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Jeffersonians and the 1820's

by: Clarissa Dennis

Jeffersonians and the 1820's HIST 1110 - 850

Clarissa Dennis
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

Jeffersonians and the war of 1812, the 1820's.
American History to 1865
Jeremiah Bauer
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Dennis on Thursday August 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1110 - 850 at University of Nebraska at Omaha taught by Jeremiah Bauer in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see American History to 1865 in History at University of Nebraska at Omaha.

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Date Created: 08/11/16
Tuesday, June 28, 2016 Jeffersonian’s and War of 1812 Problems with British - Napoleonic wars - Impressment (British were kidnapping Americans) - Chesapeake Incident June 1807 (British attacked a US ship in American waters) - Jefferson’s Embargo (prohibited US vessels from going to or train with foreign countries, biggest mistake as president) - President caused depression in the northeastern states - James Madison (non-intercourse act) US couldn’t trade to France or Britain - Bacons Bill 2: Full foreign trades Great Lakes Confederation - Tecumseh (Shawnee) - Last best hopes to save Indian’s land’s - William Henry Harrison (militia man) attacked Tippecanoe, 1811 - British Manipulation (they were attacking Indian’s) - Henry Clay, Speaker of the house, leader of the Warhawks War of 1812 - War Hawks and War Declaration - Northern states refused to participate in the war - Federalists (against war) VS Jeffersonians (for war) British Invasion - Lake Champlain - Chesapeake river - New Orleans ( Treaty of Ghent signed in Dec. 24th 1814) 1 Tuesday, June 28, 2016 Battle of New Orleans 1815 -Andrew Jackson and his motley crew - Decisive American victory - American’s get word of treaty after battle - American’s thought they won the war Significant Outcomes - Demise of the Federalists - Hartford Convention, 1814, protested - “Era of good feelings” ushered in (one party era) - Opening if the west - Native resistance defeated east of the Mississippi river - American System - 2nd National bank and internal improvements (taxes and transportation systems, infrastructure) 2 Tuesday, June 28, 2016 1820’s - Nationalism developing John Quincy Adams -He spoke French, was at the signing of Treaty of Paris - He was James Monroe’s Secretary of State - Resolution of differences with the British - Anglo-American Convention - Deal with Oregon later on - Rush-Begot Agreement - De-militarize the Great Lakes - North Atlantic Fishing Rights Negotiations with Spain - Adams-Onis Treaty/Transcontinental Treaty (make a deal or US take Florida by force) - Florida was populated by Indians - Slaves were running to Florida for their freedom - Western boundary (From east to west) Monroe’s Doctrine 1823 - Adam’s Unilateral Policy - Establish Colonial control in Latin America John Marshall Goal was to elevate the importance of the Supreme Court - Court Spoke with one voice (one binding opinion) - Massing the court - Court as arbiter of Federal and State relations - Importance of property rights 1 Tuesday, June 28, 2016 - Marbury VS Madison (declared a law unconstitutional) Marshall’s High Nationalism - Contract Clause (prohibits states from interfering with contracts) - Gibbons VS Ogden 1824 - Commerce Clause (most important clause in the 20th century, to regulate labor, economics, environment) - Federal power over interstate commerce - McCULLOCH VS MARYLAND 1919 - National bank is constitutional - States have no power to tax bank Expanding Democracy - Emergence of the democratic party - Revision of state constitutions - Expansion of the electorate (printed ballots, electoral college selected by state legislatures) Growing Discontent - Economic panic in 1819 - Blame placed on National Bank and American System - High unemployment rates - Low farm prices - Westerners blame bank for foreclosures - South upset at growing criticism of slavery - 11 Free states and 11 Slave states Missouri Compromise 1820 - Henry Clay - Southern boundary of Missouri to Louisiana 2 Tuesday, June 28, 2016 - Slave states south of 36/30 line Election of 1824 - House decides (no electoral majority) - Andrew Jackson, popular in South and West - John Quincy Adams, popular in Northeast, 33% - Clay and the Corrupt Bargain (great influence, Adam’s successor) - Corrupt Bargain birthed the Democratic Party John Quincy Adams - Not a good politician - Too forward thinking and honest - The Tariff of Abominations 1828 - South’s perceived oppression - Rising popularity of the democrats 3


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