Unit 4 Psychology 350
Popular in Social Psychology
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Stevenson on Monday March 23, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 350 at Washington State University taught by Donelle Posey in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 90 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at Washington State University.
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Eugh...this class is soo hard! I'm so glad that you'll be posting notes this semester.
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Date Created: 03/23/15
Unit 4 Chapter 8 Conformity and Obedience Conformity A change in one s behavior d to the realimagined in uence of other people 0 Other people can be imagined you don39t have to be in the room with someone to be in uenced by them parents church community sorority sisters what would they do what will I do 0 We conform in order to keep peace Informational Social In uence The Need to Know What39s quotRightquot Using others39 behavior as information about what is correct or proper o Sherif39s Study 1936 Procedure participants sat in a dark room w or wo others present Viewed a dot of light on the wall and estimated its movement Autokinetic effect Asked participants to ask how far the dot moved Next they were placed in the room with 2 other people each had to publicly report how far they thought the dot moved The group agreed on the distance on which the light moved even though at rst they had very different answers Found that based on situation you could get conformity When will people conform to information social in uence 0 When the situation is ambiguous We look to other people when we don39t know how to behave 0 When the situation is urgent If it requires immediate action we39ll use other people39s behavior to inform what we should do 0 When other people are experts People who are high in status encourage normative social in uence We assume they know more than we do If they are high in status prettypopular we conform to that high status person for acceptance Normative Social In uence The Need to Be Accepted Conforming out of a desire to be liked or accepted or the desire to avoid disapproval or other social sanctions 0 Social Norms Explicit but also implicit rules indicating how individuals are expected to behave in speci c situations 0 Line formation 0 Standing in an elevator Distance behind someone at an ATM o Asch s Study 1951 Procedure one participant and several confederates verbally report which of 3 quottarget linesquot matches the stimulus line in length the answers are obviously wrong Informational vs Normative produce different types of conformity Sherif39s Study 0 Information in uence ambiguous 0 Private conformity a person changes both behavior AND belief o Belief participants came back a year later and answered the same thing their group had agreed on instead of their original answer Asch s Study 0 Normative in uence nonambiguous 0 Public conformity a super cial change in behavior Majority vs Minority In uence Majority 0 Group size the larger the group the more in uential BUT only to a point If you add one person to a 3 person group making it 4 that39s a large jump compared to adding one person to a 467 person group 0 Salience of norms How obvious is the norm Priming the tip jar o Unanimity Any dissent even if incorrect will lead to a decrease in conformity o Cohesion More cohesive the group the more in uence on conformity it is 0 Public Response More in uenced because you have to say it and people will judge you Verbally expressing dissent Minority 0 Process by which the dissenters produce change within a group Best weapon to do this is consistency Why does it work 0 1 Draws attention to the issueperspective by being consistent o 2 Dissenter is unlikely to yield which forces the mainstream to compromise o 3 Standing up to the majority gives the perception that the dissenter must have a good point 0
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