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Microbiology Week 1 Notes

by: Marie Partarrieu

Microbiology Week 1 Notes

Marketplace > Catholic University of America > BIOL > > Microbiology Week 1 Notes
Marie Partarrieu
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First week notes for Microbiology for Nurses
Class Notes
Microbiology, Nursing




Popular in Microbiology

Popular in BIOL

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marie Partarrieu on Tuesday August 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to at Catholic University of America taught by Ficke in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 12 views. For similar materials see Microbiology in BIOL at Catholic University of America.


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Date Created: 08/16/16
Week 1  Part 1  Itis‐ Meaning ‘Inflammation’ (Words with the ending –it is usually refer to inflammation at a specific  body site.)  1) Infectious Diseases‐ Caused by microorganisms in or on your body which bring about an  abnormality.   2) Communicable Diseases‐ Are which the microorganisms can be transmitted from one individual to  another (You can get the microorganism, but may or may not acquire disease.)   NOT ALL INFECTIOUS DISEASES ARE COMMINICABLE   Antibiotics‐ Drugs that either kill or inhibit the multiplication of ONLY bacteria with the help of our  defenses.   The Immune system works together with ALL other defenses to destroy disease.  Part 2  To figure out what disease you have, you could look at…  1) Symptoms‐ If disease is to that severe, this is the only test needed.  2) Rapid Tests‐ Takes about 10‐20 minutes. Detects molecules that are part of the microorganism  that is not normal flora in your body.  3) Cultures‐ Takes minimum 1 day. Takes specimen from bod, is placed in a dish with nutrients and  allowed time to grow. Once the growth period is completed, one sees if microorganism thought  to cause disease is present.    Best way to prevent infectious disease:   ‐ Wash your hand  ‐ Do not touch mouth, nose, or eyes    Aseptic Technique‐ All the things we do to keep the microorganisms where we  want them and out of  where we don’t want them.   Many, but not all, of infections today can be treated at home.  Nosocomial Infections‐ Hospital acquired infections. Infectious diseases that the patient did not have  when they entered the hospital, not even in an incubation period. However, it would be considered  Nosocomial if the patient had been harboring the microorganism beforehand, without causing harm  before entering the hospital.  Incubation Period‐ Time in between from when you acquire the microorganism and symptoms appear  (e.i: Chicken Pox has an incubation period of 21 days.)  Pathogenic‐ When the microorganism has the ability to cause disease.  Normal Flora‐ All the microorganism that inhabit our body at all times, usually without harm and living in  balance with our defenses.   There are normal flora which have the ability to be pathogens if conditions allow it to be.    Problems with Nosocomial Infections:  1) Death rate increases 5x  2) Nosocomial Infection patients have to stay longer in the hospital, which may result in financial  distress.  3) Only a small percentage of Nosocomial Infections can be prevented.     


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