New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Intro to International Relations week 1 in class notes/ Intro chapter notes

by: Joshua Weintraub

Intro to International Relations week 1 in class notes/ Intro chapter notes 17446

Marketplace > The University of Cincinnati > Political Science > 17446 > Intro to International Relations week 1 in class notes Intro chapter notes
Joshua Weintraub
GPA 3.35
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Introduction to international relations

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Introduction to international relations notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Summary of Introduction chapter in text book and week 1 in class notes
Introduction to international relations
Dr. Ivan Ivanov
Class Notes
anaolgy, Perspectives




Popular in Introduction to international relations

Popular in Political Science

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joshua Weintraub on Tuesday August 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 17446 at The University of Cincinnati taught by Dr. Ivan Ivanov in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 35 views. For similar materials see Introduction to international relations in Political Science at The University of Cincinnati.


Reviews for Intro to International Relations week 1 in class notes/ Intro chapter notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/09/16
Josh Weintraub  8/24/16 Introduction to International Relation Notes: Intro/Week 1:  Syria/Iraq­centrally located in Middle East, they are also geographically strategic   They are Muslim countries   They border the Mediterranean Sea, Lebanon, Israel, Jordan, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, &  Iran   This territory has been invaded by both Eastern and Western countries and used to be part of the  Ottoman Empire  The first Muslim Caliphate 13  century  Syria was a colonial territory under the French  Iraq­British Colony   Both independent colonies nations post WWII  Oil­major resource in Middle East       OPEC=Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries   Oil producing states control oil via OPEC  Syria is ethnically and religiously diverse­ power is contested among various tribes and religious  groups         Muslims are Divided Between   Sunni and Shiite   & between   Moderate and Radical Groups        Radical =Jihadist   74% Sunni population in Syria Majority      Syrian Government is controlled by the Minority Shiite        (Side Note)*  Iraq: 20% Sunni, 60% Shiite & 20% Kurds       Kurds­ Non­Arab Turkish origin minority   Neither Iraq or Syria are democracies   Iraq supports American Constitution        2011  ­ “Arab Spring” reform from authoritarian       Tunisia  :  “Arab Spring” “Arab Winter”       Egypt­  Had reelections overthrow Muborak elected Muslim Brotherhood, ending democratic  reform and the military intervened       Egypt=Military Dictatorship   Iraqis isolated Shiites and Kurds   There are civil wars in Yemen, Libya, & Syria      AQL=Al Qaeda   United States invaded Iraq in 2003, enlisting in Sunni tribesDrive AQL out=Awakening      AQL regrouped in war torn Syria morphed into ISIS        Bin Laden 9/11  Beheadings Fear Obama Airstrikes   Obama pulled out of Iraq in 2011   Sunnis Failed to halt Isis Turke y Sunni Sunni Governent s Saudi Qat Arabi ar a    France, Great Britain & Jordan are also engaging in airstrikes against ISIS  Israel­focal point of conflict in Middle East Israel fought in 6 wars   Israel occupies Syria, the West Bank, Lebanon, Palestine, and faces jihadi forces in the Gaza Strip   Three main questions when analyzing international relations  1. Where are the forces coming from that drive the conflict? 2. What underlies/constitutes these forces? 3. Which perspective or level of analysis is drawing the other levels of analysis       Question 1= Level of Analysis  The direction or “level” from which the primary course of  events is coming      Question 2= Perspective  Statement of hypothesis that explains the primary cause of what is happening       Question 3= Casual Arrow  An indicator of which perspective or level of analysis influences  the other perspectives/ level of analysis more than reverse  Systematic Level: external outside region, religous crusaders, western globalization, Individual Level : global oil Domestic Level : Groups/ Decision companies Internal, makers, Saddam Sunni/Shiite, Hussein, Osama political and people who follow ideological people whthemllow conflicts, religous them tensions What level of  analysis does  analysis does  ISIS conflict  come from?  You can divide forces that drive a conflict or event into 3 groups: 1. Competition for raw power, military & economic resources 2.    Ideology or religious beliefs  3.    Problems in communications or negotiations, or lack or trade and a poor economy      Perspective=Cause  Ideas :  Power:  culturural  competition  culturor l  over resources  political  Interactions:  Failed  neotiations,  weak state,  weak  economies  The Perspective (Causes) driving the outcome of the ISIS conflict       Explanations have to do with what substantive forces (ideas, power, interactions) coming  from what level of analysis (external, domestic, individual)      The nature of international relations: 1. Countless facts to be observed  2. Complex relationships among facts  3 .      Perspective helps us determine which facts deserve our attention  The Nature of Political Science:   Determine why events occurs   Find patterns of interaction   IR is complex  IR is explained through basic models formulating patterns of interaction   Types of Data  a. Quantitative  b.    Qualitative  c.    Mixed   Data is collected to test hypothesis & develop models  Testing Causes:   Methods= Rules for testing theories against facts   Fact= Historic or cultural event  Types of Methods:   Rationalist vs. Constructivist  Correlation vs. Causation   Endogenous variables   Process tracing   Counterfactuals   Independent Variable= What outcome revolves around or depends on   Dependent Variable= Outcome resulting variable   Rationalist=Positivist logic   Rationalist assumes there is a relationship if A is present (cause) than it is the Cause of B = causal  relationship   Threat perception= Causal behavior  Counterfactuals = Intellectual exercise – “what would have happened if…Germany won  WWII?” “coulda, shoulda, woulda.”   All religious conflicts must be reconciled before religious warfare can come to an end   Lack of development could be a contributing factor in why there is ongoing conflict in the Middle  East  If a nation is not modernized, maybe its because they are not democratic   Hypothesize that power factors influence interactive and ideological forces.   Some believe that outside forces in Iraq, such as the United States and our invasion in 2003   Religious roots are emphasized in another view that look back to the world trade centers of 1993   International relations does not start with facts   Perspective is essential  Perspectives or theories tell us about the content of causes  Emphasize Primary Cause  all causes and levels of analysis are present in any international  relations situation  Material perspective  competition for power to survive comes first and will determine in large  measure how much and what kind of negotiations took place.     Power Forces= Primary causes  The Roles of Perspectives, Levels of Analysis, and Casual Arrows:  Perspective helps us determine what the primary cause of an event is      Realist Perspective  struggle for power is the primary cause of what happens in international  relations      Liberal Perspective    argues that interactions, interdependence, and institutions are the primary  influence on the world      Identity Perspective    ascertains that ideas are more important than power or institutions  These 3 perspectives cover the primary causes of international relations       Critical Theory Perspective     4    theory noted sometimes.  Questions Western rationalist ideas  about shaping the future from the past.  Believes in deep rooted causes of human events which  have unfolded through historical processes       Ideal Types=  Perspectives or simplified characterizations of theories that emphasize the most  important aspects of reality, not all of its intricacies and variations      Realist Perspective= a perspective that sees the world largely in terms of a struggle for relative  power in which strong actors seek to dominate and weak actors seek to resist      Liberal Perspective=  a perspective that emphasizes repetitive relationships and negotiations,  establishing patterns or institutions for resolving international conflicts      Identity Perspective=  a perspective that emphasizes the casual importance of the ideas and  identities of actors, which motivate their use of power and negotiation       Critical Theory Perspective=  a perspective that focuses on deeply embedded forces from all  perspectives and levels of analysis       Methods=  The formal rules of reason (rationalist) or appropriateness (Constructivist) for testing  perspectives against facts      Rationalist Method=  methods that disaggregate and explain events sequentially as one event  proceeding and causing a second event       Constructivist Method=  methods that see events as a whole as mutually causing or constituting  one another rather than causing one another sequentially       Causation=  explaining events in terms of one another rather than just describing them       Correlation=  a situation in which one fact or event occurs in the same context as another fact or  event but is not necessarily linked to or caused by it       Exogenous Variables=  autonomous factors that come from outside a theoretical model or system  and that cannot be explained by the system       Endogenous Variables=  casual variables that are included in a theoretical model or framework       Process Training=  a method of connecting events in sequence to identify cause and effect       Counterfactual Reasoning = a method of testing claims for causality by asking what might have  happened if one event had not occurred       Ethics and Morality=  standards of good conduct for human behavior      Judgment=  the broader assessment of what makes sense after one accumulates as many facts and  tests as many perspectives as possible       Relativism=  a position that holds that truth and morality are relative to each individual or culture  that one should “live and let live”      Universalism=  a position that holds that truth and morality are universal and cannot be adjusted to specific circumstances       Pragmatism=  the idea that morality is proportionate to what is possible and causes the least harm 


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Janice Dongeun University of Washington

"I used the money I made selling my notes & study guides to pay for spring break in Olympia, Washington...which was Sweet!"

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.