Chapter 3 Tools for Exploring the World
Chapter 3 Tools for Exploring the World Psych 2314
Popular in Developmental Psychology
Popular in Psychology (PSYC)
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Siân L'Roy on Thursday August 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2314 at Tarrant County College District taught by Dr. Vince Limbo in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Developmental Psychology in Psychology (PSYC) at Tarrant County College District.
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Date Created: 08/11/16
Chapter III: Tools for Exploring the World Apgar score Breathing: 0,1,2 Heartbeat: 0,1,2 Muscle tone: 0,1,2 Reflex: 0,1,2 Skin tone: 0,1,2 (oxygen levels) o 8s,9,10s – Good o 7s and 6s Borderline o 5 or below Not good Crying Basic o Starts softly o Gradually becoming more intense Mad o Move intense version of basic cry Pain o Begins with sudden and long bursts o Long pause and gasping Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) Causes unknown Contributing factors o Born premature o Low birth weight o Parent who smokes o More likely to be sleeping on their stomach Temperament Consistent style or pattern of behavior (it’s not why you do it, it’s how you do it) Cultural differences o Asian babies are less emotional that European American babies Dimensions of Temperament Controversy over number of dimensions Activity level Motor activity Persistence Time devoted to activity in presence of obstacles Chapter III: Tools for Exploring the World Negative affect Not easily soothed Effortful control Focus attention and not distracted Factors Influencing Temperament Identical twins vs. Fraternal twins o Activity level Environmental Factors o Infants are more fearful when “Mom”(parent/caregiver) is depressed Stability of Temperament Moderately stable throughout infancy, childhood, and adolescence A predisposition (?) A child’s temperament influences parenting o Read more to quiet a baby o Play more physical games with active baby Breastfeeding Advantages o Nourishment o Less likely to become ill o Less prone to diarrhea and constipation o Transition to solid foods is easier o No contamination Picky Eaters Two year old o Growth slows; therefore appetite decreases Eating food in any order Offer new foods o One at a time o Small quantities Clean your plate Talk about topics that interest the child o Not what the child is or is not eating o Never use food as a reward or punishment Perception of Smell and Taste Chapter III: Tools for Exploring the World Highly developmental in newborns They seem to have a “sweet tooth” Turn toward pad saturated with odor of mother’s breast. Sensitive to changes in taste of breast milk that reflects the mother’s diet Vision Newborns o See at 20 feet what adults see at 200400 feet One Year Old o Essentially the same as an adult Hearing A 7 to 8 months old fetus can hear Best in sounds with pictures in range of human speech o 4 to 5 month olds can recognize their name o 6 month olds can discriminate pictures nearly as accurate as adults Use sound to locate objects Depth Perception Visual cliff Gibson and Walk o A child “can discriminate depth as soon as they can crawl” Campos o Sixweek old infants o Change in heart rate SelfConcept Carefully without the child noticing place red mark on: o 12 month old Touches mirror o 15 month old Touches own nose o 20 to 28 month old Becoming selfaware Everything is “mine”
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