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INTL 3200- Intro to International Relations

by: Christina Matacotta

INTL 3200- Intro to International Relations INTL 3200

Marketplace > University of Georgia > International Studies > INTL 3200 > INTL 3200 Intro to International Relations
Christina Matacotta
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About this Document

These are the notes from the first week of class.
Intro to International Relations
William Adam Dory
Class Notes
international relations, Collective Action, Internationalactors, 3approaches




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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christina Matacotta on Wednesday August 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to INTL 3200 at University of Georgia taught by William Adam Dory in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Intro to International Relations in International Studies at University of Georgia.


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Date Created: 08/10/16
INTL 3200 Notes Week #1  Globalization of International Relations  What is IR? o Interaction between states’ governments  Security basis  Trade  Refugees  Etc.  Trending now in IR? o #globalization  business  trade  war o examples of globalization  electronic devices  assembled abroad  clothing  cotton produced in Egypt + metals from South Africa + seamstress in Spain + assembly in Chinese factory  food options  South American produce  Different styles of cooling in town o Just Pho (Vietnamese), Hibachi (Japanese), Little Italy (Italian)  Voting  President’s main duty is to set foreign policy  Domestic policies  Domestic laws affect international laws  We all participate in IR o Buying goods made abroad o Reading news o Voting o Taxes o Social media o Studying abroad  What are we going to study? o International politics o Interactions between states & other actors  Trending  Refugees from Syria & Iraq  Olympics o “Conflict & Cooperation”  security  IPE (international political economy)  Some countries cooperate in some areas with each other and conflict in others o Subfields (and how IR relates to them)  Economics  Sociology  Psychology  History  Geography  Collective Action Problems o Main issue o Because most states are sovereign o How states get other states to give up private interests to serve collective interests o Main CA problems  Prisoners’ Dilemma  Can represent all three sometimes  Free Riding  Tragedy of the Commons o Game Theory  Draw box with four sections  Used to find what outcomes is most common o Variations of Prisoners’ Dilemma  Stag hunt  Rousseau  Collective goal o Catch stag to feed village o Big prize; need >2 people to get it o See rabbit easily caught (<1 person needed); feeds only your family o If more than 1 person goes for the rabbit, the stag will not be caught  Boxing or Strauss  Boxing match or Strauss Concert o Decide which to got to o You prefer one but friend prefers another  50/50 payout; coin flip o like signing or not signing a treaty  Could find something else to do entirely  Strategies to overcome the CA problems o 3 main strategies  1. Dominance  2. Reciprocity  3. Identity o Dominance  Establish hierarchy  1 state greater than the other(s)  works best with recognized authority  Stag Hunt  Leader that must be obeyed  Boxing and Strauss  One partner more dominant than other  Like Mean Girls  Her name was Regina for a reason (means queen in Latin or something)  Examples  UN security council vetoes o 5 largest militaries  USA leads NATO  Advantages  Not a lot of back and forth  If you are the most powerful country, you can assert control and get what you want  Disadvantages  Oppression  Resentment o Could lead to uprising  Lack of mutual goals  Not #1 strategy for long term o Reciprocity  Trading of similar actions  Can be enforced without central authority  Idioms  If you scratch my back, I’ll scratch yours  An eye for an eye  Trade carried out this way  Lower tariffs are usually reciprocated  Leads to paradox  People as a collection of individuals overestimate own good intentions and underestimate other’s good action o Ex: Iraq War  US funnels aid and doesn’t think it’s fair that Hussein refuses to let in UN inspector  Inevitably takes one country writing off past actions or wrongs to start a positive relationship  Someone has to be the bigger person o Identity  Identify as a community  Regime types  Actors that identify with each other more likely to cooperate  US prefers to work with other democracies  Democratic peace theory in general  China and N. Korea work together based on shared communist history  Real-life examples of CA problems o Dorm cleaning schedule with roommate o Pearl Harbor  Reciprocity  reciprocated attack and declaration of war  Identity  Allies and Axis identified with each other  Dominance  US led war in the Pacific o Nuclear non-proliferation  Identity  Community of states that don’t want nukes  Reciprocity  We’ll attack you if you attack us  MAD (mutually assured destruction)  Dominance  Preventing smaller states from getting nukes  Geography and the System  Where are we studying o 9 regions in book (can be fewer or more)  North America  Europe  Russian/USSR  Authors tend to treat like USSR still exists  Latin America  Middle East (+ North Africa)  Africa  China  South Asia  Japan/Pacific o Also can be divided into Global north and south  What events led to some of these division? o 1 world  follows US democracy nd o 2 world  follows communist o 3 world  chose neither o The World Wars  European empires collapse post WW1  Europe divided East and West post WW2  Current difficulties in Chinese-Japanese relations can be traced back primarily to WW2  German and Japanese constitutions are a result of WW2  Japan has article that prevents the formation of offensive forces o Cold War  USA and USSR fight to be global hegemon  1 , 2 , and 3 world are terms coined during this era  regions defined by these terms still exist  Key Crises  Berlin Blockade o Soviets block western access to Berlin o Nearly leads to Western invasion of East Germany o Cutoff all road and transportation between Berlin and West Germany  Berlin Airlift o Eventually USSR reopens access  Korean War o 1950-1953 o cease fire not peace treaty o post WW2 agreement on occupation of Korea and post war government type o similar to Germany o N. KoreaUSSR; S. KoreaUSA o Referendum to be held to determine which type of government  Both regions hold referendum; different results th  Decide on 38 parallel o N. Korea invades  Cuban Missile Crisis o Direct communication from White House to Kremlin  Various other proxy wars o Afghanistan  Retaliation for Vietnam o Sino-Soviet split  Fought border war (USSR vs. China)  Caused improved relations between US and China o Tiananmen Square  Violent put down of protests  Post-Cold War  1991-Present  Est. of EU  Balkan Wars o Breakup of Yugoslavia o Genocide  Rwandan Genocide  Gulf War o Operation desert storm  War on Terror o 9/11  Arab Spring o Syrian civil war still underway  Modern proxy war?  Should these be split up? o How is world still shaped by Cold war?  NPT (nuclear non-proliferation)  Serious tension still there  US relations with Russian, China, India o Lessons from WW1&2  WW1 you should appease sometimes  WW2 appeasement= bad  Who are the actors?  Which actors try and solve CA problems o State and non-state o State  Def: defined territory, recognized sovereignty, a population, does not answer to a higher authority  Ex: Palestine has observer status because not recognized by lots of countries (Sweden does recognize)  Ex: EU can tell member states what to do (but they agree to listen)  Part of population can share an identity Nation  Not same as a state o May not be sovereign o May not have defined borders  Ex: Kurds are a nation not a state  Usually a head of government and head of state  Sometimes same person, sometimes not o Ex: UK: queen= head of state; prime minister= head of government o Ex: US: president= head of state and head of government  States traditionally the most important actor in IR  Non-state actors haven’t played big role until recently  State act in international system according to accepted norms of behavior  Set of relationships among the world states o Don’t torture o Respect ambassadors o Non-state actors  Several different kinds  IO (international organization)  Government and non-government (NGO) o Red cross o WTO (world trade organization) o NATO  Individuals o Through violence  Terrorists  Multinational corporations o Have operations in many different countries  Ford  Nike o They can move money and goods across borders  Individuals, cities, subnational units o GA can be an actor  Port  Study abroad  Sister state  Georgia  Sister City  Do not have a strict set or pattern of behavior  No hard set rules or accepted norms  Levels of Analysis th o 3 main levels (+4 is becoming more common now)  4. Global  new, becoming more common  global trends that transcend interactions of states o internet o cell phones  3. Systems  interactions between states o trade  2. State  domestic level  things that take place in one’s own state  1. Individual  people not groups o getting into psychological aspect of IR o Global  Trends may change way states interact  Ex: change technology, international business, widespread social movements  Ex: refugees o System  Interactions between states  Defined by established norms  Influence on the system outcomes  All about understanding the norms  How does system influence outcomes?  Ex: power to influence trade, wars, treaties, diplomacy  If system level is billiard balls and how they hit each other, global is figuring out if the table is on a level floor o State  Aggregation of individuals that influence state actions in the system  How do groups operate in different societies?  Ex: democracies vs. dictatorships, economic systems, political parties  Ex: which type of government is more aggressive or cares more about human rights o Individuals  Perceptions, choices, actions of individuals affecting the international system  Ex: Great leaders, crazy leaders, citizens’ participation


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