Tester (Week 1, topics on...)
Tester (Week 1, topics on...) PSY 334D
Western Oregon University
Popular in Social Psychology
Popular in Psychology
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janeen Notetaker on Wednesday August 10, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 334D at Western Oregon University taught by Deborah L. Brannan in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychology at Western Oregon University.
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Date Created: 08/10/16
Janeen Anders HE375Q MW 2350 QUESTIONS: 1. Describe the type of surveillance being conducted by the World Health Organization epidemiologists in Geneva who were taking calls from all over the world about new cases in the movie Contagion. The type of surveillance conducted by the WHO in the movie Contagion was Active Surveillance. Beth, in the movie, traveled to Minneapolis where the outbreak had spread and another member of WHO traveled to Hong Kong to figure out how and where the virus came from. 2. Describe the type of surveillance being conducted by Emily Hall in the Vanity Fair article. Emily Hall also conducted Active Surveillance during the Ebola outbreak. She hunted down who may have been in contact with the vehicle Duncan took to the hospital. Hall called around and found one man had contact with that same Ambulance and then called around some more to attempt to track the man down. 3. Define, compare and contrast the similarities and differences between an index, primary, secondary and tertiary case in infectious disease transmission. An index case would be the first case identified and a primary case would be the person who brings the infection into a population. Therefore, an individual could potentially be an index and a primary case. The secondary case would be an individual infected by the primary and lastly, a tertiary case would be an individual infected by the secondary case. In the end, everyone will be infected, it just depends how far along the virus is and who has already been infected. 4. Describe which character was the index case in the movie and why. The index case would be the sick man that had worked in the casino in Hong Kong. This is the index case because he was the first one who had died from the virus; therefore, the first one identified. 5. Describe which character was the primary case in the movie and why. The primary case would be the woman who had encountered the virus from shaking the butcher’s hand. She brought the virus to the Hong Kong casino population and the Minnesota population. 6. Identify the possible reservoir(s) for the infectious agent (MEV1) in the movie. The reservoir would be a Zoonoses or an animal reservoir from the pig and bat combination. 7. Identify the possible mode(s) of transmission for the MEV1 virus depicted in the movie. Are these modes through contact or noncontact? Direct or indirect? Explain your answers. The MEV1 virus would be contacted throughout indirect contact, or at least that’s how it was depicted in the movie. Individuals would become infected by picking up a glass, getting a hug/intimate contact and/or coming in contact with an infected airborne droplet from a different infected person. 8. What was the estimated R val0e for the MEV1 virus depicted in the movie? Describe the meaning of this R0 alue. Before the virus mutated, the R0 was a ratio of 1:2, meaning every one person would infect two other people; however, after the virus mutated, the new R0 was a ratio of 1:4. 9. From an epidemiologic perspective, describe the biggest challenges presented by the MEV1 virus in the movie. Compare and contrast these challenges with those observed for the Ebola virus outbreak in Dallas as depicted in the Vanity Fair article. The largest challenge was lack of knowledge and resources for the both outbreaks. In the movie, doctors didn’t know what MEV1 was and described the cause of death as a stroke. In the Ebola outbreak, they didn’t think much of Ebola at first, but by the time they did, they didn’t have enough resources to vaccinate against the issue. 10. From an epidemiologic perspective, describe several control measures that could have been put in place to minimize the impact of the MEV1 virus in the movie and the Ebola virus in the article. Well, one control measure would be to wash hands, strictly to prevent contamination at all. But another control measure in the Ebola outbreak would have been to recognize where Duncan had recently traveled to and contaminated him until they knew for certain what his infection was. 11. Describe any potential ethical violations portrayed in the movie. Suggest how these ethical violations could have been avoided. One ethical violation was the man faking his infection in order to sell his “vaccine” and protest against the government and their vaccines. This could be avoided by possibly the C.D.C communicating more with the public honestly and discrediting who this individual is sooner. 12. Describe any potential ethical violations during the Ebola outbreak in Dallas (as depicted in the Vanity Fair article). Suggest how these ethical violations could have been avoided. As stated the P.P.E may have had some insufficient protocols which is what may have caused the two nurses to become ill with Ebola. This could have been prevented by, obviously, people taking their jobs more seriously and took all precautions to any and all illnesses that are in question. 13. What "epidemiologyrelated" thoughts and/or comments do you have after seeing the movie and reading the article in light of your new knowledge of outbreak investigations? The one thing that is a bit scary to me personally is the fact that often times the infection is not studied or tested for vaccines until there is a death or outbreak, which by that time is too late. Ebola and, currently, ZECA, are both infections we have known about for some years, yet vaccines are not tested for until an outbreak has already occurred. I understand there are several virus’ and bacteria’s out there, but it seems we are sometimes just behind the infectious agent, causing it to do harm.
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