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Anatomy Study guide

by: Jordan Brown

Anatomy Study guide NTFS 2530

Jordan Brown

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Study guide questions
Nutrition and Health
Dr. lutzenberger
Class Notes
anatomy, and, Physiology
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordan Brown on Friday August 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NTFS 2530 at Georgia Southern University taught by Dr. lutzenberger in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views.


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Date Created: 08/12/16
STUDY GUIDE FOR HUMAN A&P 2 Fourth Exam DISCLAIMER:  This is a tool to help you focus your study time. If you successfully  answer these questions, it does not guarantee that you will make an A on the exam.  1. What is the name given to the gaps found between podocyte cells? 2. Which hormone controls the formation of concentrated urine? 3. Why does water travel from the filtrate into the cells of the proximal convoluted  tubule? 4. What is the main purpose of the nephron? 5. ADH release is stimulated by a decline in ___________ volume. 6.  List the substances that can stimulate the thirst center. 7. Which part of the nephron maintains the concentrated interstitial fluid of the kidney? 8. Which layer of the glomerulus is highly fenestrated? 9. What causes fluid excess? 10. When do juxtaglomerular cells release renin? 11. List the components of the intrinsic control of the kidney. 12. Which part of the nephron is considered a countercurrent exchanger? 13. Why do chloride ions travel to the interstitial fluid? 14. What causes volume depletion? 15. When blood is filtered, why are some molecules like glucose lost? 16. Why does constriction of the afferent capillary impact glomerular filtration rate? 17. What is the force that removes fluid from the glomerulus? 18. What is the term given for the range of miliosmolarity in the kidney interstitial fluid? 19. What is the term given for the vertical cleft in the kidney that permits entry and exit  of blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, etc. 20. What is the effect of a strong contraction of the efferent arterioles? 21. What will carboxyl groups lose when the pH is high? 22. Which cells in the brain lose water and stimulate the thirst center? 23. What is the functional unit of the kidney? 24. What happens to GFR when someone is dehydrated? 25. Where are cells of the myogenic mechanism located? 26. How do the cells of the collecting ducts respond when it is necessary to reclaim water from the filtrate? 27. What is the purpose of the vasa recta? 28. What stimulates the release of renin? 29. Where are cells of the macula densa located? 30. Where is most of the water that was lost from filtration reabsorbed? 31. What molecules are considered oligosaccharides? 32. What is the name for the storage form of glucose? 33. Name the molecules that transfer electrons to the electron transport chain. 34. During fat absorption, where are the triglycerides combined with phospholipids and  cholesterol? 35. What is the conversion of glucose into pyruvic acid called? 36. What are enzymes that remove hydrogens called? 37. What is the term given for the energy that drives the formation of ATP using ATP  synthase. 38. What is the most important factor that impacts BMR? 39. Which reactions produce CO2 during carbohydrate metabolism? 40. When NADH is formed, where does the remaining proton go? 41. Which processes of cellular respiration take place in the mitochondria? 42. What happens when electrons travel along the electron transport chain? 43. Which molecule transfers triglycerides to adipose tissue? 44. Specifically, where in a molecule of glucose is the energy stored? 45. Which digestive substances are produced by the pancreas? 46. What is meant by a “transcellular” fluid? 47. Why are infants at greater risk of dehydration? 48. Where can you find aldosterone receptors in the kidney? 49. How does aldosterone work? 50. What effect does increased ventilation have on blood pH?


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