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Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance table

by: Erin Lewis

Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance table NUR 170-651

Erin Lewis


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About this Document

This is a table that I made to study fluid and electrolyte imbalances. Included are the major electrolytes found in the body (sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, magnesium, phosphate, bicarb); no...
Nursing Concepts 1
Susan Chumley, Patricia Wessell
Class Notes
Science, Nursing, fluids&electrolytes, imbalance, Fluids, and Electrolyte Balance
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erin Lewis on Sunday August 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to NUR 170-651 at Delaware Technical and Community College - Terry taught by Susan Chumley, Patricia Wessell in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 5 views. For similar materials see Nursing Concepts 1 in NURSING at Delaware Technical and Community College - Terry.


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Date Created: 08/14/16
Electrolyte Normal Location/ Foods Found Too Much Too Little Serum Value Description In Sodium (Na+) 135-145 mEq/L ICF (most Table salt Hypernatremia Hyponatremia abundant) Added salts *Critical level > *Critical level < Processed foods 160 mEq/L 115 mEq/L Serum osmolality Butter S/S: S/S: Regulates ECF Muscle weakness, Muscle spasms, volume and twitching, cramps, loss of distribution tachycardia, appetite, headache, irritability, fatigue, confusion, convulsions, irritability, altered mental drowsiness, status seizures Potassium (K+) 3.5-5.3 mEq/L ICF Bananas, oranges, Hyperkalemia Hypokalemia dried fruits, *Critical level 7.0 *Critical level < Maintains ICF tomatoes, mEq/L 2.5 mEq/L osmolality avocados, dried S/S: S/S: Transmits nerve peas, meats, Nausea, Weakness, fatigue, and electrical broccoli palpitations, slow, muscle cramps, impulses weak or irregular constipation, (including cellular heartbeat, fatigue, arrhythmias depolarization, difficulty breathing repolarization) Skeletal, cardiac, smooth muscle fxn Chloride (Cl-) 95-105 mEq/L ECF Table salt Hyperchloremia Hypochloremia Regulates acid- base and ECF S/S: S/S: balance Excessive fluid loss Excessive fluid loss Major component (D/V), dyspnea, (D/V), muscle of stomach fluids intense thirst, hypertonicity, Buffer in CO2 hypertension, hyponatremia, exchange edema, muscle weakness Calcium (Ca )2+ 9-11 mg/dL Most found in Dairy, broccoli, Hypercalcemia Hypocalcemia skeletal system kale, grains, egg Skeletal yolks S/S: S/S: maintenance Lethargy, fatigue, Irritability, muscle Regulates muscle loss of appetite, twitches contractions confusion, (*Chvostek sign), Neuromuscular fxn nausea/vomiting, jitteriness, Cardiac fxn polyuria, tremors, poor *Trousseau sign feeding, lethargy, seizures Magnesium (Mg 1.5-2.5 mEq/L ICF, skeletal Green, leafy Hypermagnesem Hypomagnesemi 2+ ) system vegetables, nuts, ia a grains, meat, milk Intracellular S/S: S/S: metabolism, Hypocalcemia, Abnormal eye operates sodium- nausea/vomiting, movements potassium pump, muscle weakness, (nystagmus), regulates cardiac hypotension, convulsions, and reduced fatigue, muscle neuromuscular respiration spasms or cramps, fxn, relaxes muscle weakness, muscle numbness contractions 4- Phosphate (PO ) 2.4-4.5 mg/dL ICF Dairy, peas, soft Hyperphosphate Hypophosphate drinks, meat, eggs, mia mia Formation of bones some grains and teeth, Usually S/S: metabolism of asymptomatic; Bone pain, protein, fats, may be confusion, muscle carbs, hypotensive or weakness Muscle, nerve and exhibit signs of RBC fxn, regulates hypocalcemia acid-base balance, regulates calcium levels Bicarbonate 22-26 mEq/L Found in both ECF, *cannot be gained Metabolic alkalosis Metabolic acidosis (HCO )3 ICF thru diet because it is produced by Major body buffer metabolic process Regulates acid- base balance Produced thru metabolic process


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