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Egypt: Temple and Tomb

by: EliLaprea

Egypt: Temple and Tomb ARC2701

GPA 2.89
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About this Document

These are the notes that i took during the lecture. All of the important key notes are written down. I hope they help!
History of Architecture
Class Notes
history, Architecture




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by EliLaprea on Thursday August 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARC2701 at Florida International University taught by Rifkind in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see History of Architecture in Architecture at Florida International University.

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Date Created: 08/11/16
Egypt: temple and tomb  Concrete: something physical  Abstract: no physical dimension o belief, hopes, dreams o Greek tragedy, physical representation of abstract ideas (tragedy) o Architecture gives concrete representation of something abstract  Representation is never a single one-to-one representation  Poetry: multiple meanings Pyramids(represent the hierearchy)  multiple layers of significance  What are the physical qualities and their meanings? o Massive= stability, permanence o Immobility o Immutable= unchanging o Size representing hierarchy o Metaphysics= cosmological belief system. The intangible world beyond being represented in the tangible world here  “We can never truly know something that has already happened and done by someone else”  Egypt is a “dead” culture no one alive knows exactly what it was like (i.e. what the language sounded like)  What we understand of the place is mediated to us by scientists  What we know of history is by what we are told. It is never the complete story.  There is a process of appropriation: bringing something from the past to use in present day  Pyramids were surrounded by the tombs of the royalty  “Idea that death is a moment in a larger continuum” in Egyptian religion= rituals are surrounded by the idea of death geography map  Mediterranean bound everything together  The Nile played an essential role in Egypt o Relations between the Nile and pyramids:  Way of transportation  River was an essential part of the death rituals  Body is preparedplaced on a rafttravelled down the river at Gizastops at the valleypharaoh removedadditional preparationsplace in a larger sarcophagus--taken to the mortuary templemore preparations and ritualsmoved into the pyramidentrance sealed  Pyramids are lifted on a cliff or a plateau  Agriculture creates a surplus, Egyptians agriculture created 3X the amount needed and so created trade o Trade paid for construction of temples and other things Pyramid of Khufu  Not much is left (all that’s left is the pyramid itself and much smaller pyramids, mortuary temple of Khafre)  Surrounding wall has a symbolic function: defines a boundary between the sacred realm and the “mundane” realm.  Symmetry is a way of representing hierarchy  Pyramids are made of different stones: o Interior: yellow limestone o Exterior: sheets of highly refined white limestone and then polished so it would glint in the sun o King’s chamber: red granite carved w/ extreme precision so the wall is smooth o Casing of the sarcophagus is carved into the floor  Relieving blocks take the pressure off o Vent shafts are aligned with significant stars (where the stars were when it was built) with importance to Egyptian religion  Making an abstract belief physical  The four faces of the pyramids are aligned to the 4 cardinal directions (north, east, west, south)  Geometry of the pyramid. Square base, ratio of the height from the base and height of the face (understanding of mathematics)  Relation between physical world and the metaphysical world o geometry and astronomy is used for the orientation and the importance of the rulers


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