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Political Science Chapter one notes

by: Madison Holland

Political Science Chapter one notes Political Science 1100

Madison Holland
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Ideology, american democracy in action
Political Science 1100
Bryce Jensen Dietrich
Class Notes
political, Science




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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madison Holland on Tuesday August 9, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Political Science 1100 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Bryce Jensen Dietrich in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see Political Science 1100 in Political Science at University of Missouri - Columbia.

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Date Created: 08/09/16
 Politics - wrote a book in 1986 o Definition: Who gets what, when and how (Normative)  What should be, what ought to be, who get to answer these questions (power)  Elites o What is democracy?  Democracy - it is a political system in which citizens can play a role in shaping government action and are given basic rights and liberties  Requires participation. People must use the freedoms democracy provide :  Freedom of speech  Freedom of association  Freedom of the press  Voting  There are tolls, not privileges o Two types of democracies  Direct democracy: individual citizens vote directly on all laws and policies  Representative democracy: citizens elect representatives to make decisions for the public  Voting on ballot propositions  Propositions 8  Why do we have representatives?  Practicality o What democracy is Not?  Measuring participation and freedoms  Democratic - US, Canada, Sweden, Japan  Authoritarian - political leaders face few legal restrictions but are checked by non-institutional forces (Russia, China)  Totalitarian - A dictator or ruling elite holds all the power. Government controls all aspects of society (North Korea) o Government comparison  Democratic regimes allow citizen participation in government and provide civil rights and liberties  USA, Canada,, France, Japan  Totalitarian and authoritarian regimes significantly limit o Illiberal democracy  Fareed Zakaria (1997) Foreign affairs  Procedural democracy  Substantive democracy  Most illiberal democracies have procedural, but lack substantive  Example - Russia, Iraq, Mexico o It's your government!!!!  The KEY to democracy is public participation and you have many opportunities to do so  Other than voting, how are you most likely to participate in the political process?  Discussing the election with friends or family  Volunteering for a campaign  Attend a political meeting, rally, protest  Using the internet to find out more about an issue or candidate  Mizzou political groups  None of these: don't care/doesn't matter o Benefits of Political participation  Citizens can express their viewpoints and take actions to influence the government without resorting to violence  "Those who make peaceful revolution impossible will make violent revolution inevitable" - JFK  But American democracy isn't perfect  Timothy McVeigh OCK bombing (1995)  Eco terrorism: earth first (tree spiking) ELF (arson)  Micah Johnson Dallas Shooter (2016)  Ruby Ridge (1992)  (Randy Weaver)  Waco and David Koresh (1993) o Violent dissent and participation  Permitting effective political participation will help prevent violent political dissent  Is violent political dissent a part of our culture?  Case study questions…. o More benefits of Participation  Informs government what we want and holds officials accountable  If we don't participate, then who decides?  Does a distant government of political experts really know best?  Can we trust out government to be virtuous - (concern for the common good) ?  Renews legitimacy of government  Validates and reinforces laws  Democracy requires more than consent o Does Participation Have a Downside? o All voters created equal? o A comparative look at voting rates since 1992  Historically, Americans have voted less often than citizens in other countries  Apathy? Despair? Trust?  Do we want more people voting and influencing government? o The founders, Representation, and "the People"  The people were dangerous?  "the right of property originate from the diversity in the faculties of men… the protection of these faculties is the first object of government"  James Madison, Federalist 10  *Trustee Representatives (Federalists)  Some level of anatomy  *Delegate Representatives (Anti- Federalist) o Pathways of action  Activities used by citizens to influence laws and public policies  Elections, lobbying, courts, o Elections  The means by which citizens choose their representatives  Also.. Ballot measures  A variety of actors utilize this pathway:  Political parties, interest groups, citizens  Activities include:  Voter registration and get out the vote initiatives  Fundraising, campaigning  Self promotion? Friends and Family o The Youth Vote  68% of voters under 30 vote for Obama (1008, 2012)  Decisive in Florida, Virginia, Pennsylvania, Ohio  Swing States  If Romney had achieved 50% of youth in those states  Is Missouri a swing state? o Lobbying (Audio 3 on social psychology)  Lobbying is when individuals or groups try to influence government decision makers  Activities include:  Supplying information, attempting to persuade, applying pressure, buying influence (Jack Abramoff)  Lobbying (not always, but) can be domestic and foreign  Usually organized groups or "connected" individuals  However, regular people can organize  MADD (motor against drunk drive) o Courts  Individuals and groups can request judges to enforce rights or a new interpretation of rights  The courts can also be used to force government to follow the law  Judicial activism?  This pathway is often expensive because lawyers must be hired  Brown v Board of education (1954)  (NO DATES on the exam) o Grassroots mobilization  Movements that organize large umbers of individuals to carry the message to government  Petition drives, community meetings, public rallies, boycotts, strikes, protests  More effective when they have backing of organizations  NAACP, NRA, AARP  But the internet…..  BLM, Tea Party o Cultural change  "Changing hearts and minds"  Changes in societal views can influence change in government policy  Relies upon educating the public and publicizing events to change the views of citizens over time  1960s counterculture movement  Gender and racial equality, anti- war  Television and gay rights o Public opinion and Gay Marriage  Support for gay marriage in American more than doubled from 27% in 1996 to 60% in 2015  Setting aside the politics of this issue, what does this say about the power of cultural elites? o Political ideology  Definition - a set of beliefs or guiding principles about government and policy  Every ideology is "particular"  The big 3  Conservatism, liberalism, libertarianism  Others: communitarianism, socialism, anarchism o Conservatism Favor traditional views on social and cultural matters and want a  more limited role for government in most spheres  Generally associated with republicans  Blue dog democrats  Favor order and security above other values  Agree with libertarians that government should stay out of the economy. (Free market)  Criticism - Pessimists, warmongers, reactionary, party of the rich, and less caring  Rachel Maddow GOP conservatism authoritarian or libertarian - Video Title o Liberalism (Progressivism)  Tend to support social and cultural change and want an activist government  Generally associated with Democrats  Favor equality above all other values  More concerned about environment  Agree with libertarians that government should stay out of private lives  Unless this violates someone else's equality  Criticism - Idealists, pacifists, party of Hollywood, anti - American, self- serving  The difference between liberal and conservative - Video Title o Libertarianism  Support individual liberty in economic, personal, and social realms. Against government regulation  Anti - Interventionist foreign policy  Generally associated with a third party, but….  Anti - war libertarians  Anti - government libertarians  Favor liberty and freedom above all other values  Criticism - Not practical, too optimistic about the market, not conductive to electoral politics  Libertarian VA conservative debate drug legalization - Video Title o Other political ideologies  Populism  The people v. Elites (anti-establishment)  Wealth inequality, no trickledown, plutocracy  Support govt. assistance programs  New deal (1933 - 38)  Protectionist, anti - immigration  Can be leftwing or rightwing A Picture on the phone  What occupy wall street protester are upset about?  Continued…  Nationalism  Politics, economics & Security: "American First"  Anti - Immigration (Trump), anti - interventionism, protectionist & anti - globalist  All - Right  Nationalist & populist  Reject mainstream conservatism  Reject: egalitarianism, multiculturalism and "political correctness"  Assumed of racism, bigotry, anti - Semitism  Hillary Clinton goes after Trump's controversial "anti - right" supporters - Video Title


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