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CP210 History of Photography week 1

by: Mahongany Barlow

CP210 History of Photography week 1 CP210

Marketplace > Southern Illinois University Carbondale > Photography > CP210 > CP210 History of Photography week 1
Mahongany Barlow
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About this Document

This week covers the materials on Chapter 1 of the textbook: Photography : A Cultural History
History of Photography
Alison A. Smith
Class Notes




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mahongany Barlow on Wednesday August 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CP210 at Southern Illinois University Carbondale taught by Alison A. Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see History of Photography in Photography at Southern Illinois University Carbondale.


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Date Created: 08/10/16
Week 1 The Origins of Photography (1839) 1 Marien Intro & Chapter 1  Photography Deb ut 177 years ago: January 7, 1839­ Jacque Mande Daguerre announces to the Academy of Science  that has been invented the first photographic process August 19, 1838­ At a joint meeting of the Academy of Fine /arts at French  Institute in Paris details of the first photography process were formally shared by:  Francois Argo­ a member of Deputies explained the process in a public address  on behalf of Daguerre (often credited as the first photographer. The basic of photography: light, tight box, lens, sensitive substances had been  known for hundreds of years. During the 16  century small holes in the roof European cathedrals took notice of  the sun’s pattern on the floor. If a silver plate was put on a cathedrals floor in  front of sun than remove, no mark will remain on the plate. 5  century B.C.E Chinese philosopher Mo Ti worked on a prototype of the  pinhole (lenless) camera. Circa 330 B.C.E Greek philosophers Artisole.   Realism­ the depiction of the external world, as it appears to the eye a popular  mode of expression in western. Act ranging from Roman portraits to Dutch  paintings of still lifes.  Naturalistic­ depiction of reality struggle to capture the changing light in painting  Demand for portraiture­ observation & accuracy     Abraham Bosse­ French printmaker lectured on perspectives and showed  artist how accuracy can be better  Camera obscura­ light from an external scene passes through the hole a  strikes a surface inside where it is.Inside a camera obscura­ light travels in  Week 1 straight lines­ rays from a pinhole will pass through and strike the bottom  2 of the wall. Project an upside down image onto a mirror which reflected the image  upward one a pone of translucent glass. The users put a piece of thin paper over the glass and trace the image. Early use of the Table Obscura  Pros: Portable & Good for helping to achieve accurate perspectives for architecture and landscape scene  Cons­ couldn’t copy the history and religion The Invention of Photographies “Simultaneous invention makes it difficult to construct a linear  chronology of photography and suggest, moreover that there may  have been other successful yet unknown attemptes to invent  photography” Marien 3 Things needed to create a Lasting Photograph  An optical device that can control light  A chemical process that can reduce the effect of light on a  surface  A chemical process that can “fix” light (or the image)  permanently Antonie Hercules Romuald Florence: French artist &  Cartographer working in Brazil In 1832, invented own method of printing called polygraph multiple writing soon after noticed that certain fabrics  faded when exposed to sun light. Thomas Wedgwood (1771­1803) & Humphry Davy  Wedgwood was privy to current scientific findings, his  father was a founding member of the Lunar Society, a  disguised group that held meetings to discuss the lastest  scientific discoveries in Europe & the U.S. Week 1 Paired with Davy to experiment with light sensitive  3 materials; started experimenting with light­ sensitive  materials (silver nitrated solution). Elizabeth Eulhame: amateur chemist Scottish one of the  first scientist to describe photochemical image that the  silver chemistry that dominated photographic techniques of the next century. Joseph Niepce made money off riverboat and his used  money from that to experiment with photosensitive  material. Tired to use negative to make a positive and  didn’t successes. Latent image problem: information registered on the silver  suface of a plate, but not yet visible.


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