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Ancient Civilizations Notes Week 1

by: Elijah McGrew-Springs

Ancient Civilizations Notes Week 1 Anth 1190-100

Marketplace > University of Colorado at Boulder > Anth 1190-100 > Ancient Civilizations Notes Week 1
Elijah McGrew-Springs

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About this Document

Concentrates on characteristics of Civilized societies and the time before civilization.
Origins of Ancient Civilizations
Arthur Joyce
Class Notes
Anthropology, Archaeology




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elijah McGrew-Springs on Monday August 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anth 1190-100 at University of Colorado at Boulder taught by Arthur Joyce in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 8 views.


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Date Created: 08/15/16
Ancient Civilizations Characteristics of states Cities/large urban concentrations o Example: Cuzco, Peru  State form of political organization o Strong central government (state) o Professional ruling class o Economy and rulers of state often recording in writing  Social stratification (inequality in wealth, status and power) o Class­based (i.e. Nobles vs. Commoners)  Economic role specialization o Rulers, religious specialists, blacksmiths, potters, etc.  Surpluses mobilized in the form of taxes and tribute to support state projects like  construction of monumental buildings  Intensive Agriculture to feed large populations  Go through cycles of growth and collapse The 8 million years before civilization  Early hominids first appeared in Africa about 8 million years ago, give or take a  million o “Lucy” 3.2 million years ago  Geological Epochs o Pleistocene Epoch (The Ice Age): 2,000,000 years b.c­10,000 b.c o Holocene Epoch: 10,000 b.c­now  Evolution through the Pleistocene o Larger brains o Possible references to an afterlife Upper Paleolithic  Mostly homosapiens  Time of the famous cave paintings Characteristics of societies of the time  Small family­based foraging groups (bands)  Mobile, non­sedentary  Egalitarian (elders often more respected but weren’t rulers) Ancient Civilizations  Little economic specialization (age and gender affected who did what)  Small­scale, portable technologies


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