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Accounting 101 Class Notes

by: Maritza Lopez

Accounting 101 Class Notes Accounting 101

Maritza Lopez

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About this Document

6/7/16-6/12/16 Email me if you have any questions
Principles of Accounting
Mr. Smith
Class Notes
Accounting, business
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maritza Lopez on Friday August 12, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Accounting 101 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Mr. Smith in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Principles of Accounting in Business at University of Alabama at Birmingham.


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Date Created: 08/12/16
 Chapter 1 o Explain how you can decrease speech anxiety?  Preparing a solid speech, being familiar with the speaking environment, and practicing more will often help reduce your anxiety. Learn to control the situation rather than letting your anxiety control you. o What is the transactional process of communication? Identify and explain each part.  The transactional process is a process in which the people involved in the act of communicating are actively and simultaneously sending as well as receiving information. This process has multiple parts including the speaker, the audience, and the message. The speaker will decode the message while the audience will encode the nonverbal message, all of these being included in the feedback. The message will be passed through channeling as long as there is not too much external noise. Everyone’s backgrounds will also be taken into account so that the common ground can be identified. o What is plagiarism? How can you avoid plagiarism?  Plagiarism is the intentional or accidental use of a part of someone else’s words, ideas, or illustrations without giving proper credit to the author. Plagiarism can be avoided by citing your sources. You need to make sure you read through all the information properly and take extensive notes while also writing things in your own words and using a variety of sources.  Chapter 2 o Speaking competence requires you to logically organize the speech, practice sufficiently, and use minimal notes while giving the speech. o No-citation plagiarism occurs when speakers fail to give source credit to a specific part of their speech that has been taken from another source. o What are some effective methods for avoiding accidental plagiarism?  Make sure that you are following instructions for plagiarism based on your instructor, because not all instructors have the same rules. It is better if you use a variety of sources and use your own words. o As a public speaker, what is one of the most effective methods of creating ethos.  To use and cite sources from a variety of appropriate and current support material.  Chapter 3 o What questions should you ask when evaluating working main points?  Does each main point cover only one key idea?  Are my main points similarly constructed (are they parallel)?  Am I roughly balancing the time spent on each point?  Do my main points relate back to the central idea? o Write a thesis statement from the following specific purpose “to persuade my classmates to learn CPR”  As students, we want to learn as much as possible to help those around us, and there’s no better way to help the community than being prepared for anything, that is why, you should learn CPR.  Chapter 4 o Explain the ethical obligations of someone gathering information from an interview  You need to make sure to report the information as accurately as possible, quote and paraphrase correctly and in context. You also need to protect the interviewee from painful effects that might occur when you reveal something intimate or distressing about him or her to a larger audience. o If May Beth wants to find out what materials her local library physically owns, she should use the catalog. o Follow-up questions are questions that arise as you are conducting an interview. o You are preparing a speech on the importance of donating blood. What types of sources would be the most useful and what types would be the least useful?  Most useful  Catalog  Databases  Books  Newspapers  Newsletters  Journals  Reference librarians  Least useful  magazines  Chapter 5 o Provide an example of a fact.  The Vulcan Statue was built in 1904. o What is the difference between lay and expert testimony?  Lay testimony occurs when an ordinary person, other than the speaker, bears witness to his or her own experiences and beliefs. Expert testimony is testimony from a person the audience recognizes as an expert. o What elements should be included in a source citation for a web site?  Author and/or editor names, title of the website, title of specific article, essay, or other, the sponsoring organization, date of publication, date of retrieval, web address o Explain what it means to be enthusiastic about your sources.  You know that your sources are appropriate and correct, so you need to convey that to your audience. o Explain when you should use paraphrasing versus quoting in a speech.  When the section you wish to use is long, wordy, unclear, or awkward for you to say.  Chapter 6 o Give two examples of signposts.  First, second, third,  My first reason, my second reason o Why is it beneficial to write your preparation outline in complete sentences?  Because it allows you the opportunity to give the necessary time, effort, and thought to creating a successful speech o What elements describe an appropriate preparation outline?  Typed; double-spaced; formatted in a specific and consistent way; and handed in prior to or on the say you give your speech  Chapter 7 o What three elements do you need to keep in mind when selecting an organizational strategy for your speech?  Which one works best with your general purpose, the topic, and the audience. o How can choosing the correct organizational strategy boost your confidence as a speaker?  The time you spend making sure you follow the strategy will help you become more familiar with the details of your speech. o What is an example of a speech topic that would fit into the problem solution strategy?  Regulating factories would lower pollution in many countries, like China.  Chapter 8 o Explain why capturing your audience’s attention with an attention- getter is so important to the introduction.  You have to get them to focus on you and your topic because they most likely are distracted by all the things going on around them. o When are facts and statistics the most effective as attention-getter?  They can be very vivid and/or shocking even though they are condensed o What is one important rule to keep in mind when using humor as an attention-getter?  Be understandable to your audience (be careful of using humor across cultures or subcultures that might not understand the joke). o What is the purpose of a “WOW” statement?  Should take one last moment to really make your speech memorable and leave your audience with an intense feeling.  Chapter 9 o The accepted, dictionary meaning of a word is the denotative meaning. o “Um”, “like”, and “you know” are examples of fillers. o Saying “firefighter” instead of “fireman” is an example of using culture. o Explain how words have both denotative and constative meanings, and give an example of a word that might cause confusion in a speech because of the two levels of meaning.  Words can have denotative meanings or accepted meanings that could be found in dictionaries. Connotative meanings on the other hand are the emotional and personal reactions you might have to a word. An example is the word incredibly. A speaker can be talking about something very tragic and use the word incredibly, but most people use the word incredibly in a positive way, so it could cause some confusion.  Chapter 10 o Emblems are gestures that are speech independent and have a direct verbal translation. o Explain how a speaker should use pitch, volume, rate, and pauses to effectively deliver a speech.  Pitch should be used to express enthusiasm or concern, while volume should be used to make sure that everyone can hear you clearly, but you aren’t hurting anyone’s ears by being too loud. Rate can be used to add excitement or urgency to your speech. Pauses are very effective because they can make the audience linger on a thought so that they can fully comprehend. o Explain how language has the power to help create very positive as well as very negative outcomes.  Language can help create a negative outcome if it is not appropriate or it is used in a way that could offend someone. Language can also have positive outcomes because it can call people to actions or it could bring people together.  Chapter 11 o Give one advantage and one disadvantage of using actual items as presentations aids.  Using actual items in presentations can get your audience’s attention, but they can also distract the audience from the message. o Which graphs are helpful for showing change over time and comparing two or more items?  Bar graphs are helpful in chowing change over time and comparing items o If you were going to write an informative speech on the proper way to dress for a job interview, what options would you have for visual aids.  You could use models, drawings, or media.  Chapter 12 o Why is listening an important skill?  Allows you to take in, process and use information. o What is the difference between hearing and listening?  Hearing is the actual process of receiving sound, but listening is the conscious learned act of paying attention and assigning meaning to an acoustic message. o Give an example of empathetic listening. What elements are important in empathetic listening?  Empathetic listening is a therapist listening to their patient. Empathetic listening empathizes carefully attending to the speaker; supporting the speaker by listening more than responding; and empathizing or feeling as the other person feels. o What is informal noise? What is external noise?  An internal noise is a barrier within one’s self, whether it be psychological or physical, that does not allow something to be heard. An external noise can be anything from the environment that doesn’t allow for effective listening, and can also include linguistic barriers.  Chapter 13 o How can evaluating other speakers make you a better communicator?  Evaluating helps the audience see where someone needs improvement or where they succeeded and then apply it to their own work. o What is a criticism based evaluation?  o How can you be a more effective evaluator of your peers? Provide three ways.  Always offer the speaker constructive feedback.  Always offer ideas for something that could be improved.  Be objective.


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