New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Gen. Micro: Lect. 1 Notes

by: Madi Burke

Gen. Micro: Lect. 1 Notes BIOL 2051

Madi Burke
View Full Document for 0 Karma

View Full Document


Unlock These Notes for FREE

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Microbiology

(Limited time offer)

Unlock Notes

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Enter your email below to receive Microbiology notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Unlock FREE notes

About this Document

Lecture notes from the first week of class, August 22-26
Prof. Brininstool
Class Notes
Science, Microbiology, Biology, Cellular




Popular in Microbiology

Popular in Biological Sciences

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Madi Burke on Tuesday August 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to BIOL 2051 at Louisiana State University taught by Prof. Brininstool in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 71 views. For similar materials see Microbiology in Biological Sciences at Louisiana State University.


Reviews for Gen. Micro: Lect. 1 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 08/16/16
Micro Notes: What counts as a microbe? i g n u F a i r e t c a B a o z o t o r P s e s u r i v e l b a r e t l i F Microbiologists study: protozoa, diatoms, algae, fungi, viruses, & bacteria. Microbiology (defined): study of microorganisms (cellular/noncellular) too small to be seen by the naked eye Characteristics of cells: s l l e c n e e w t e b n o i t a c i n u m m o c t n e m e v o m n o i t c u d o r p e r / n o i t a r e f i l o r p e t a i t n e r e f f i d e v l o v e Number of Microbial Cells on Earth? Robert Hooke (1665) - 1st to describe microorganisms Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1676) - 1st to describe bacteria (drawings) Microscopy: looking at cell shape, arrangement, structures, pathogenic nature, & cell structure Gram Stains: Compound Light Microscopes: light microscopy (1000x magnification) 4 Types of Light Microscopy: 1) 2) 3) 4) Viability Staining - distinguishes living from dead microbes/cells Electron Microscopes: -> TEM {transmission electron microscope} (dead) (internal structure) -> SEM {scanning electron microscope} (3D surfaces) (dead or living) (200,000x magnification) ~ Both: 0.2-4 nanometers limit of resolution *Mycobacterium leprae* Microbial Size: (as small as 0.2 micrometers) affect on physiology, rates of growth, & ecology (sometimes have smaller genomes) ~ high surface area:volume = good nutrient & waste exchange w/ env. Friday, August 26, 2016 Fun Facts: Bacteria do not have mitochondria. Ribosomes have 2 subunits. Structural Cell Types: 1) Prokaryotes: cell wall, cytoplasmic membrane, nucleoid, cytoplasm, plasmid, ribosomes 2) Eukaryotes: cell wall (minus animals), cytoplasmic membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes, nucleus, nucleolus, nuclear membrane, golgi, cytoplasm ~ some have mitochondria / chloroplasts Eukaryotic Cell > Prokaryotic Cell > Virus Cytoplasmic membrane: fluid, selective permeability, lipid & protein composition, bilayer ~ hydrophilic, hydrophobic ~ polar, non-polar -> Archaea = fatty acids phytanyl, monolayer (peel resistant) -> Other lipids in the membrane add strength, like cholesterol. -> Functions: permeability barrier & anchors proteins & conserves energy Transport: ~ simple: energy from proton motive force (ETC & ATP synthase) ~ group translocation: chemically modified, w/ phosphoenolpyruvate (see slide 36) ~ ABC transporter: use ATP, periplasmic (in the space between membranes) binding proteins (see slide 37) *Uniporter = single ~ ex: potassium *Antiporter = opposite ~ ex: sodium-proton *Symporter = same ~ ex: sulfate, phosphate, lac permease Eukaryotic: Cytoskeleton: microfilaments (actin polymers, cell shape & motility) microtubules (tubulin polymers, flagella & cilia, move organelles & chromosomes)


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

0 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.