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The Real World: CHAPTER 1

by: Alexandra Olafsson

The Real World: CHAPTER 1 SYG 2000

Marketplace > State College of Florida > Sociology > SYG 2000 > The Real World CHAPTER 1
Alexandra Olafsson
State College of Florida
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About this Document

Practical vs Scientific Micro vs Macrosociology
Principles of Sociology
Mlisa Manning
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexandra Olafsson on Friday August 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SYG 2000 at State College of Florida taught by Mlisa Manning in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 4 views. For similar materials see Principles of Sociology in Sociology at State College of Florida.


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Date Created: 08/12/16
Real World Chapter 1 Notes Practical vs. Scientific Knowledge  ­  For example, knowing how to use a smartphone for own personal lifestyle, but rather  not knowing how it works in a technical way.  ((Practical)) ­ For example, a social analyst has to “place in question everything that seems  unquestionable” Do females talk more than males? ((Scientific)) *With understanding practical & scientific approaches and methods we achieve a clear  understanding of the social world we live in Sociology: scientific study of society  Latin and Greek roots “socius” and “logos” suggests that definition  Includes large scale institutions and groups to smaller groups and interactions  between individuals  Sociologists wish to understand how humans affect society, AS WELL AS how   society affects humans.    {Diad­ two people} Beginner’s Mind Bernard McGrane (1994) ­ suggests a practice called beginner’s mind to better  understand the world around us. Beginner’s Mind  We must unlearn what we already know  Approaches the world without knowing in advance what it will find  Open and receptive to experience Culture Shock Peter Berger (1963)  Describes a person that becomes a sociologist as someone with a passionate  interest in the world of human affairs Cultural Shock ­ visiting an “exotic” foreign culture  Putting judgement aside, with a lack of understanding we are truly able to  perceive what is right in front of our eyes C. Wright Mills (1916­1962)  Describes a quality of mind that all great social analysts seem to possess: the  sociological imagination Microsociology: concentrates on the interactions between individuals and the ways in  which those interactions construct larger patterns and society as a whole  “Micro” means small, “zoom lens” Macrosociology: focuses on large scale structure to determine how it affects the lives  of groups and individuals   Ex. Social institutions such as religion, education, family may play a role in  the career paths for female and male individuals   A study by Christine Williams found that women in male­dominated careers  experienced limits on their advancements i.e “Glass ceiling” effect; however,  males in women­dominated careers experienced unusually rapid rates of  upward mobility ­ the “glass escalator”. (1995) Micro perspective assumes that society’s larger structures are shaped through  individual interactions, whereas the Macro perspective assumes that society’s larger  structures shape those individual interactions.  Structural Functionalism Emile Durkheim ­ central figure whom   Dominant sociological perspective during the 1950’s Mechanical Solidarity­ experienced by people in an agricultural societies, people  were bound together by shared traditions, beliefs and experiences Organic Solidarity­ experienced by people in industrial societies, people were bound together by the task’s they performed, interdependence, and individual rights.    According to Durkheim suicide is a result of anomie.  (Suicide 1897)    The more firmly a person is anchored by religion, family, and workplace, the  less likely  to feel anomie. Anomie­ a sense of disconnection brought on by changing conditions of the modern  world


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