that lead to success in the real world, all participants must engage in professional behavior, including: Taking responsibility for individual actions. Attending each class session, including arriving promptly and leaving at the designated time. If for any reason you need to leave the class session before the official ending time, please notify me of your departure at the beginning of my class. Being attentive and an active participant in group activities and class discussions. Respecting diversity in the classroom and treating everyone involved in the class in a civil manner. Meeting all deadlines in the course for exams, assignments, etc. Missing Exams If you have a valid reason for missing an exam, (medical emergency, family emergency, university-scheduled events, religious observation, or class conflict), please contact us immediately to reschedule the exam. Missing Exams have to be rescheduled right away. If you do not have a valid reason for missing an exam, or you failed to reschedule your exam, a zero grade may be assigned. To reschedule an exam is your responsibility not ours. Incompletes There are no incompletes for this course except in the case of extraordinary circumstances (for example, excessive absences due to severe illness). The instructor determines when an incomplete is appropriate. In no case an incomplete is given unless the student is passing the course with a C or better at the time the incomplete is requested. Electronic Communication Blackboard and FAU email will be used in this course for content delivery, homework, and other communications. Accordingly, it is the student’s responsibility to check the Blackboard course site and FAU email account for announcements, etc. 3 Religious Holidays It is the responsibility of the student to promptly notify the professor of any conflicts due to religious observance so that accommodations can be arranged. Accommodations for Disabilities: “In compliance with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), students who require reasonable accommodations due to a disability to properly execute coursework must register with the Office for Students with Disabilities (OSD) —in Boca Raton, SU 133 (561-297-3880); in Davie, LA 240 (954-236-1222); in Jupiter, SR 110 (561-799-8010); or at the Treasure Coast, CO 117 (772-873- 3382)—and follow all OSD procedures.” Code of Academic Integrity: “Students at Florida Atlantic University are expected to maintain the highest ethical standards. Academic dishonesty is considered a serious breach of these ethical standards, because it interferes with the University mission to provide a high quality education in which no student enjoys an unfair advantage over any other. Academic dishonesty is also destructive of the University community, which is grounded in a system of mutual trust and places high value on personal integrity and individual responsibility. Harsh penalties are associated with academic dishonesty”. “Florida Atlantic University upholds academic standards by enforcing strict rules regarding cheating, plagiarism, and other unethical behavior. Simply put, do your own work and do not cheat. The regulations, processes and consequences for improper academic behavior are detailed at http://www.fau.edu/regulations/chapter4/4.001HonorCode.pdf ”. Grading: The following summarizes each component of your grade for this course. Grades and attendance record will be posted on the blackboard. 50% Lecture Exams 10% Lecture Attendance 10% LearnSmart online assignments 30% Discussion Section Grading scale: This grading scale is tentative. I do give out (+) and (–) for your final grade. Also, at the end of the semester I evaluate the overall performance of each student (lecture exams, lecture attendance, discussion section, homework assignment completion, etc.) to bump his/her grade up. I do not curve. A = 100 – 90 (Outstanding progress) B = 89 - 80 (Above average progress) C = 79 – 70 (Average progress) D = 69 – 61 (Lowest acceptable progress) 4 F = 60 and below (Failing) Lecture Exams: 50% of your grade. There are four non-cumulative exams. Exams will be multiple choice and T/F answer. Typically, exams include 100 questions and they cover material from text and lectures. Exams must be completed on the day so designated unless students make arrangements with the Instructor in advance or notify the Instructor in case of emergency. All such excuses require supporting documentation. Lecture Attendance: 10% of your grade. Attendance is mandatory and it will be recorded at the beginning and/or at the end of every lecture class with the aid of the IClicker. LearnSmart Online Assignments: Each week, students have to complete at least 2 online LearnSmart assignments. They are quizzes related to the materials to be covered per lecture. They are mandatory and part of your overall grade. Deadlines can be found below. Completed assignments will be counted as extra credit for a total of 5 points for each exam. Discussion Section: 30% of your grade. Discussion sections are mandatory. The discussion section is designed to cover topics covered in lectures, to cover current topics not broached in lecture, to focus attention on particular issues, and to allow for presentation of fossil and artifact material. Components: participation and attendance 30%, quizzes and other written assignments 70%. Note: This syllabus schedule and format is subject to change as the need arises. Course Syllabus This course is divided into 4 quarters. In each quarter, students review 6 chapters and complete online assignments (LearnSmart). At the end of each quarter, students take a non-cumulative exam. FIRST QUARTER: 08/18 Introduction to the Course 08/20 Introduction to ConnectPlus 08/25 Chapter 1: What is Anthropology? LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 1, deadline 8/29) 08/27 Chapter 2: Culture LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 2, deadline 8/29) 09/01 Labor Day (no classes) 09/03 Chapter 3: Applying Anthropology LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 3, deadline 9/05) 09/08 Chapter 4: Doing Archaeology and Physical Anthropology LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 4, deadline 9/12) 5 09/10 Chapter 5: Evolution and Genetics6: Human Variation and Adaptation LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 5, deadline 9/12) 09/15 Chapter 6: Human Variation and Adaptation LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 6, deadline 9/15) 09/17 EXAM 1 SECOND QUARTER: 09/22 Chapter 7: The Primates LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 7, deadline 9/26) 09/24 Chapter 8: Early Hominins LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 8, deadline 9/26) 09/29 Chapter 9: Archaic Homo LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 9, deadline 10/03) 10/01 Chapter 10: The Origin and Spread of Modern Humans LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 10, deadline 10/03) 10/06 Chapter 11: The First Farmers LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 11, deadline 10/03) 10/08 Chapter 12: The First Cities and States LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 12, deadline 10/10) 10/13 EXAM 2 THIRD QUARTER: 10/15 Chapter 13: Method and Theory in Cultural Anthropology LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 13, deadline 10/17) 10/20 Chapter 14: Language and Communication LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 14, deadline 10/24) 10/22 Chapter 15: Ethnicity and Race LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 15, deadline 10/24) 10/27 Chapter 16: Making a Living LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 16, deadline 10/31 10/29 Chapter 17: Political Systems LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 17, deadline 10/31) 11/03 Chapter 18: Gender LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 18, deadline 11/04) 11/05 EXAM 3 FOURTH QUARTER: 11/10 Chapter 19: Families, Kinship, and Descent LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 19, deadline 11/14) 11/12 Chapter 20: Marriage LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 20, deadline 11/14) 11/17 Chapter 21: Religion LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 21, deadline 11/21) 11/19 Chapter 22: Arts, Media, and Sports LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 22, deadline 11/21) 11/24 Chapter 23: The World Systems and Colonialism 6 LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 23, deadline 12/01) 11/26 Chapter 24: Anthropology’s role in a Globalizing World LearnSmart online assignment (Chap. 2, deadline 12/01) 12/08 EXAM 4 (10:30 am – 1:00 pm) Intellectual Foundation Program, Foundation for Social Behavior “The social sciences examine the forms of social activity. They study the social behavior of individuals and organizations, the structure of organizations and institutions, and the organization of society. Social science deals with such things as the formation of attitudes; how institutions develop, function, and change; how technology transforms society and social institutions; how societies change the environment and respond to environmental change; the relationships between individuals and society; and matters of race, gender, and class Courses that meet this requirement teach students to understand the complexities of human and societal behavior, to predict future behavior, and to understand the consequences of behavior (Taken from the Intellectual Foundation Program FAU).” Students who satisfy the Society and Human Behavior requirement will: 1. Be able to identify patterns of human behavior; 2. Demonstrate an understanding of how political, social, cultural, or economic institutions influence human behavior; 3. Understand key social science methods and the theoretical foundations behind these methods; 4. Be able to apply social science methods to the analysis of social, cultural, psychological, ethical, political, technological, or economic issues or problems. 7
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