AH 201 week 1 notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Blythe Notetaker on Sunday August 7, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Ah 201 at University of Mississippi taught by betty j crouther in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 125 views.
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Date Created: 08/07/16
AH 201 Notes – 1 CHAPTER 1 Form and context Form visual aspects of art without any reference to history, culture, society, political, economical, etc. Context Considers historical, social, political, economical, etc. Environment out of which the art emerged Elements of art Line Shape Value Color Texture Principals of design Unity Harmony Variety Balance Rhythm Repetition Dominance Movement Subject matter Consists of all identifiable objects, incidents, iconographic, or narractive references that are recognizable in a work of art Iconography Greek for image writing Identification of images with specific symbolic context of meaning Africa Humans migrated in all directions- Asia, eastern Europe, and rest of world Engraved red ochre estimated to be 77,000 years old. Blombos cave In south Africa. Earliest human art? Charcoal on stone 23,000 yrs old found in Nairobi Earliest prehistoric sculpture. Made of either Stone, ivory, or clay Figures of small animals and humans Contemp San Bushman Southern africa Preform rituals about transformation Statues in forms of nude women Features exaggerated 28,000 25,000 years old - Austria Fertility figures If works are found in places they were made one can get more information from it Humans decorated their own bodies in many ways First art form? Cave paintings are the oldest surviving art form in Europe They used bones to make them – known because paint stained bones were found in caves near drawings Overlapping of paintings in the hall of bulls leads us to believe it was used overa n extended period of time Pictures of animals are naturalistic while those of humans are not. Painted paintings of animals and humans hunting them as a ritual to make them more vulnerable Chauvet Cave Jean Marie Chauvet 1994 30,000 - 15,000 yrs old (disputed) 420 animals found 142 bear skulls found humans never lived there but there is a human woman/bison figure 30 bone hut sites- made out of mammoth bones difference in European drawings and African- Europe more animals less humans – Africa – lots of people depicted doing many things old stone age – lots of animals new stone age – lots of people, agriculture, domestication of animals Japanese potters made the oldest known fired pottery- more than 12,000 years ago Jericho- earliest wall and tower Humans settled Jericho on Jordan river during Neolithic times Oasis consisted water supply Oldest continuous settlement known Oldest known stone fortification walls By 7500 BCE it was a walled settlement with wall and moat (wall plan 30ft high) Biblical account Walls tumble down Earthquake vs divine Human skull with features molded in plaster Cowrie shell eyes Human skulls detached not buried w/ body Skulls may have been used as house for spirits Cowrie shells used as money Ain ghazal Neolithic settlement in ancient Palestine Plastered stone house and painted walls and floors 3 dozen stine houses were found Catal Hoyuk Turkey Rebuilt 12 times Earliest urban areas Water was run between settlements Obsidian was traded on trade route – sharp for cutting Rectangle houses with no streets Latters on roofs Dead buried under floors Stone hendge Post and lintel Oldest structure type found Malta – earliest known temple Hagar Aim Clover leaf shaped Cromlechs- ritual stone circles Sarsan sandstone at stonehendge 45-50 tons each avenue lead from circle heel stone sun appears to rise over heel stone – summer solstice trilithons – 3 stone construction stones from 45 miles away woodwork tech to hold them together tongue and groove prehistoric calendar rituals associated with heavens
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