We The People Chapter 1, American Government
We The People Chapter 1, American Government POLS 1101 01
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paige Peterson on Monday August 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 01 at Georgia Southern University taught by Lubecki in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Introduction to United States Government in Political Science at Georgia Southern University.
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Date Created: 08/15/16
Ch1- Introduction: The Citizen and the Government: What Government does and why it Matters: o Government Provides: Provides National Security Pays for and directs military State and federal education assistance Federal Food inspection Road construction and maintenance National Weather Service Federal immigration policy o Government- formal institutions through which a land and its people are ruled. o Main American Political Values: Liberty-personal freedom and a limited government Equality-all individuals have the right to participate in political life and society on equivalent terms Democracy- placing considerable political power in the hands of ordinary people Government Affects Our Lives Every Day o Focus- Explore American’s attitudes towards government o Trust in Government has Declined American’s feel as if they can do little to influence government African Americans and Latinos express more faith in the government than the whites- interesting. More than half of all people do not trust the government Risks of distrust in government- Fewer trustworthy people willing to dedicate their lives to a career in government, public uprisings o Political Efficacy Means People Can Make a Difference Political Efficacy- the belief that ordinary citizens can effect what the government does and that their actions do matter Growing belief that the government is not run for the good of the people Declining political participation Citizenship is Based on Political Knowledge and Participation o Citizenship- Informed and active membership of a community o Digital Citizenship is the Newest Way to Participate The ability to participate with a society online Most people read the news and seek political info online o Expansion of Participation in America Change the Political Balance America has a history of expanding rights to those without Usually results from pressure from below and help from above o The Goal of Politics is to Have a Say in What Happens Politics-conflicts and struggles over the leadership, structure, and policies of a government Goal-have a share or say in the composition of the government’s leadership, organization, and policies Power- Having a say or share in politics Representative Democracy or republic- system of government in which the populace selects representatives who play a significant role Direct Democracy- System that permits citizens to vote directly on laws and policies Nationally, America is a representative democracy. Some states or cities do follow direct democracy form The Identity of Americans has Changed over Time o Focus- Show how the social composition of the American population has changed over time o Immigration and Increasing Ethnic Diversity Have Always Cause Intense Debate Main concerns- political and social values of immigrants, whether or not to require learning English, what diseases they may carry, religion After WWI Congress created new laws that limited the number of immigrants allowed into America Also established National Origins Quota System o Allowing certain numbers of immigrants per origin o Changing Government Criteria for Racial Classification Reflect America’s Changing Identity First census did not include Native Americans 1790- government still fought to limit non-white population o “Who are Americans?” Race and Ethnicity 2/3 European descent, 17% Hispanic, 13% Black, 5% Asian, 2.5% mixed race Religion 75% Protestant, Catholic, or Jewish Geography 80.7% live in urban areas Socioeconomic Status 15% below the national poverty line Population and Representation America is Built on the Ideas of Liberty, Equality, and Democracy o Focus- Analyze whether the US system of government upholds American political values o Liberty means Freedom “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness” Liberty- freedom from government control and economic freedom Limited Government- powers are defined and limited by constriction Economic freedom is linked to capitalism, free markets, and the protection of private property Laissez-faire capitalism- economic system in which production and distribution are privately owned and operated for profit with minimal government interference Now the government does a lot to protect the public, such as federal food inspection, health and safety laws, workplace regulations o Equality means Treating People Fairly Equality for Opportunity- all people have the freedom to use whatever talents and wealth they have to reach their fullest potential Political Equality- the right to participate in politics equally based on the principle “one person, one vote” o Democracy means that what the people want matters Popular Sovereignty- political authority rests solely in the hands of the people Majority Rule- follows preferences of the majority Minority Rights- Protects the interests of the minority
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