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Jackson years

by: Clarissa Dennis

Jackson years HIST 1110 - 850

Clarissa Dennis
GPA 3.2

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About this Document

Covers the Jackson years
American History to 1865
Jeremiah Bauer
Class Notes
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Popular in American History to 1865

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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Clarissa Dennis on Thursday August 11, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1110 - 850 at University of Nebraska at Omaha taught by Jeremiah Bauer in Summer 2016. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see American History to 1865 in History at University of Nebraska at Omaha.


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Date Created: 08/11/16
Sunday, July 17, 2016 The Jackson Years - Election of 1828 - Andrew Jackson VS John Quincy Adams - Beginning of the second party system - Jackson as a new kind of nominee (came from weak states, man of the people) - Negative Campaign (His family was made fun of) - Jackson VS Second National bank (he opposed the national bank) - Believed it to be monopolistic - Blamed it for losing his own wealth - Believed it was unconstitutional - Vetoed the banks re-charter bill in 1832 - Placed federal revenue in “PET” banks (Democratic state banks) - Nullification crisis ( almost cost a civil was because South Carolina wants to nullify federal law - South Carolina and the tariff of abominations - John C. Calhoun : South Carolina exposition and protest - Resurrection of the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions: Nullification and Compact theory : States retain the powers not given to the government - Jacksons response to SC - Opposed nullification and succession - Unionist through and through - Force Bill :Blank check from congress, Naval fleet to SC - Clay’s promise - Indian Removal (Cherokee) - Removal Act of 1830 1 Sunday, July 17, 2016 - Wanted them to move quickly to the West of the Mississippi - Peaceful accommodation of Cherokee in Georgia - Revive compromise of 1802 - “There can be no state within a state” - Accelerated removal: discovery of gold and Jackson elected president Worcester VS Georgia 1832 - State vs federal power - John Marshall (supreme court) rules in favor of federal power - Jackson: Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it - trail of tears 1838 Democrats VS Whigs Failure of Martin Van Buren Whigs win white house in 1840: - watershed for political campaign - image over substance 2 Wednesday, July 13, 2016 Era of Change 1800-1860 - Population Growth - 8,000/year from 1790 to 1820 - Grew naturally due to high birth rates - Population doubled every 25 years - 31 million citizens by 1860 Increased Immigration - Enclosure movement ( kicking peasants off the land) - Cheaper Atlantic Transport ( prices to come to America are lower) - Potato famine in Ireland ( 1845-1847 bad potato crops, lead to starvation) - Anti-Irish prejudice (happy, Catholic, lazy, alcoholics) poor US immigrants - Many people thought the Catholic Pope sent Irish to take over US - American/ Know Nothing Political party wanted immigration to stop - Political upheaval in German State - Germans came to the Midwest (Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, North and South Dakota) - 2.2 million immigrants came over by 1850 Movement - East to West - 1850 more people lived West of the Appalachians - Rural to Urban - Cities grew too fast, causing chaos and unrest - Movement within cities Transportation Revolution - Phase I: Roads - Known as Turnpikes, Toll Roads 1 Wednesday, July 13, 2016 - Phase II: Canals - Cut costs by 20%, faster and more efficient - Erie Canal (Made NY first big city) - Phase III: Steamboats - Mississippi Paddlewheel - Fulton’s Steamship - Phase IV: Railroads - Longest and furthest form of transportation South and Slavery - Ely Whitney’s Cotton Gin (1793, lead to expansion of slavery) - Slave Ownership - Small number owned majority of slaves (1/3 owned slaves, 70% owned less than 10 slaves) - Harsh treatment of slaves - Slave VS Urban living conditions - John W. Blassingame - The slave community Slave Resistance - Suicide, runaway, slowdowns (work slower on purpose) - Nat Turner Rebellion (1831) South Hampton, Virginia - South on the Defensive - Gag Rule (formal in house, informal in senate) - From “Necessary evil” to “positive good” - State Sovereignty argument - People thought it would eventually die out 2


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