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Constitutional Convention 1787

by: Clarissa Dennis

Constitutional Convention 1787 HIST 1110 - 850

Marketplace > University of Nebraska at Omaha > History > HIST 1110 - 850 > Constitutional Convention 1787
Clarissa Dennis
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

Goes over the Constitutional Convention of 1787
American History to 1865
Jeremiah Bauer
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Dennis on Thursday August 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1110 - 850 at University of Nebraska at Omaha taught by Jeremiah Bauer in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 6 views. For similar materials see American History to 1865 in History at University of Nebraska at Omaha.


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Date Created: 08/11/16
Sunday, June 19, 2016 Constitutional convention 1787 - Constitution was a set of compromises (religion, slavery) - Philadelphia convention - Ratified by the people - NO more than 11 states represented at one time - Rhode Island didn’t want the Articles of Confederation to change, which is a main reason why the Constitution had to be made - The government was too weak, and there needed to be changes - Delegates represented individual states at the convention - 55 white males determining the future government - James Madison is known as the father of the constitution - Madison’s notes were the main and primary source of the convention - Average age was 42 - Ben Franklin was 81, self made man - Wealthy, lawyers, protestant, young - Each state had one vote - Committee of the whole, encourage debates - James Madison went to every session - Sessions occurred in secret - Big states vs small states, North vs South, For vs Against slavery - Virginia Plan, by James Madison, proposed a new constitution, has a large state plan. There were three branches of government, bicameral legislature, independent chief legislature and independent judiciary. The government he wanted would’ve controlled everything and have all the power. No defined powers,all powers from the articles of confederation, veto state laws, coerce states by whatever means necessary, power to act where the states were incompetent. - Bigger the state, the more power it had (Madison plan) 1 Sunday, June 19, 2016 - council of six - council of revision — could change the constitution - New Jersey plan (small state plan) - amended version of articles of confederation - retained state sovereignty and equality - has strong central government - The Great Compromise - house of representatives based on population - senate based on state equality - each state has two senators Conflict over federal powers - which government is in charge? - delegated powers - rejection of state coercion - supremacy clause (constitutional laws are the laws of the land) - Article 1, section 10 Executive power - weak vs strong - electoral college - checks and balances - impeachment Judiciary - Article 3 - Little debate, if any it was brief 2 Sunday, June 19, 2016 - debate over federal courts - Judicial review Slavery - three fifths compromise (political power, blacks counted as 3/5 of a person) - Commerce compromise (dirty compromise) can’t get rid of slave trade for 20 years - Fugitive slave law Ratification - Adoption of special procedures - 9 states needed - small turn out - commerce division 3


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