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1785 Organizing the new government

by: Clarissa Dennis

1785 Organizing the new government HIST 1110 - 850

Marketplace > University of Nebraska at Omaha > History > HIST 1110 - 850 > 1785 Organizing the new government
Clarissa Dennis
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

Goes over the new government that is being formed after the revolutionary war.
American History to 1865
Jeremiah Bauer
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Dennis on Thursday August 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1110 - 850 at University of Nebraska at Omaha taught by Jeremiah Bauer in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see American History to 1865 in History at University of Nebraska at Omaha.


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Date Created: 08/11/16
Friday, August 12, y Organizing the new government ­ Post­war depression peaked in 1785  ­ Adapting to raise in farm prices ­ 1789 outbreak of the French Revolution ­ Europeans invested their money in the US economy ­ “If Europe is in ruins, the US prospers” ­ US provided food to Europe ­ Senate election of 1788,  Anti­federalists didn’t run for Senate ­ Washington made an exemplary presThe senatident, firm and sound policies and  unquestionable presidential policies and foreign affairs ­ Presidents gets to choose: which governments to work with, foreign governments to  recognize ­ Washington only vetoed two bills within a five year period Madison’s Proposals ­ presented a bill of rights, although he wasn’t fully supportive of it ­ 7 out of 11 states wanted some things in the constitution amended ­ known as the father of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights ­ 9th Amendment ( James Wilson)  even if there are rights now listed, we can claim  them, the states can’t violate peoples rights ­ 10th Amendment (reserved powers) powers not delegated to the federal government  are reserved to the people of the states  ­ Ratification of the Bill of Rights took 2 years 1 Friday, August 12, y ­ Anti­federalists opposed the adoption of the Bill of Rights because they knew the  Constitution would become permanent once the Bill of Rights was established Executive Department ­ Creation of state, war and treasury departments ­ Thomas Jefferson as secretary of state ­ Henry Knox as secretary of war ­ Alexander Hamilton as secretary of treasury ­ Edmond Randolph as attorney general ­ Samuel Osgood was postmaster Advice and Consent ­ Washington came up with his own treaty and the Senate will have to provide consent  or vote on it later Judiciary Department ­ “Such other courts” Congress could create as needed ­    Resistance to creating duplicate laws ­ Judiciary Act of 1789­ creation of federal courts ­ 1 chief justice and 5 assistant justices ­ Circuit (traveling court) 2 supreme justices and district courts 1 for each state ­ Section 25 “under certain circumstances state supreme court decisions could be  appealed by the federal supreme court” assured that the states would follow  Constitution  The First Faction ­ Hamilton's Financial program Part  1: 1790 2 Friday, August 12, y ­ Funding the national debt (not controversial) passes ­ Assumption of the state debts ­doesn’t pass ­  controversial (add state debts to the national debt)  ­ original debt holders VS speculators (farmers VS businessmen)  ­ half of the members of the House speculated, can’t find everyone who speculated  Part 2: Creation of National Bank 1790­1791 ­ Federal tax on Whiskey ­ Elastic Clause (not necessary to collect taxes) ­ Jefferson organizes opposition to Hamilton ­ Newspapers are filled with Partisan propaganda ­ Jeffersonian party founded (Democratic­republicans) Divisive Issues ­ French Revolution ­  Jeffersonians supported France ­ Whiskey Rebellion in Western Pennsylvania  ­  Jay Treaty 1795   ­ not solving any big issues 3


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